Now showing items 57-76 of 97

    • Natural and unnatural oil slicks in the Gulf of Mexico 

      MacDonald, Ian R.; Garcia-Pineda, Oscar; Beet, Andrew R.; Daneshgar Asl, Samira; Feng, Lian; Graettinger, George D.; French-McCay, Deborah P.; Holmes, James; Hu, Chuanmin; Huffer, Fred W.; Leifer, Ira; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Solow, Andrew R.; Silva, M.; Swayze, Gregg A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-12-28)
      When wind speeds are 2–10 m s−1, reflective contrasts in the ocean surface make oil slicks visible to synthetic aperture radar (SAR) under all sky conditions. Neural network analysis of satellite SAR images quantified the ...
    • A nonparametric test for change in variability using a proxy record with an application to ENSO 

      Solow, Andrew R.; Beet, Andrew R. (American Geophysical Union, 2008-10-09)
      A common problem in climate science is determining whether the pattern of variability in a particular process or variable has changed over time. When the modern observational record is short, this problem can be addressed ...
    • Nutrition and income from molluscs today imply vulnerability to ocean acidification tomorrow 

      Cooley, Sarah R.; Lucey, Noelle; Kite-Powell, Hauke L.; Doney, Scott C. (2011-05-20)
      Atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from human industrial activities are causing a progressive alteration of seawater chemistry, termed ocean acidification, that has decreased seawater pH and carbonate ion ...
    • Occupational safety and regulatory compliance in US commercial fishing 

      Davis, Mary E. (2010-11-19)
      This study explored occupational safety practices and regulatory compliance in a representative sample of Maine commercial fishing vessels. Data were collected on demographic characteristics, safety equipment and training, ...
    • Ocean acidification’s potential to alter global marine ecosystem services 

      Cooley, Sarah R.; Kite-Powell, Hauke L.; Doney, Scott C. (Oceanography Society, 2009-12)
      Ocean acidification lowers the oceanic saturation states of carbonate minerals and decreases the calcification rates of some marine organisms that provide a range of ecosystem services such as wild fishery and aquaculture ...
    • On estimating the number of species from the discovery record 

      Solow, Andrew R.; Smith, Woollcott K. (Royal Society, 2005-02-04)
      A common approach to estimating the number of species in a taxonomic or other group is to extrapolate the temporal pattern of historical species discoveries or descriptions. A formal statistical approach to this problem ...
    • On non-stationarity of ENSO 

      Solow, Andrew R.; Huppert, Amit (American Geophysical Union, 2003-09-13)
      Evolutionary spectral analysis has been used to study changes through time in the variability of ENSO-related time series. However, the significance of estimated evolutionary spectra has not been formally assessed. This ...
    • On predicting abundance from occupancy 

      Solow, Andrew R.; Smith, Woollcott K. (University of Chicago Press, 2010-05-13)
      There is growing interest in predicting the abundance of a species in a region from the occupancy of cells in a uniform grid overlaid on the region. When the number of individuals in each cell follows a negative binomial ...
    • On the attribution of a single event to climate change 

      Hansen, Gerrit; Auffhammer, Maximilian; Solow, Andrew R. (American Meteorological Society, 2014-11-15)
      There is growing interest in assessing the role of climate change in observed extreme weather events. Recent work in this area has focused on estimating a measure called attributable risk. A statistical formulation of this ...
    • On the incompleteness of the historical record of North Atlantic tropical cyclones 

      Solow, Andrew R.; Beet, Andrew R. (American Geophysical Union, 2008-06-03)
      There is some question as to whether the historical record of observed North Atlantic tropical cyclones prior to the advent of satellite coverage is complete. This question is central to understanding the historical trend ...
    • On the maximum observed wind speed in a randomly sampled hurricane 

      Solow, Andrew R. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-03-01)
      There is considerable interest in detecting a long-term trend in hurricane intensity possibly related to large-scale ocean warming. This effort is complicated by the paucity of wind speed measurements for hurricanes occurring ...
    • Optimal multiproxy reconstruction of sea surface temperature from corals 

      Solow, Andrew R.; Huppert, Amit (American Geophysical Union, 2004-10-08)
      Past sea surface temperatures have been reconstructed using coral measurements of single geochemical proxies. There is some interest in improving reconstruction by combining results from different proxies. The construction ...
    • Perceptions of occupational risk by US commercial fishermen 

      Davis, Mary E. (2011-03-10)
      The dangers associated with commercial fishing are well documented, and fishermen consistently face one of the highest job-related mortality risks of all US occupations. This study explored fishermen’s perceptions of these ...
    • A potential bias in coral reconstruction of sea surface temperature 

      Solow, Andrew R.; Huppert, Amit (American Geophysical Union, 2004-03-25)
      Isotopic measurements in corals are used to reconstruct past sea surface temperature. These reconstructions are based on calibration regression analyses using paired measurements of modern isotopic composition and sea ...
    • Proceedings of the Workshop on Fisheries Sociology : April 26-27, 1985, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 

      Bailey, Connor; Harris, Criag K.; Heaton, Clayton; Ladner, Rosamund (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-09)
      From the Forward: The idea for an Exploratory Workshop on Fisheries Sociology emerged from informal discussions held at the 1983 Rural Sociological Society meetings. Planning for the Exploratory Workshop was undertaken ...
    • Productivity and linkages of the food web of the southern region of the western Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf 

      Ballerini, Tosca; Hofmann, Eileen E.; Ainley, David G.; Daly, Kendra L.; Marrari, Marina; Ribic, Christine A.; Smith, Walker O.; Steele, John H. (2013-11-23)
      The productivity and linkages in the food web of the southern region of the west Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf were investigated using a multi-trophic level mass balance model. Data collected during the Southern ...
    • Public opinion and the environmental, economic and aesthetic impacts of offshore wind 

      Bush, Drew; Hoagland, Porter (2015-11)
      During ten-plus years of debate over the proposed Cape Wind facility off Cape Cod, Massachusetts, the public’s understanding of its environmental, economic, and visual impacts matured. Tradeoffs also have become apparent ...
    • Rapid helium isotopic variability in Mauna Kea shield lavas from the Hawaiian Scientific Drilling Project 

      Kurz, Mark D.; Curtice, Joshua; Lott, Dempsey E.; Solow, Andrew R. (American Geophysical Union, 2004-04-21)
      This paper presents new magmatic helium isotopic compositions in a suite of lavas from phase II of the Hawaiian Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP2) core, which sampled Mauna Kea volcano to a maximum depth of 3098 m below ...
    • Reconciling end-to-end and population concepts for marine ecosystems 

      Steele, John H.; Gifford, Dian J. (2010-05-06)
      The inherent complexities in the structure and dynamics of marine food webs have led to two major simplifying concepts, a species-centric approach focused on physical processes driving the population dynamics of single ...
    • Resource allocation for Lagrangian tracking 

      Jones, Benjamin T.; Solow, Andrew; Ji, Rubao (American Meteorological Society, 2016-06-02)
      Accurate estimation of the transport probabilities among regions in the ocean provides valuable information for understanding plankton transport, the spread of pollutants, and the movement of water masses. Individual-based ...