Now showing items 1-20 of 95

    • Accounting for marine economic activities in large marine ecosystems 

      Hoagland, Porter; Jin, Di (2007-09)
      We develop an index that is a measure of the intensity of marine activities in large marine ecosystems (LMEs). We compare this marine activity index with an index of socioeconomic development across ocean regions. This ...
    • Analysis of energy flow in US GLOBEC ecosystems using end-to-end models 

      Ruzicka, James J.; Steele, John H.; Gaichas, Sarah K.; Ballerini, Tosca; Gifford, Dian J.; Brodeur, Richard D.; Hofmann, Eileen E. (The Oceanography Society, 2013-12)
      End-to-end models were constructed to examine and compare the trophic structure and energy flow in coastal shelf ecosystems of four US Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (GLOBEC) study regions: the Northern California Current, ...
    • An analysis of fishing vessel accidents in fishing areas off the northeastern United States 

      Jin, Di; Thunberg, Eric M. (2005-02-17)
      Commercial fishing is one of the least safe occupations. Fishing vessel accident probability and vessel trip probability for fishing areas off the northeastern United States were modeled using logit regression and daily ...
    • Anthropogenic nutrients and harmful algae in coastal waters 

      Davidson, Keith; Gowen, Richard J.; Harrison, Paul J.; Fleming, Lora E.; Hoagland, Porter; Moschonas, Grigorios (Elsevier, 2014-08-28)
      Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are thought to be increasing in coastal waters worldwide. Anthropogenic nutrient enrichment has been proposed as a principal causative factor of this increase through elevated inorganic and/or ...
    • Aquaculture and capture fisheries : a conceptual approach toward an integrated economic-ecological analysis 

      Jin, Di (2012-08-02)
      This study presents a framework for analyzing the interactions between aquaculture and capture fisheries in the context of ecosystem-based management. We extend a model of the economic and ecological systems in coastal ...
    • Are marine protected areas a red herring or fisheries panacea? 

      Kaiser, Michel J. (National Research Council Canada, 2005-05-31)
      Chronic failures in marine fisheries management have led some to suggest that marine protected areas (MPAs) are the solution to achieve sustainable fisheries. While such systems work for certain habitat-specific and nonmobile ...
    • Are there eco-metrics for fisheries? 

      Steele, John H. (2005-11-03)
      Ecosystem based management of marine resources is a worthy ideal. At present, however, the science is unable to measure and relate the fundamental concepts of diversity, productivity and resilience required for management ...
    • Assessment of management to mitigate anthropogenic effects on large whales 

      van der Hoop, Julie; Moore, Michael J.; Barco, Susan G.; Cole, Timothy V. N.; Daoust, Pierre-Yves; Henry, Allison G.; McAlpine, Donald F.; McLellan, William A.; Wimmer, Tonya; Solow, Andrew R. (John Wiley & Sons, 2012-10-01)
      United States and Canadian governments have responded to legal requirements to reduce human-induced whale mortality via vessel strikes and entanglement in fishing gear by implementing a suite of regulatory actions. We ...
    • Balancing end-to-end budgets of the Georges Bank ecosystem 

      Steele, John H.; Collie, Jeremy S.; Bisagni, James J.; Gifford, Dian J.; Fogarty, Michael J.; Link, Jason S.; Sullivan, B. K.; Sieracki, Michael E.; Beet, Andrew R.; Mountain, David G.; Durbin, Edward G.; Palka, D.; Stockhausen, W. T. (2007-05-09)
      Oceanographic regimes on the continental shelf display a great range in the time scales of physical exchange, biochemical processes and trophic transfers. The close surface-to-seabed physical coupling at intermediate scales ...
    • A bibliographic listing of coastal and marine protected areas : a global survey 

      Silva, Maynard E.; Gately, Ellen M.; Desilvestre, Ingrid (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-01)
      This document is the result of a survey of over 600 books, articles, technical reports and personal correspondence reviewing approximately 1,000 coastal and marine protected areas in 87 countries and, in turn, was intended ...
    • A broad-scale profile of the marine advanced technology industry 

      Kite-Powell, Hauke L. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-03)
      Within the maritime sector of the United States economy, in which many industries are largely moribund (shipbuilding), flagging (international shipping), or often in disarray (fisheries), electronic marine instrumentation ...
    • The challenge to detect and attribute effects of climate change on human and natural systems 

      Stone, Daithi; Auffhammer, Maximilian; Carey, Mark; Hansen, Gerrit; Huggel, Christian; Cramer, Wolfgang; Lobell, David; Molau, Ulf; Solow, Andrew R.; Tibig, Lourdes; Yohe, Gary (Springer, 2013-08-30)
      Anthropogenic climate change has triggered impacts on natural and human systems world-wide, yet the formal scientific method of detection and attribution has been only insufficiently described. Detection and attribution ...
    • Changes in work habits of lifeguards in relation to Florida red tide 

      Nierenberg, Kate; Kirner, Karen; Hoagland, Porter; Ullmann, Steven G.; LeBlanc, William G.; Kirkpatrick, Gary; Fleming, Lora E.; Kirkpatrick, Barbara (2010-06-15)
      The marine dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis, is responsible for Florida red tides. Brevetoxins, the neurotoxins produced by K. brevis blooms, can cause fish kills, contaminate shellfish, and lead to respiratory illness in ...
    • Characterizing the error in the estimated age-depth relationship 

      Solow, Andrew R. (Dept. of Geosciences, University of Arizona, 2003)
      It is common practice to estimate the age of undated material extracted from a sediment core from radiocarbon or other radiometric dates of samples taken above and below the extracted material. This paper presents a simple ...
    • Climate-driven sea level anomalies modulate coastal groundwater dynamics and discharge 

      Gonneea, Meagan E.; Mulligan, Ann E.; Charette, Matthew A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-06-03)
      To better understand the physical drivers of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) in the coastal ocean, we conducted a detailed field and modeling study within an unconfined coastal aquifer system. We monitored the hydraulic ...
    • Comparing multistate expected damages, option price and cumulative prospect measures for valuing flood protection 

      Farrow, Scott; Scott, Michael (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-05-28)
      Floods are risky events ranging from small to catastrophic. Although expected flood damages are frequently used for economic policy analysis, alternative measures such as option price (OP) and cumulative prospect value ...
    • Comparing species and ecosystem-based estimates of fisheries yields 

      Steele, John H.; Gifford, Dian J.; Collie, Jeremy S. (2011-06)
      Three methods are described to estimate potential yields of commercial fish species: (i) single-species calculation of maximum sustainable yields, and two ecosystem-based methods derived from published results for (ii) ...
    • Constructing end-to-end models using ECOPATH data 

      Steele, John H.; Ruzicka, James J. (2011-03)
      The wide availability of ECOPATH data sets provides a valuable resource for the comparative analysis of marine ecosystems. We show how to derive a bottom-up transform from the top-down ECOPATH; couple this to a simple NPZD ...
    • Construction kits or virtual worlds; management applications of E2E models 

      Steele, John H.; Aydin, Kerim; Gifford, Dian J.; Hofmann, Eileen E. (2011-10)
      We review briefly the diversity of modeling activity that comes under the rubric of end-to-end (E2E) models, but the focus of this paper – of joint concern to researchers and to managers - is on applications to management ...
    • Coral reef species assemblages are associated with ambient soundscapes 

      Kaplan, Maxwell B.; Mooney, T. Aran; Partan, James W.; Solow, Andrew R. (2015-06)
      Coral reefs provide a wide array of ecosystem services and harbor some of the highest levels of biodiversity on the planet, but many reefs are in decline worldwide. Tracking changes is necessary for effective resource ...