Now showing items 1-20 of 1865

    • POWER-US Workshop Final Report on Offshore Wind Energy and Passive Acoustic Monitoring: Establishing Standards for Operational Real-time Systems 

      POWER-US, / (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-11-21)
      Real-time autonomous Passive Acoustic Monitoring systems (real-time PAMS) have the ability to detect marine mammal species, including the North Atlantic Right Whale, and provide notification of their presence. This workshop, ...
    • High Frequency Radar Wind Turbine Interference Community Working Group Report 

      Kirincich, Anthony R.; Cahl, Douglas; Emery, Brian; Kosro, Mike; Roarty, Hugh; Trockel, Dale; Washburn, Libe; Whelan, Chad (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-06)
      Land-based High Frequency (HF) Radars provide critically important observations of the coastal ocean that will be adversely affected by the spinning blades of utility-scale wind turbines. Pathways to mitigate the interference ...
    • Global estimates of the energy transfer from the wind to the ocean, with emphasis on near-inertial oscillations 

      Flexas, M. Mar; Thompson, Andrew F.; Torres, Hector S.; Klein, Patrice; Farrar, J. Thomas; Zhang, Hong; Menemenlis, Dimitris (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-03)
      Estimates of the kinetic energy transfer from the wind to the ocean are often limited by the spatial and temporal resolution of surface currents and surface winds. Here we examine the wind work in a pair of global, very ...
    • Lagrangian views of the pathways of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 

      Bower, Amy S.; Lozier, M. Susan; Biastoch, Arne; Drouin, Kimberley L; Foukal, Nicholas P.; Furey, Heather H.; Lankhorst, Matthias; Rühs, Siren; Zou, Sijia (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-19)
      The Lagrangian method—where current location and intensity are determined by tracking the movement of flow along its path—is the oldest technique for measuring the ocean circulation. For centuries, mariners used compilations ...
    • Improving surface current resolution using direction finding algorithms for multiantenna high-frequency radars 

      Kirincich, Anthony R.; Emery, Brian; Washburn, Libe; Flament, Pierre J. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-10-11)
      While land-based high-frequency (HF) radars are the only instruments capable of resolving both the temporal and spatial variability of surface currents in the coastal ocean, recent high-resolution views suggest that the ...
    • Multiscale multiphysics data-informed modeling for three-dimensional ocean acoustic simulation and prediction 

      Duda, Timothy F.; Lin, Ying-Tsong; Newhall, Arthur E.; Helfrich, Karl R.; Lynch, James F.; Zhang, Weifeng G.; Lermusiaux, Pierre F. J.; Wilkin, John L. (Acoustical Society of America, 2019-09-30)
      Three-dimensional (3D) underwater sound field computations have been used for a few decades to understand sound propagation effects above sloped seabeds and in areas with strong 3D temperature and salinity variations. For ...
    • Observational needs supporting marine ecosystems modeling and forecasting: from the global ocean to regional and coastal systems 

      Capotondi, Antonietta; Jacox, Michael; Bowler, Chris; Kavanaugh, Maria T.; Lehodey, Patrick; Barrie, Daniel; Brodie, Stephanie; Chaffron, Samuel; Cheng, Wei; Dias, Daniela F.; Eveillard, Damien; Guidi, Lionel; Iudicone, Daniele; Lovenduski, Nicole S.; Nye, Janet A.; Ortiz, Ivonne; Pirhalla, Douglas; Pozo Buil, Mercedes; Saba, Vincent S.; Sheridan, Scott; Siedlecki, Samantha A.; Subramanian, Aneesh C.; de Vargas, Colomban; Di Lorenzo, Emanuele; Doney, Scott C.; Hermann, Albert J.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Merrifield, Mark; Miller, Arthur J.; Not, Fabrice; Pesant, Stephane (Frontiers Media, 2019-10-15)
      Many coastal areas host rich marine ecosystems and are also centers of economic activities, including fishing, shipping and recreation. Due to the socioeconomic and ecological importance of these areas, predicting relevant ...
    • Surface heat fluxes over the northern Arabian Gulf and the northern Red Sea: Evaluation of ECMWF-ERA5 and NASA-MERRA2 reanalyses 

      Al Senafi, Fahad; Anis, Ayal; Menezes, Viviane V. (MDPI, 2019-08-28)
      The air–sea heat fluxes in marginal seas and under extreme weather conditions constitute an essential source for energy transport and mixing dynamics. To reproduce these effects in numerical models, we need a better ...
    • OceanGliders: A component of the integrated GOOS 

      Testor, Pierre; de Young, Brad; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Glenn, Scott; Hayes, Daniel J.; Lee, Craig M.; Pattiaratchi, Charitha; Hill, Katherine Louise; Heslop, Emma; Turpin, Victor; Alenius, Pekka; Barrera, Carlos; Barth, John A.; Beaird, Nicholas; Bécu, Guislain; Bosse, Anthony; Bourrin, François; Brearley, J. Alexander; Chao, Yi; Chen, Sue; Chiggiato, Jacopo; Coppola, Laurent; Crout, Richard; Cummings, James A.; Curry, Beth; Curry, Ruth G.; Davis, Richard F.; Desai, Kruti; DiMarco, Steven F.; Edwards, Catherine; Fielding, Sophie; Fer, Ilker; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Gildor, Hezi; Goni, Gustavo J.; Gutierrez, Dimitri; Haugan, Peter M.; Hebert, David; Heiderich, Joleen; Henson, Stephanie A.; Heywood, Karen J.; Hogan, Patrick; Houpert, Loïc; Huh, Sik; Inall, Mark E.; Ishii, Masao; Ito, Shin-ichi; Itoh, Sachihiko; Jan, Sen; Kaiser, Jan; Karstensen, Johannes; Kirkpatrick, Barbara; Klymak, Jody M.; Kohut, Josh; Krahmann, Gerd; Krug, Marjolaine; McClatchie, Sam; Marin, Frédéric; Mauri, Elena; Mehra, Avichal; Meredith, Michael P.; Meunier, Thomas; Miles, Travis; Morell, Julio M.; Mortier, Laurent; Nicholson, Sarah; O'Callaghan, Joanne; O'Conchubhair, Diarmuid; Oke, Peter; Pallàs-Sanz, Enric; Palmer, Matthew D.; Park, Jong Jin; Perivoliotis, Leonidas; Poulain, Pierre Marie; Perry, Ruth; Queste, Bastien; Rainville, Luc; Rehm, Eric; Roughan, Moninya; Rome, Nicholas; Ross, Tetjana; Ruiz, Simon; Saba, Grace; Schaeffer, Amandine; Schönau, Martha; Schroeder, Katrin; Shimizu, Yugo; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Smeed, David A.; Snowden, Derrick; Song, Yumi; Swart, Sebastiaan; Tenreiro, Miguel; Thompson, Andrew; Tintore, Joaquin; Todd, Robert E.; Toro, Cesar; Venables, Hugh J.; Wagawa, Taku; Waterman, Stephanie N.; Watlington, Roy A.; Wilson, Doug (Frontiers Media, 2019-10-02)
      The OceanGliders program started in 2016 to support active coordination and enhancement of global glider activity. OceanGliders contributes to the international efforts of the Global Ocean Observation System (GOOS) for ...
    • The emergence of the North Icelandic Jet and its evolution from northeast Iceland to Denmark Strait 

      Semper, Stefanie; Våge, Kjetil; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Héðinn; Torres, Daniel J.; Jónsson, Steingrímur (American Meteorological Society, 2019-09-19)
      The North Icelandic Jet (NIJ) is an important source of dense water to the overflow plume passing through Denmark Strait. The properties, structure, and transport of the NIJ are investigated for the first time along its ...
    • Pseudo-nitzschia bloom dynamics in the Gulf of Maine: 2012-2016 

      Clark, Suzanna; Hubbard, Katherine A.; Anderson, Donald M.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Ralston, David K.; Townsend, David W. (Elsevier, 2019-08-19)
      The toxic diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia is a growing presence in the Gulf of Maine (GOM), where regionally unprecedented levels of domoic acid (DA) in 2016 led to the first Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning closures in the region. ...
    • Advancing observation of ocean biogeochemistry, biology, and ecosystems with cost-effective in situ sensing technologies 

      Wang, Zhaohui Aleck; Moustahfid, Hassan; Mueller, Amy V.; Michel, Anna P. M.; Mowlem, Matthew; Glazer, Brian T.; Mooney, T. Aran; Michaels, William; McQuillan, Jonathan S.; Robidart, Julie; Churchill, James H.; Sourisseau, Marc; Daniel, Anne; Schaap, Allison; Monk, Sam; Friedman, Kim; Brehmer, Patrice (Frontiers Media, 2019-09-12)
      Advancing our understanding of ocean biogeochemistry, biology, and ecosystems relies on the ability to make observations both in the ocean and at the critical boundaries between the ocean and other earth systems at relevant ...
    • Oleander is more than a flower twenty-five years of oceanography aboard a merchant vessel 

      Rossby, H. Thomas; Flagg, Charles Noel; Donohue, Kathleen A.; Fontana, Sandra; Curry, Ruth G.; Andres, Magdalena; Forsyth, Jacob S. T. (Oceanography Society, 2019-09-05)
      Since late fall 1992, CMV Oleander III has been measuring upper ocean currents during its weekly trips between Bermuda and Port Elizabeth, New Jersey, by means of an acoustic Doppler current profiler installed in its hull. ...
    • Blocking statistics in a varying climate: Lessons from a "traffic jam" model with pseudostochastic forcing 

      Paradise, Adiv; Rocha, Cesar B.; Barpanda, Pragallva; Nakamura, Noboru (American Meteorological Society, 2019-09-12)
      Recently Nakamura and Huang proposed a semiempirical, one-dimensional model of atmospheric blocking based on the observed budget of local wave activity in the boreal winter. The model dynamics is akin to that of traffic ...
    • The effect of beta on the downstream development of unstable, chaotic baroclinic waves 

      Pedlosky, Joseph (American Meteorological Society, 2019-08-30)
      The weakly unstable, two-layer model of baroclinic instability is studied in a configuration in which the flow is perturbed at the inflow section of a channel by a slow and periodic perturbation. In a parameter regime where ...
    • Diurnal surface flux variability over western boundary currents 

      Clayson, Carol A.; Edson, James B. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-17)
      An analysis of a satellite ocean surface turbulent flux product demonstrated that, as expected, the western boundary current regions dominate the seasonal cycle amplitude. Surprisingly, our analysis of the global ocean ...
    • Adequacy of the ocean observation system for quantifying regional heat and freshwater storage and change 

      Palmer, Matthew D.; Durack, Paul J.; Chidichimo, Maria Paz; Church, John A.; Cravatte, Sophie; Hill, Katherine Louise; Johannessen, Johnny A.; Karstensen, Johannes; Lee, Tong; Legler, David; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Oka, Eitarou; Purkey, Sarah G.; Rabe, Benjamin; Sallee, Jean-Baptiste; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Speich, Sabrina; von Schuckmann, Karina; Willis, Josh; Wijffels, Susan E. (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-29)
      Considerable advances in the global ocean observing system over the last two decades offers an opportunity to provide more quantitative information on changes in heat and freshwater storage. Variations in these storage ...
    • Measuring global ocean heat content to estimate the Earth energy Imbalance 

      Meyssignac, Benoit; Boyer, Tim; Zhao, Zhongxiang; Hakuba, Maria Z.; Landerer, Felix; Stammer, Detlef; Kohl, Armin; Kato, Seiji; L’Ecuyer, Tristan S.; Ablain, Michaël; Abraham, John Patrick; Blazquez, Alejandro; Cazenave, Anny; Church, John A.; Cowley, Rebecca; Cheng, Lijing; Domingues, Catia M.; Giglio, Donata; Gouretski, Viktor; Ishii, Masayoshi; Johnson, Gregory C.; Killick, Rachel E.; Legler, David; Llovel, William; Lyman, John; Palmer, Matthew D.; Piotrowicz, Stephen R.; Purkey, Sarah G.; Roemmich, Dean; Roca, Rémy; Savita, Abhishek; von Schuckmann, Karina; Speich, Sabrina; Stephens, Graeme; Wang, Gongjie; Wijffels, Susan E.; Zilberman, Nathalie (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-20)
      The energy radiated by the Earth toward space does not compensate the incoming radiation from the Sun leading to a small positive energy imbalance at the top of the atmosphere (0.4–1 Wm–2). This imbalance is coined Earth’s ...
    • Ice nucleating particles carried from below a phytoplankton bloom to the arctic atmosphere 

      Creamean, Jessie M.; Cross, Jessica N.; Pickart, Robert S.; McRaven, Leah T.; Lin, Peigen; Pacini, Astrid; Hanlon, Roger T.; Schmale, David; Ceniceros, Julio; Aydell, Taylor; Colombi, N.; Bolger, Emily; DeMott, Paul (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-15)
      As Arctic temperatures rise at twice the global rate, sea ice is diminishing more quickly than models can predict. Processes that dictate Arctic cloud formation and impacts on the atmospheric energy budget are poorly ...
    • Global in situ observations of essential climate and ocean variables at the air-sea interface 

      Centurioni, Luca R.; Turton, Jon; Lumpkin, Rick; Braasch, Lancelot; Brassington, Gary; Chao, Yi; Charpentier, Etienne; Chen, Zhaohui; Corlett, Gary; Dohan, Kathleen; Donlon, Craig; Gallage, Champika; Hormann, Verena; Ignatov, Alexander; Ingleby, Bruce; Jensen, Robert; Kelly-Gerreyn, Boris A.; Koszalka, Inga M.; Lin, Xiaopei; Lindstrom, Eric; Maximenko, Nikolai; Merchant, Christopher J.; Minnett, Peter J.; O’Carroll, Anne; Paluszkiewicz, Theresa; Poli, Paul; Poulain, Pierre Marie; Reverdin, Gilles; Sun, Xiujun; Swail, Val; Thurston, Sidney; Wu, Lixin; Yu, Lisan; Wang, Bin; Zhang, Dongxiao (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-25)
      The air–sea interface is a key gateway in the Earth system. It is where the atmosphere sets the ocean in motion, climate/weather-relevant air–sea processes occur, and pollutants (i.e., plastic, anthropogenic carbon dioxide, ...