Microbes in the coral holobiont : partners through evolution, development, and ecological interactions
Thompson, Janelle R.
Rivera, Hanny E.
Closek, Collin J.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordCoral; Holobiont; Metamorphosis; Biological; Symbiosis; Pollution and global change; Ecosystem; Bacterial interactions
In the last two decades, genetic and genomic studies have revealed the astonishing diversity and ubiquity of microorganisms. Emergence and expansion of the human microbiome project has reshaped our thinking about how microbes control host health—not only as pathogens, but also as symbionts. In coral reef environments, scientists have begun to examine the role that microorganisms play in coral life history. Herein, we review the current literature on coral-microbe interactions within the context of their role in evolution, development, and ecology. We ask the following questions, first posed by McFall-Ngai et al. (2013) in their review of animal evolution, with specific attention to how coral-microbial interactions may be affected under future environmental conditions: (1) How do corals and their microbiome affect each other's genomes? (2) How does coral development depend on microbial partners? (3) How is homeostasis maintained between corals and their microbial symbionts? (4) How can ecological approaches deepen our understanding of the multiple levels of coral-microbial interactions? Elucidating the role that microorganisms play in the structure and function of the holobiont is essential for understanding how corals maintain homeostasis and acclimate to changing environmental conditions.
© The Author(s), 2015. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 4 (2015): 176, doi:10.3389/fcimb.2014.00176.
Suggested CitationArticle: Thompson, Janelle R., Rivera, Hanny E., Closek, Collin J., Medina, Monica, "Microbes in the coral holobiont : partners through evolution, development, and ecological interactions", Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 4 (2015): 176, DOI:10.3389/fcimb.2014.00176, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/7196
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Coral biomineralization, climate proxies and the sensitivity of coral reefs to CO2-driven climate change DeCarlo, Thomas M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-02)Scleractinian corals extract calcium (Ca2+) and carbonate (CO2−3) ions from seawater to construct their calcium carbonate (CaCO3) skeletons. Key to the coral biomineralization process is the active elevation of the CO2−3 ...
Comment on "Radiocarbon calibration curve spanning 0 to 50,000 years BP based on paired 230Th/234U/238U and 14C dates on pristine corals" by R.G. Fairbanks et al. (Quaternary Science Reviews 24 (2005) 1781-1796), and "Extending the radiocarbon calibration beyond 26,000 years before present using fossil corals" by T.-C. Chiu et al. (Quaternary Science Reviews 24 (2005) 1797-1808). Reimer, Paula J.; Baillie, Mike G. L.; Bard, Edouard; Beck, J. Warren; Blackwell, Paul G.; Buck, Caitlin E.; Burr, George S.; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Friedrich, Michael; Guilderson, Thomas P.; Hogg, Alan G.; Hughen, Konrad A.; Kromer, Bernd; McCormac, Gerry; Manning, Sturt; Reimer, Ron W.; Southon, John R.; Stuiver, Minze; van der Plicht, Johannes; Weyhenmeyer, Constanze E. (2006-02)A recently published radiocarbon calibration curve extending to 50,000 cal BP (Fairbanks et al. 2005) is purportedly superior to that generated by the IntCal working group beyond the end of the tree-ring data at 12,400 ...
Coral calcification : insights from inorganic experiments and coral responses to environmental variables Holcomb, Michael (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2010-02)Coral calcification is examined using a laboratory model and living corals. In the laboratory model, abiogenic aragonite formed at high saturation state (Ω>~20) had a granular appearance and was enriched in trace elements, ...