Now showing items 1-20 of 1836

    • Global perspectives on observing ocean boundary current systems 

      Todd, Robert E.; Chavez, Francisco P.; Clayton, Sophie A.; Cravatte, Sophie; Goes, Marlos Pereira; Graco, Michelle; Lin, Xiaopei; Sprintall, Janet; Zilberman, Nathalie; Archer, Matthew; Arístegui, Javier; Balmaseda, Magdalena A.; Bane, John M.; Baringer, Molly O.; Barth, John A.; Beal, Lisa M.; Brandt, Peter; Calil, Paulo H. R.; Campos, Edmo; Centurioni, Luca R.; Chidichimo, Maria Paz; Cirano, Mauro; Cronin, Meghan F.; Curchitser, Enrique N.; Davis, Russ E.; Dengler, Marcus; deYoung, Brad; Dong, Shenfu; Escribano, Ruben; Fassbender, Andrea; Fawcett, Sarah E.; Feng, Ming; Goni, Gustavo J.; Gray, Alison R.; Gutiérrez, Dimitri; Hebert, Dave; Hummels, Rebecca; Ito, Shin-ichi; Krug, Marjolaine; Lacan, Francois; Laurindo, Lucas; Lazar, Alban; Lee, Craig M.; Lengaigne, Matthieu; Levine, Naomi M.; Middleton, John; Montes, Ivonne; Muglia, Mike; Nagai, Takeyoshi; Palevsky, Hilary I.; Palter, Jaime B.; Phillips, Helen E.; Piola, Alberto R.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Qiu, Bo; Rodrigues, Regina; Roughan, Moninya; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Rykaczewski, Ryan R.; Saraceno, Martin; Seim, Harvey E.; Sen Gupta, Alexander; Shannon, Lynne; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Thompson, LuAnne; van der Plas, Anja K.; Volkov, Denis L.; Wilkin, John L.; Zhang, Dongxiao; Zhang, Linlin (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-08)
      Ocean boundary current systems are key components of the climate system, are home to highly productive ecosystems, and have numerous societal impacts. Establishment of a global network of boundary current observing systems ...
    • An observed regime shift in the formation of warm core rings from the gulf stream 

      Gangopadhyay, Avijit; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; Silva, E. Nishchitha S.; Monim, Mahmud-Ul-Hasan; Clark, Jenifer (Nature Research, 2019-08-23)
      We present observational evidence that a significant regime change occurred around the year 2000 in the formation of Warm Core Rings (WCRs) from the Gulf Stream (GS) between 75° and 55°W. The dataset for this study is a ...
    • Ocean observations to improve our understanding, modeling, and forecasting of subseasonal-to-seasonal variability 

      Subramanian, Aneesh C.; Balmaseda, Magdalena A.; Centurioni, Luca R.; Chattopadhyay, Rajib; Cornuelle, Bruce D.; DeMott, Charlotte; Flatau, Maria; Fujii, Yosuke; Giglio, Donata; Gille, Sarah T.; Hamill, Thomas M.; Hendon, Harry; Hoteit, Ibrahim; Kumar, Arun; Lee, Jae-Hak; Lucas, Andrew J.; Mahadevan, Amala; Matsueda, Mio; Nam, SungHyun; Paturi, Shastri; Penny, Stephen G.; Rydbeck, Adam; Sun, Rui; Takaya, Yuhei; Tandon, Amit; Todd, Robert E.; Vitart, Frederic; Yuan, Dongliang; Zhang, Chidong (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-08)
      Subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) forecasts have the potential to provide advance information about weather and climate events. The high heat capacity of water means that the subsurface ocean stores and re-releases heat (and ...
    • A review of the role of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in Atlantic multidecadal variability and associated climate impacts 

      Zhang, Rong; Sutton, Rowan; Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Kwon, Young-Oh; Marsh, Robert; Yeager, Stephen G.; Amrhein, Daniel E.; Little, Christopher M. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-04-29)
      By synthesizing recent studies employing a wide range of approaches (modern observations, paleo reconstructions, and climate model simulations), this paper provides a comprehensive review of the linkage between multidecadal ...
    • Oceanic Response Observations Due to Passing Tropical Cyclones: An Assessment of Drag and Sea Spray Parameterizations 

      Gallagher, Stephan D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-09)
      Most traditional theories regarding upper oceanic response due to passing tropical cyclones involve an initial and predominant upwelling based on storms’ strong cyclonic flow and resulting positive wind stress curl imparted ...
    • Constraining Southern Ocean air-sea-ice fluxes through enhanced observations 

      Swart, Sebastiaan; Gille, Sarah T.; Delille, Bruno; Josey, Simon A.; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Newman, Louise; Thompson, Andrew F.; Thomson, James M.; Ward, Brian; du Plessis, Marcel; Kent, Elizabeth; Girton, James B.; Gregor, Luke; Heil, Petra; Hyder, Patrick; Pezzi, Luciano Ponzi; de Souza, Ronald Buss; Tamsitt, Veronica; Weller, Robert A.; Zappa, Christopher J. (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-31)
      Air-sea and air-sea-ice fluxes in the Southern Ocean play a critical role in global climate through their impact on the overturning circulation and oceanic heat and carbon uptake. The challenging conditions in the Southern ...
    • Ocean climate observing requirements in support of climate research and climate information 

      Stammer, Detlef; Bracco, Annalisa; AchutaRao, Krishna; Beal, Lisa M.; Bindoff, Nathaniel L.; Braconnot, Pascale; Cai, Wenju; Chen, Dake; Collins, Matthew; Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Dewitte, Boris; Farneti, Riccardo; Fox-Kemper, Baylor; Fyfe, John; Griffies, Stephen M.; Jayne, Steven R.; Lazar, Alban; Lengaigne, Matthieu; Lin, Xiaopei; Marsland, Simon; Minobe, Shoshiro; Monteiro, Pedro M. S.; Robinson, Walter; Roxy, Mathew Koll; Rykaczewski, Ryan R.; Speich, Sabrina; Smith, Inga J.; Solomon, Amy; Storto, Andrea; Takahashi, Ken; Toniazzo, Thomas; Vialard, Jérôme (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-31)
      Natural variability and change of the Earth’s climate have significant global societal impacts. With its large heat and carbon capacity and relatively slow dynamics, the ocean plays an integral role in climate, and provides ...
    • Polar ocean observations: A critical gap in the observing system and its effect on environmental predictions from hours to a season 

      Smith, Gregory C.; Allard, Richard; Babin, Marcel; Bertino, Laurent; Chevallier, Matthieu; Corlett, Gary; Crout, Julia; Davidson, Fraser J. M.; Delille, Bruno; Gille, Sarah T.; Hebert, David; Hyder, Patrick; Intrieri, Janet; Lagunas, José; Larnicol, Gilles; Kaminski, Thomas; Kater, Belinda; Kauker, Frank; Marec, Claudie; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Metzger, E. Joseph; Mordy, Calvin W.; O’Carroll, Anne; Olsen, Steffen M.; Phelps, Michael W.; Posey, Pamela; Prandi, Pierre; Rehm, Eric; Reid, Philip C.; Rigor, Ignatius; Sandven, Stein; Shupe, Matthew; Swart, Sebastiaan; Smedstad, Ole Martin; Solomon, Amy; Storto, Andrea; Thibaut, Pierre; Toole, John M.; Wood, Kevin; Xie, Jiping; Yang, Qinghua; WWRP PPP Steering Group (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-06)
      There is a growing need for operational oceanographic predictions in both the Arctic and Antarctic polar regions. In the former, this is driven by a declining ice cover accompanied by an increase in maritime traffic and ...
    • Evolving the physical global ocean observing system for research and application services through international coordination 

      Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Wilkin, John L.; Hill, Katherine Louise; Chidichimo, Maria Paz; Cronin, Meghan F.; Johannessen, Johnny A.; Karstensen, Johannes; Krug, Marjolaine; Lee, Tong; Oka, Eitarou; Palmer, Matthew D.; Rabe, Benjamin; Speich, Sabrina; von Schuckmann, Karina; Weller, Robert A.; Yu, Weidong (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-06)
      Climate change and variability are major societal challenges, and the ocean is an integral part of this complex and variable system. Key to the understanding of the ocean’s role in the Earth’s climate system is the study ...
    • On the future of Argo: A global, full-depth, multi-disciplinary array 

      Roemmich, Dean; Alford, Matthew H.; Claustre, Hervé; Johnson, Kenneth S.; King, Brian; Moum, James N.; Oke, Peter; Owens, W. Brechner; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Purkey, Sarah G.; Scanderbeg, Megan; Suga, Koushirou; Wijffels, Susan E.; Zilberman, Nathalie; Bakker, Dorothee; Baringer, Molly O.; Belbeoch, Mathieu; Bittig, Henry C.; Boss, Emmanuel S.; Calil, Paulo H. R.; Carse, Fiona; Carval, Thierry; Chai, Fei; Conchubhair, Diarmuid Ó.; d’Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Dall'Olmo, Giorgio; Desbruyeres, Damien; Fennel, Katja; Fer, Ilker; Ferrari, Raffaele; Forget, Gael; Freeland, Howard; Fujiki, Tetsuichi; Gehlen, Marion; Geenan, Blair; Hallberg, Robert; Hibiya, Toshiyuki; Hosoda, Shigeki; Jayne, Steven R.; Jochum, Markus; Johnson, Gregory C.; Kang, KiRyong; Kolodziejczyk, Nicolas; Körtzinger, Arne; Le Traon, Pierre-Yves; Lenn, Yueng-Djern; Maze, Guillaume; Mork, Kjell Arne; Morris, Tamaryn; Nagai, Takeyoshi; Nash, Jonathan D.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Olsen, Are; Pattabhi, Rama Rao; Prakash, Satya; Riser, Stephen C.; Schmechtig, Catherine; Schmid, Claudia; Shroyer, Emily L.; Sterl, Andreas; Sutton, Philip; Talley, Lynne D.; Tanhua, Toste; Thierry, Virginie; Thomalla, Sandy J.; Toole, John M.; Troisi, Ariel; Trull, Thomas W.; Turton, Jon; Velez-Belchi, Pedro; Walczowski, Waldemar; Wang, Haili; Wanninkhof, Rik; Waterhouse, Amy F.; Waterman, Stephanie N.; Watson, Andrew J.; Wilson, Cara; Wong, Annie P. S.; Xu, Jianping; Yasuda, Ichiro (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-02)
      The Argo Program has been implemented and sustained for almost two decades, as a global array of about 4000 profiling floats. Argo provides continuous observations of ocean temperature and salinity versus pressure, from ...
    • Structure and variability of the North Icelandic Jet from two years of mooring data 

      Huang, Jie; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Héðinn; Lin, Peigen; Spall, Michael A.; Xu, Fanghua (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-04)
      Mooring data from September 2011 to July 2013 on the Iceland slope north of Denmark Strait are analyzed to better understand the structure and variability of the North Icelandic Jet (NIJ). Three basic configurations of the ...
    • Ocean observations in support of studies and forecasts of tropical and extratropical cyclones 

      Domingues, Ricardo; Kuwano-Yoshida, Akira; Chardon-Maldonado, Patricia; Todd, Robert E.; Halliwell, George R.; Kim, Hyun-Sook; Lin, I.-I.; Sato, Katsufumi; Narazaki, Tomoko; Shay, Lynn Keith; Miles, Travis; Glenn, Scott; Zhang, Jun A.; Jayne, Steven R.; Centurioni, Luca R.; Le Hénaff, Matthieu; Foltz, Gregory R.; Bringas, Francis; Ali, M. M.; DiMarco, Steven F.; Hosoda, Shigeki; Fukuoka, Takuya; LaCour, Benjamin; Mehra, Avichal; Sanabia, Elizabeth; Gyakum, John R.; Dong, Jili; Knaff, John A.; Goni, Gustavo J. (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-29)
      Over the past decade, measurements from the climate-oriented ocean observing system have been key to advancing the understanding of extreme weather events that originate and intensify over the ocean, such as tropical ...
    • Inorganic carbon and pCO(2) variability during ice formation in the Beaufort Gyre of the Canada Basin. 

      DeGrandpre, Michael D.; Lai, Chun-Ze; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Krishfield, Richard A.; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Torres, Daniel J. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-05-07)
      Solute exclusion during sea ice formation is a potentially important contributor to the Arctic Ocean inorganic carbon cycle that could increase as ice cover diminishes. When ice forms, solutes are excluded from the ice ...
    • Air-sea fluxes with a focus on heat and momentum 

      Cronin, Meghan F.; Gentemann, Chelle L.; Edson, James B.; Ueki, Iwao; Bourassa, Mark A.; Brown, Shannon; Clayson, Carol A.; Fairall, Christopher W.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Gille, Sarah T.; Gulev, Sergey; Josey, Simon A.; Kato, Seiji; Katsumata, Masaki; Kent, Elizabeth; Krug, Marjolaine; Minnett, Peter J.; Parfitt, Rhys; Pinker, Rachel T.; Stackhouse, Paul W., Jr.; Swart, Sebastiaan; Tomita, Hiroyuki; Vandemark, Douglas; Weller, Robert A.; Yoneyama, Kunio; Yu, Lisan; Zhang, Dongxiao (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-31)
      Turbulent and radiative exchanges of heat between the ocean and atmosphere (hereafter heat fluxes), ocean surface wind stress, and state variables used to estimate them, are Essential Ocean Variables (EOVs) and Essential ...
    • Investigating subsurface pathways of Fukushima cesium in the Northwest Pacific 

      Cedarholm, Ella R.; Rypina, Irina I.; Macdonald, Alison M.; Yoshida, Sachiko (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-18)
      Advective pathways for Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP)‐derived cesium observed in 2013 at 166°E south of the Kuroshio Extension (KE) at >500 m on the 26.5σθ isopycnal are investigated. Attention is paid to ...
    • Equatorial ocean dynamics impacting upwelling west of the Galápagos Archipelago 

      Jakoboski, Julie K. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-09)
      The Galápagos Cold Pool (GCP) is a region of anomalously cold sea surface temperature (SST) just west of the Galápagos Archipelago. Modeling studies have shown that the GCP is maintained by wind- and current-driven upwelling. ...
    • The scientific and societal uses of global measurements of subsurface velocity 

      Szuts, Zoltan B.; Bower, Amy S.; Donohue, Kathleen A.; Girton, James B.; Hummon, Julia M.; Katsumata, Katsuro; Lumpkin, Rick; Ortner, Peter B.; Phillips, Helen E.; Rossby, H. Thomas; Shay, Lynn Keith; Sun, Charles; Todd, Robert E. (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-24)
      Ocean velocity defines ocean circulation, yet the available observations of subsurface velocity are under-utilized by society. The first step to address these concerns is to improve visibility of and access to existing ...
    • The winds and currents mission concept 

      Rodríguez, Ernesto; Bourassa, Mark A.; Chelton, Dudley B.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Long, David; Perkovic-Martin, Dragana; Samelson, Roger M. (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-24)
      The Winds and Currents Mission (WaCM) is a proposed approach to meet the need identified by the NRC Decadal Survey for the simultaneous measurements of ocean vector winds and currents. WaCM features a Ka-band pencil-beam ...
    • Towards comprehensive observing and modeling systems for monitoring and predicting regional to coastal sea level 

      Ponte, Rui M.; Carson, Mark; Cirano, Mauro; Domingues, Catia M.; Jevrejeva, Svetlana; Marcos, Marta; Mitchum, Gary; van de Wal, Roderik S.W.; Woodworth, Philip L.; Ablain, Michaël; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Ballu, Valerie; Becker, Mélanie; Benveniste, Jérôme; Birol, Florence; Bradshaw, Elizabeth; Cazenave, Anny; De Mey-Frémaux, Pierre; Durand, Fabien; Ezer, Tal; Fu, Lee-Lueng; Fukumori, Ichiro; Gordon, Kathy; Gravelle, Médéric; Griffies, Stephen M.; Han, Weiqing; Hibbert, Angela; Hughes, Chris W.; Idier, Deborah; Kourafalou, Villy H.; Little, Christopher M.; Matthews, Andrew; Melet, Angelique; Merrifield, Mark; Meyssignac, Benoit; Minobe, Shoshiro; Penduff, Thierry; Picot, Nicolas; Piecuch, Christopher G.; Ray, Richard D.; Rickards, Lesley; Santamaría-Gómez, Alvaro; Stammer, Detlef; Staneva, Joanna; Testut, Laurent; Thompson, Keith; Thompson, Philip; Vignudelli, Stefano; Williams, Joanne; Williams, Simon D. P.; Wöppelmann, Guy; Zanna, Laure; Zhang, Xuebin (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-25)
      A major challenge for managing impacts and implementing effective mitigation measures and adaptation strategies for coastal zones affected by future sea level (SL) rise is our limited capacity to predict SL change at the ...
    • Rapid intensification of Typhoon Hato (2017) over shallow water 

      Pun, Iam-Fei; Chan, Johnny C. L.; Lin, I.-I.; Chan, Kelvin T. F.; Price, James F.; Ko, Dong S.; Lien, Chun-Chi; Wu, Yu-Lun; Huang, Hsiao-Ching (MDPI, 2019-07-06)
      On 23 August, 2017, Typhoon Hato rapidly intensified by 10 kt within 3 h just prior to landfall in the city of Macau along the South China coast. Hato’s surface winds in excess of 50 m s−1 devastated the city, causing ...