Now showing items 1-20 of 24

    • Abrupt transitions and hysteresis in thermohaline laboratory models 

      Whitehead, John A. (American Meteorological Society, 2009-05)
      As a driving parameter is slowly altered, thermohaline ocean circulation models show either a smooth evolution of a mode of flow or an abrupt transition of temperature and salinity fields from one mode to another. An abrupt ...
    • Accelerated freshening of Antarctic Bottom Water over the last decade in the Southern Indian Ocean 

      Menezes, Viviane V.; Macdonald, Alison M.; Schatzman, Courtney (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2017-01-25)
      Southern Ocean abyssal waters, in contact with the atmosphere at their formation sites around Antarctica, not only bring signals of a changing climate with them as they move around the globe but also contribute to that ...
    • Analysis of flow within the coastal boundary layer off Long Island, New York 

      Churchill, James H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-04)
      From 1974 through 1978 a series of intensive measurements were made in the coastal waters within 12 km of Long Island. The data were derived from two sources: a mooring array from which time series of temperature, ...
    • Centennial changes of the global water cycle in CMIP5 models 

      Levang, Samuel J.; Schmitt, Raymond W. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-08-15)
      The global water cycle is predicted to intensify under various greenhouse gas emissions scenarios. Here the nature and strength of the expected changes for the ocean in the coming century are assessed by examining the ...
    • EcoMapper operations---KN209-1 

      Hodges, Benjamin A.; Fratantoni, David M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2012-12)
      This report describes the collection of water property data from EcoMapper AUVs during the R/V Knorr 209-1 cruise as part of the SPURS (Salinity Processes Upper-ocean Regional Study) project. Post-processing was required ...
    • Eddies in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, observed from ice-tethered profilers 

      Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Toole, John M.; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Krishfield, Richard A.; Plueddemann, Albert J. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-01)
      Five ice-tethered profilers (ITPs), deployed between 2004 and 2006, have provided detailed potential temperature θ and salinity S profiles from 21 anticyclonic eddy encounters in the central Canada Basin of the Arctic ...
    • The global ocean water cycle in atmospheric reanalysis, satellite, and ocean salinity 

      Yu, Lisan; Jin, Xiangze; Josey, Simon A.; Lee, Tong; Kumar, Arun; Wen, Caihong; Xue, Yan (American Meteorological Society, 2017-05-02)
      This study provides an assessment of the uncertainty in ocean surface (OS) freshwater budgets and variability using evaporation E and precipitation P from 10 atmospheric reanalyses, two combined satellite-based E − P ...
    • Hydrographic data from warm core ring 82-B 

      Stalcup, Marvel C.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Barbour, R. Lorraine; Dunworth, Jane A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985-07)
      Hydrographic data are presented from three cruises to Warm Core Ring 82-B during April-August 1982. These data include a sampling of the 2 db pressure, temperature, salinity and oxygen measurements obtained with a CTD-02 ...
    • Hydrographic station data obtained in the vicinity of Georges Bank, May and August, 1976 

      Limeburner, Richard; Vermersch, John A.; Beardsley, Robert C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-08)
      Two extended cruises were made during May and August, 1976, to measure the regional hydrographic structure in the vicinity of Georges Bank on the New England Continental Shelf. A summary of the hydrographic observations ...
    • Implications of North Atlantic sea surface salinity for summer precipitation over the U.S. Midwest : mechanisms and predictive value 

      Li, Laifang; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Karnauskas, Kristopher B. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-04-19)
      Moisture originating from the subtropical North Atlantic feeds precipitation throughout the Western Hemisphere. This ocean-to-land moisture transport leaves its imprint on sea surface salinity (SSS), enabling SSS over the ...
    • Mechanisms and variability of salt transport in partially-stratified estuaries 

      Bowen, Melissa M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2000-02)
      The variability of salt transport determines the variation of the length of the salinity intrusion and the large-scale density gradient in an estuary. This thesis contains three studies that address salt transport and ...
    • Note on the vertical velocity and diffusive salt flux induced by evaporation and precipitation 

      Warren, Bruce A. (American Meteorological Society, 2009-10)
      Some (not all) of the oceanographic literature slightly miscalculates the vertical velocity (w) and diffusive salt flux induced by evaporation (E) and precipitation (P) at the sea surface. Short, simple, physical derivations ...
    • The ocean's saltiness and its overturning 

      Cael, B. Barry; Ferrari, Raffaele (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-22)
      Here we explore the relationship between the mean salinity S of the ocean and the strength of its Atlantic and Pacific Meridional Overturning Circulations (AMOC and PMOC). We compare simulations performed with a realistically ...
    • On sea surface salinity skin effect iInduced by evaporation and implications for remote sensing of ocean salinity 

      Yu, Lisan (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
      The existence of a cool and salty sea surface skin under evaporation was first proposed by Saunders in 1967, but few efforts have since been made to perceive the salt component of the skin layer. With two salinity missions ...
    • Progress in the measurement of salinity and oxygen at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 

      Knapp, George P.; Stalcup, Marvel C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1987-01)
      Improvements in the measurement of salinity and dissolved oxygen during the past few years at WHOI have increased the accuracy of salinity observations to +/- 0.001 ppt and that of dissolved oxygen determinations to +/- ...
    • Results of an oxygen/salinity comparison cruise on the R/V Vernadsky : June 27 to July 8, 1991 

      Joyce, Terrence M.; Bacon, Sheldon; Kalashnikov, Pave; Romanov, Alexander; Stalcup, Marvel C.; Zaburdaev, Vladimir (WOCE Hydrographic Programme Offce, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-07)
      This report summarizes the work, under the auspices of the WOCE Hydrographic Programme (WHP), which took place on the R/V Akademik Vernadsky in June-July 1991. The goal of the exercise was an international comparison/training ...
    • Sensor corrections for Sea-Bird SBE-41CP and SBE-41 CTDs 

      Johnson, Gregory C.; Toole, John M.; Larson, Nordeen G. (American Meteorological Society, 2007-06)
      Sensor response corrections for two models of Sea-Bird Electronics, Inc., conductivity–temperature–depth (CTD) instruments (the SBE-41CP and SBE-41) designed for low-energy profiling applications were estimated and applied ...
    • Slope water intrusions within the nearshore waters off Long Island, New York 

      Churchill, James H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-04)
      From 1974 through 1978 intensive measurements were made of the salinity, temperature and current structure of the waters within 12 km of the Southern Long Island coastline. The data were derived from two sources: a mooring ...
    • Spatial and temporal variability of tide-induced salt flux in a partially mixed estuary 

      Engel, Patricia A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2009-09)
      Mechanisms for the tidal component of salt flux in the Hudson River estuary are investigated using a 3D numerical model. Variations with river discharge, fortnightly tidal forcing, and along channel variability are ...
    • Surface and bottom temperature and salinity climatology along the continental shelf off the Canadian and U.S. East Coasts 

      Richaud, Benjamin; Kwon, Young-Oh; Joyce, Terrence M.; Fratantoni, Paula S.; Lentz, Steven J. (Elsevier, 2016-06-15)
      A new hydrographic climatology has been created for the continental shelf region, extending from the Labrador shelf to the Mid-Atlantic Bight. The 0.2-degree climatology combines all available observations of surface and ...