Now showing items 448-467 of 1311

    • Halocline structure in the Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean 

      Shimada, Koji; Itoh, Motoyo; Nishino, Shigeto; McLaughlin, Fiona A.; Carmack, Eddy C.; Proshutinsky, Andrey (American Geophysical Union, 2005-02-05)
      We examine the varieties and spatial distributions of Pacific and Eastern Arctic origin halocline waters in the Canada Basin using 2002–2003 hydrographic data. The halocline structure in the Canada Basin is different from ...
    • Heat and freshwater transport through the central Labrador Sea 

      Straneo, Fiamma (American Meteorological Society, 2006-04)
      The seasonal and interannual variations in the export of Labrador Sea Water (LSW), and in the heat and freshwater transport through the central Labrador Sea, are examined for two different periods: from 1964 to 1974, using ...
    • Heat and salinity budgets at the Stratus mooring in the southeast Pacific 

      Holte, James W.; Straneo, Fiamma; Farrar, J. Thomas; Weller, Robert A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-11-28)
      The surface layer of the southeast Pacific Ocean (SEP) requires an input of cold, fresh water to balance heat gain, and evaporation from air-sea fluxes. Models typically fail to reproduce the cool sea surface temperatures ...
    • Heat and salt balances over the New England continental shelf, August 1996 to June 1997 

      Lentz, Steven J.; Shearman, R. Kipp; Plueddemann, Albert J. (American Geophysical Union, 2010-07-29)
      Heat and salt balances over the New England shelf are examined using 10 month time series of currents, temperature, and salinity from a four element moored array and surface heat and freshwater fluxes from a meteorological ...
    • Heat content of the Arabian Sea Mini Warm Pool is increasing 

      Nagamani, P. V.; Ali, M. M.; Goni, Gustavo J.; Udaya Bhaskar, T. V. S.; McCreary, Julian P.; Weller, Robert A.; Rajeevan, Madhavan Nair; Gopalakrishna, V. V.; Pezzullo, John C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-18)
      Sea surface temperature in the Arabian Sea Mini Warm Pool has been suggested to be one of the factors that affects the Indian summer monsoon. In this paper, we analyze the annual ocean heat content (OHC) of this region ...
    • Heaving modes in the world oceans 

      Huang, Rui Xin (Springer, 2015-03-19)
      Part of climate changes on decadal time scales can be interpreted as the result of adiabatic motions associated with the adjustment of wind-driven circulation, i.e., the heaving of the isopycnal surfaces. Heat content ...
    • The High Resolution Profiler (HRP) : user’s guide and software modifications documentation 

      Montgomery, Ellyn T. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1991-01)
      This report provides a User's Guide for operation of the High Resolution ProfIer (HRP) and documentation of the software structure and recent modifications. The HRP is an instrument that acquires and stores up to 16 types ...
    • High resolution profiler study of deep mixing in the Romanche fracture zone 

      Montgomery, Ellyn T. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1996-10)
      Between November 20 and December 10, 1994, studies of the deep mixing processes in the Romanche Fracture Zone (RFZ) of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge were conducted from the French research vessel N/O le Noroit. Oceanographers ...
    • High-frequency acoustic scattering from turbulent oceanic microstructure : the importance of density fluctuations 

      Lavery, Andone C.; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Stanton, Timothy K. (Acoustical Society of America, 2003-11)
      Acoustic scattering techniques provide a unique and powerful tool to remotely investigate the physical properties of the ocean interior over large spatial and temporal scales. With high-frequency acoustic scattering it is ...
    • High-latitude contribution to global variability of air–sea sensible heat flux 

      Song, Xiangzhou; Yu, Lisan (American Meteorological Society, 2012-05-15)
      The study examined global variability of air–sea sensible heat flux (SHF) from 1980 to 2009 and the large-scale atmospheric and ocean circulations that gave rise to this variability. The contribution of high-latitude ...
    • A high-resolution bathymetry map for the Marguerite Bay and adjacent west Antarctic Peninsula shelf for the Southern Ocean GLOBEC Program 

      Bolmer, S. Thompson; Beardsley, Robert C.; Pudsey, C.; Morris, P.; Wiebe, Peter H.; Hofmann, Eileen E.; Anderson, J.; Maldonado, A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2004-05)
      One objective of the U.S. Southern Ocean Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics (SO GLOBEC) program is to gain a better understanding of the sea floor bathymetry in the program study area. Much of Marguerite Bay and the ...
    • High-speed dynamic soaring 

      Richardson, Philip L. (B2Streamlines.com, 2012-04)
      Dynamic soaring uses the gradient of wind velocity (wind shear) to gain energy for energy-neutral flight. Recently, pilots of radiocontrolled gliders have exploited the wind shear associated with fast winds blowing over ...
    • High-speed robotic albatross : unmanned aerial vehicle powered by dynamic soaring 

      Richardson, Philip L. (B2Streamlines.com, 2012-06)
      Wandering albatrosses exploit the vertical gradient of wind velocity (wind shear) above the ocean to gain energy for long distance dynamic soaring with a typical airspeed of 36 mph. In principle, albatrosses could ...
    • A highly nonlinear coupled mode of decadal variability in a mid-latitude ocean–atmosphere model 

      Kravtsov, Sergey K.; Dewar, William K.; Berloff, Pavel S.; McWilliams, James C.; Ghil, M. (2006-08-10)
      This study examines mid-latitude climate variability in a model that couples turbulent oceanic and atmospheric flows through an active oceanic mixed layer. Intrinsic ocean dynamics of the inertial recirculation regions ...
    • Highly resolved observations and simulations of the ocean response to a hurricane 

      Sanford, Thomas B.; Price, James F.; Girton, James B.; Webb, Douglas C. (American Geophysical Union, 2007-07-07)
      An autonomous, profiling float called EM-APEX was developed to provide a quantitative and comprehensive description of the ocean side of hurricane-ocean interaction. EM-APEX measures temperature, salinity and pressure to ...
    • Horizontal advection, diffusion, and plankton spectra at the sea surface 

      Bracco, Annalisa; Clayton, Sophie A.; Pasquero, Claudia (American Geophysical Union, 2009-02-04)
      Plankton patchiness is ubiquitous in the oceans, and various physical and biological processes have been proposed as its generating mechanisms. However, a coherent statement on the problem is missing, because of both a ...
    • Horizontal and vertical structure of velocity, potential vorticity and energy in the Gulf Stream 

      Hall, Melinda M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985-02)
      From October, 1982 to October, 1983 a current meter mooring reaching from the bottom into the thermocline was deployed for the first time in the Gulf Stream at 68°W. The temperatures, pressures, and velocities at the ...
    • Horizontal density structure and restratification of the Arctic Ocean surface layer 

      Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Cole, Sylvia T.; Toole, John M. (American Meteorological Society, 2012-04)
      Ice-tethered profiler (ITP) measurements from the Arctic Ocean’s Canada Basin indicate an ocean surface layer beneath sea ice with significant horizontal density structure on scales of hundreds of kilometers to the order ...
    • Horizontal eddy energy flux in the world oceans diagnosed from altimetry data 

      Xu, Chi; Shang, Xiao-Dong; Huang, Rui Xin (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-06-17)
      During the propagation of coherent mesoscale eddies, they directly or indirectly induce many effects and interactions at different scales, implying eddies are actually serving as a kind of energy carrier or energy source ...
    • The horizontal mooring : a two-dimensional array, description of the array, components, instrumentation, deployment and recovery operations 

      Trask, Richard P.; Anderson, Steven P.; Way, Bryan S.; Ostrom, William M.; Paul, Walter; Grosenbaugh, Mark A.; Gobat, Jason I.; Weller, Robert A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1999-09)
      A moored two-dimensional array with instrumentation distributed both horizontally and vertically was deployed for 27 days in August 1998 at an 85 meter deep site in Massachusetts Bay near Stellwagon basin. The horizontal ...