Now showing items 662-681 of 1334

    • Manifestation of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation in the Kuroshio 

      Andres, Magdalena; Park, Jae-Hun; Wimbush, Mark; Zhu, Xiao-Hua; Nakamura, Hirohiko; Kim, Kuh; Chang, Kyung-Il (American Geophysical Union, 2009-08-28)
      Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) index is strongly correlated with vertically integrated transport carried by the Kuroshio through the East China Sea (ECS). Transport was determined from satellite altimetry calibrated ...
    • Mapping turbulent diffusivity associated with oceanic internal lee waves offshore Costa Rica 

      Fortin, Will F. J.; Holbrook, W. Steven; Schmitt, Raymond W. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2016-04-26)
      Breaking internal waves play a primary role in maintaining the meridional overturning circulation. Oceanic lee waves are known to be a significant contributor to diapycnal mixing associated with internal wave dissipation, ...
    • Marginal sea overflows and the upper ocean interaction 

      Kida, Shinichiro; Yang, Jiayan; Price, James F. (American Meteorological Society, 2009-02)
      Marginal sea overflows and the overlying upper ocean are coupled in the vertical by two distinct mechanisms—by an interfacial mass flux from the upper ocean to the overflow layer that accompanies entrainment and by a ...
    • The Marine light - mixed layer experiment cruise and data report, R/V Endeavor : cruise EN-224, mooring deployment, 27 April-1 May 1991, cruise EN-227, mooring recovery, 5-23 September 1991 

      Plueddemann, Albert J.; Weller, Robert A.; Dickey, Thomas D.; Marra, John F.; Tupper, George H.; Way, Bryan S.; Ostrom, William M.; Bouchard, Paul R.; Oien, Andrea L.; Galbraith, Nancy R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1993-05)
      The Marine Light - Mixed Layer experiment took place in the sub-Arctic North Atlantic ocean, approximately 275 miles south of Reykjavik, Iceland. The field program included a central surface mooring to document the temporal ...
    • Maritime Aerosol Network as a component of Aerosol Robotic Network 

      Smirnov, A.; Holben, B. N.; Slutsker, I.; Giles, D. M.; McClain, C. R.; Eck, T. F.; Sakerin, S. M.; Macke, A.; Croot, P.; Zibordi, G.; Quinn, P. K.; Sciare, J.; Kinne, S.; Harvey, Mike J.; Smyth, Tim J.; Piketh, S.; Zielinski, T.; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Goes, J. I.; Nelson, N. B.; Larouche, P.; Radionov, V. F.; Goloub, P.; Moorthy, K. Krishna; Matarrese, R.; Robertson, E. J.; Jourdin, F. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-03-21)
      The paper presents the current status of the Maritime Aerosol Network (MAN), which has been developed as a component of the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET). MAN deploys Microtops handheld Sun photometers and utilizes the ...
    • Mass, heat and nutrient fluxes in the Atlantic Ocean determined by inverse methods 

      Rintoul, Stephen R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-03)
      Inverse methods are applied to historical hydrographic data to address two aspects of the general circulation of the Atlantic Ocean. The method allows conservation statements for mass and other properties, along with a ...
    • Mass, heat, oxygen and nutrient fluxes at 30°S and their implications for the Pacific-Indian through flow and the global heat budget 

      Macdonald, Alison M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1991-07)
      Six hydrographic basinwide sections, two in each of the three major ocean basins, are employed in a set of inverse calculations to determine the extent of exchange between the Pacific and Indian Oceans through the ...
    • Mass-induced sea level change in the northwestern North Pacific and its contribution to total sea level change 

      Cheng, Xuhua; Li, Lijuan; Du, Yan; Wang, Jing; Huang, Rui Xin (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-08-02)
      Over the period 2003–2011, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite pair revealed a remarkable variability in mass-induced sea surface height (MSSH) in the northwestern North Pacific. A significant ...
    • The mean age of ocean waters inferred from radiocarbon observations : sensitivity to surface sources and accounting for mixing histories 

      Gebbie, Geoffrey A.; Huybers, Peter (American Meteorological Society, 2012-02)
      A number of previous observational studies have found that the waters of the deep Pacific Ocean have an age, or elapsed time since contact with the surface, of 700–1000 yr. Numerical models suggest ages twice as old. Here, ...
    • The mean along-isobath heat and salt balances over the Middle Atlantic Bight continental shelf 

      Lentz, Steven J. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-05)
      The mean heat and salt balances over the Middle Atlantic Bight continental shelf are investigated by testing the hypothesis that surface fluxes of heat or freshwater are balanced by along-isobath fluxes resulting from the ...
    • Mean biases, variability, and trends in air–sea fluxes and sea surface temperature in the CCSM4 

      Bates, Susan C.; Fox-Kemper, Baylor; Jayne, Steven R.; Large, William G.; Stevenson, Samantha; Yeager, Stephen G. (American Meteorological Society, 2012-11-15)
      Air–sea fluxes from the Community Climate System Model version 4 (CCSM4) are compared with the Coordinated Ocean-Ice Reference Experiment (CORE) dataset to assess present-day mean biases, variability errors, and late ...
    • Mean circulation in the coastal ocean off northeastern North America from a regional-scale ocean model 

      Chen, Ke; He, Ruoying (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2015-07-03)
      A regional-scale ocean model was used to hindcast the coastal circulation over the Middle Atlantic Bight (MAB) and Gulf of Maine (GOM) from 2004 to 2013. The model was nested inside a data assimilative global ocean model ...
    • Mean structure and fluctuations of the Kuroshio east of Taiwan from in situ and remote observations 

      Yang, Yiing-Jang; Jan, Sen; Chang, Ming-Huei; Wang, Joe; Mensah, Vigan; Kuo, Tien-Hsia; Tsai, Cheng-Ju; Lee, Chung-Yaung; Andres, Magdalena; Centurioni, Luca R.; Tseng, Yu-Heng; Liang, Wen-Der; Lai, Jian-Wu (The Oceanography Society, 2015-12)
      The Kuroshio is important to climate, weather prediction, and fishery management along the northeast coast of Asia because it transports tremendous heat, salt, and energy from east of the Philippines to waters southeast ...
    • Mean structure and variability of the cold dome northeast of Taiwan 

      Jan, Sen; Chen, Chung-Chi; Tsai, Ya-Ling; Yang, Yiing-Jang; Wang, Joe; Chern, Ching-Sheng; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; Lien, Ren-Chieh; Centurioni, Luca R.; Kuo, Jia-Yu (The Oceanography Society, 2011-12)
      The "cold dome" off northeastern Taiwan is one of the distinctive oceanic features in the seas surrounding Taiwan. The cold dome is important because persistent upwelling makes the region highly biologically productive. ...
    • Mean structure and variability of the Kuroshio from northeastern Taiwan to southwestern Japan 

      Andres, Magdalena; Jan, Sen; Sanford, Thomas B.; Mensah, Vigan; Centurioni, Luca R.; Book, Jeffrey W. (The Oceanography Society, 2015-12)
      In the subtropical western North Pacific Ocean, the Kuroshio delivers heat, salt, and momentum poleward, much like its North Atlantic analog, the Gulf Stream. Though the Kuroshio generally flows along the western boundary ...
    • Measurements and models of fine-structure, internal gravity waves and wave breaking in the deep ocean 

      Eriksen, Charles C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1976-09)
      Measurements of horizontal and vertical current by propeller cluster current meters and temperature by thermistors mounted on a rigid array 8 m high and 20 m long moored in the oceanic main thermocline near Bermuda are ...
    • Measurements of momentum and heat transfer across the air–sea interface 

      Gerbi, Gregory P.; Trowbridge, John H.; Edson, James B.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Terray, Eugene A.; Fredericks, Janet J. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-05)
      This study makes direct measurements of turbulent fluxes in the mixed layer in order to close heat and momentum budgets across the air–sea interface and to assess the ability of rigid-boundary turbulence models to predict ...
    • Measurements of shoaling internal waves and turbulence in an estuary 

      Richards, Clark G.; Bourgault, Daniel; Galbraith, Peter S.; Hay, Alex; Kelley, Daniel E. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-01-30)
      The shoaling of horizontally propagating internal waves may represent an important source of mixing and transport in estuaries and coastal seas. Including such effects in numerical models demands improvements in the ...
    • The mechanical energy input to the ocean induced by tropical cyclones 

      Liu, Ling Ling; Wang, Wei; Huang, Rui Xin (American Meteorological Society, 2008-06)
      Wind stress and tidal dissipation are the most important sources of mechanical energy for maintaining the oceanic general circulation. The contribution of mechanical energy due to tropical cyclones can be a vitally important ...
    • Mechanical energy input to the world oceans due to atmospheric loading 

      Wang, Wei; Qian, Chengchun; Huang, Rui Xin (2005-08-02)
      Mechanical energy input to the oceans is one of the most important factors controlling the oceanic general circulation. The atmosphere transports mechanical energy to the oceans primarily through wind stress, plus changes ...