Now showing items 21-40 of 1920

    • Turbulence and vorticity in the Wake of Palau 

      St. Laurent, Louis C.; Ijichi, Takashi; Merrifield, Sophia T.; Shapiro, Justin; Simmons, Harper L. (Oceanography Society, 2019-12-11)
      The interaction of flow with steep island and ridge topography at the Palau island chain leads to rich vorticity fields that generate a cascade of motions. The energy transfer to small scales removes energy from the ...
    • Impact of multidecadal variability in Atlantic SST on winter atmospheric blocking 

      Kwon, Young-Oh; Seo, Hyodae; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Joyce, Terrence M. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-12-31)
      Recent studies have suggested that coherent multidecadal variability exists between North Atlantic atmospheric blocking frequency and the Atlantic multidecadal variability (AMV). However, the role of AMV in modulating ...
    • Flow-topography interactions in the Samoan Passage 

      Girton, James B.; Mickett, John B.; Zhao, Zhongxiang; Alford, Matthew H.; Voet, Gunnar; Cusack, Jesse M.; Carter, Glenn S.; Pearson-Potts, Kelly A.; Pratt, Lawrence J.; Tan, Shuwen; Klymak, Jody M. (Oceanography Society, 2019-12-11)
      Mixing in the Samoan Passage has implications for the abyssal water properties of the entire North Pacific—nearly 20% of the global ocean’s volume. Dense bottom water formed near Antarctica encounters the passage—a gap in ...
    • The land-sea breeze of the Red Sea: observations, simulations, and relationships to regional moisture transport 

      Davis, Shannon R.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Weller, Robert A.; Jiang, Houshuo; Pratt, Lawrence J. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-11-16)
      Unique in situ observations of atmospheric conditions over the Red Sea and the coastal Arabian Peninsula are examined to study the dynamics and regional impacts of the local land‐sea breeze cycle (LSBC). During a 26‐month ...
    • A spatial geography of abyssal turbulent mixing in the Samoan passage 

      Carter, Glenn S.; Voet, Gunnar; Alford, Matthew H.; Girton, James B.; Mickett, John B.; Klymak, Jody M.; Pratt, Lawrence J.; Pearson-Potts, Kelly A.; Cusack, Jesse M.; Tan, Shuwen (Oceanography Society, 2019-12-11)
      High levels of turbulent mixing have long been suspected in the Samoan Passage, an important topographic constriction in the deep limb of the Pacific Meridional Overturning Circulation. Along the length of the passage, ...
    • Eighteenth Setting of the Stratus Ocean Reference Station Cruise On Board RV Cabo de Hornos April 8 - 27, 2019 Valparaiso, Chile - Valparaiso, Chile 

      Bigorre, Sebastien P.; Hasbrouck, Emerson; Pietro, Benjamin; Search, Francesca; Alquinta, Sasha; Pezoa, Sergio; Llanos, Nicolas (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-10)
      The Ocean Reference Station at 20°S, 85°W under the stratus clouds west of northern Chile is being maintained to provide ongoing climate-quality records of surface meteorology, air-sea fluxes of heat, freshwater, and ...
    • Eddies, topography, and the abyssal flow by the Kyushu-Palau Ridge near Velasco Reef 

      Andres, Magdalena; Siegelman, Mika; Hormann, Verena; Musgrave, Ruth C.; Merrifield, Sophia T.; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Merrifield, Mark; Alford, Matthew H.; Voet, Gunnar; Wijesekera, Hemantha W.; MacKinnon, Jennifer A.; Centurioni, Luca R.; Nash, Jonathan D.; Terrill, Eric (The Oceanography Society, 2019-12-11)
      Palau, an island group in the tropical western North Pacific at the southern end of Kyushu-Palau Ridge, sits near the boundary between the westward-​flowing North Equatorial Current (NEC) and the eastward-flowing North ...
    • The mean state and variability of the North Atlantic circulation: a perspective from ocean reanalyses 

      Jackson, Laura; Dubois, Clotilde; Forget, Gael; Haines, Keith; Harrison, Matthew; Iovino, Doroteaciro; Toyoda, Takahiro; Kohl, Armin; Mignac, Davi; Masina, Simona; Peterson, K. Andrew; Piecuch, Christopher G.; Roberts, Chris; Robson, Jon; Storto, Andrea; Toyoda, Takahiro; Valdivieso, Maria; Wilson, Chris; Wang, Yiguo; Zuo, Hao (American Geophysical Union, 2019-11-06)
      The observational network around the North Atlantic has improved significantly over the last few decades with subsurface profiling floats and satellite observations and the recent efforts to monitor the Atlantic Meridional ...
    • A note on modeling mixing in the upper layers of the Bay of Bengal: importance of water type, water column structure and precipitation 

      Kantha, Lakshmi; Weller, Robert A.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Rahaman, Hasibur; Jampana, Venkata (Elsevier, 2019-04-29)
      Turbulent mixing in the upper layers of the northern Bay of Bengal is affected by a shallow layer overlying the saline waters of the Bay, which results from the huge influx of freshwater from major rivers draining the ...
    • Persistent turbulence in the Samoan Passage 

      Cusack, Jesse M.; Voet, Gunnar; Alford, Matthew H.; Girton, James B.; Carter, Glenn S.; Pratt, Lawrence J.; Pearson-Potts, Kelly A.; Tan, Shuwen (American Meteorological Society, 2019-12-09)
      Abyssal waters forming the lower limb of the global overturning circulation flow through the Samoan Passage and are modified by intense mixing. Thorpe-scale-based estimates of dissipation from moored profilers deployed on ...
    • On the steadiness and instability of the Intermediate Western Boundary Current between 24 degrees and 18 degrees S 

      Napolitano, Dante C.; da Silveira, Ilson C. A.; Rocha, Cesar B.; Flierl, Glenn R.; Calil, Paulo H. R.; Martins, Renato P. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-12-06)
      The Intermediate Western Boundary Current (IWBC) transports Antarctic Intermediate Water across the Vitória–Trindade Ridge (VTR), a seamount chain at ~20°S off Brazil. Recent studies suggest that the IWBC develops a strong ...
    • Energy fluxes in coastal trapped waves 

      Musgrave, Ruth C. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-12-03)
      The calculation of energy flux in coastal trapped wave modes is reviewed in the context of tidal energy pathways near the coast. The significant barotropic pressures and currents associated with coastal trapped wave modes ...
    • Three-dimensional structure of a cold-core Arctic eddy interacting with the Chukchi slope current 

      Scott, Ryan M.; Pickart, Robert S.; Lin, Peigen; Münchow, Andreas; Li, Min; Stockwell, Dean A.; Brearley, J. Alexander (American Geophysical Union, 2019-11-11)
      A rapid, high‐resolution shipboard survey, using a combination of lowered and expendable hydrographic measurements and vessel‐mounted acoustic Doppler current profiler data, provided a unique three‐dimensional view of an ...
    • Characteristics of an advective Marine Heatwave in the Middle Atlantic Bight in early 2017 

      Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; Chen, Ke; Forsyth, Jacob S. T.; Bahr, Frank B.; Mercer, Anna Malek; Ellertson, Aubrey; Fratantoni, Paula S.; Seim, Harvey E.; Haines, Sara; Han, Lu (Frontiers Media, 2019-11-22)
      There has been wide interest in Marine Heatwaves and their ecological consequences in recent years. Most analyses have focused on remotely sensed sea surface temperature data due to the temporal and spatial coverage it ...
    • Modeling the dispersion of dissolved natural gas condensates from the Sanchi incident 

      Chen, Lei; Yang, Jiayan; Wu, Lixin (American Geophysical Union, 2019-11-11)
      An Iranian tanker with 136,000 tons of natural gas condensates collided with a freighter in the East China Sea in January 2018 and, after drifting ablaze for 8 days and over 200 km, capsized on the edge of the shelf near ...
    • Dynamics and thermodynamics of the mean transpolar drift and ice thickness in the Arctic Ocean 

      Spall, Michael A. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-11-15)
      A theory for the mean ice thickness and the Transpolar Drift in the Arctic Ocean is developed. Asymptotic expansions of the ice momentum and thickness equations are used to derive analytic expressions for the leading-order ...
    • What caused recent shifts in tropical pacific decadal sea-level trends? 

      Piecuch, Christopher G.; Thompson, Philip R.; Ponte, Rui M.; Merrifield, Mark; Hamlington, Benjamin D. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-10-31)
      Satellite altimetry reveals substantial decadal variability in sea level 𝜁 across the tropical Pacific during 1993–2015. An ocean state estimate that faithfully reproduces the observations is used to elucidate the origin ...
    • Role of residual overturning for the sensitivity of Southern Ocean isopycnal slopes to changes in wind forcing 

      Youngs, Madeleine K.; Flierl, Glenn R.; Ferrari, Raffaele (American Meteorological Society, 2019-10-30)
      The Antarctic Circumpolar Current plays a central role in the ventilation of heat and carbon in the global ocean. In particular, the isopycnal slopes determine where each water mass outcrops and thus how the ocean interacts ...
    • Latitudinal distributions and controls of bacterial community composition during the summer of 2017 in western Arctic surface waters (from the Bering Strait to the Chukchi Borderland) 

      Lee, Jiyoung; Kang, Sung-Ho; Yang, Eun Jin; Macdonald, Alison M.; Joo, Hyoung Min; Park, Junhyung; Kim, Kwangmin; Lee, Gi Seop; Kim, Ju-Hyoung; Yoon, Joo-Eun; Kim, Seong-Su; Lim, Jae-Hyun; Kim, Il-Nam (Nature Research, 2019-11-14)
      The western Arctic Ocean is experiencing some of the most rapid environmental changes in the Arctic. However, little is known about the microbial community response to these changes. Employing observations from the summer ...
    • Forecast of summer precipitation in the Yangtze River Valley based on South China Sea springtime sea surface salinity 

      Zeng, Lili; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Li, Laifang; Wang, Qiang; Wang, Dongxiao (Springer, 2019-07-04)
      As a major moisture source, the South China Sea (SCS) has a significant impact on the summer precipitation over China. The ocean-to-land moisture transport generates sea surface salinity (SSS) anomalies that can be used ...