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Browsing Physical Oceanography (PO) by Title

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  • Plueddemann, Albert J.; Oien, Andrea L.; Singer, Robin C.; Smith, Stephen P. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-01)
    This report describes the development of a Data Processing Module (DPM) designed for use with an RD Instruments Acoustic Doppler Current Meter (ADCM). The DPM is a self-powered unit in its own pressure case and its use ...
  • Yang, Xiao-Yi; Huang, Rui Xin; Wang, Dong Xiao (American Meteorological Society, 2007-07-15)
    Using 40-yr ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-40) data and in situ observations, the positive trend of Southern Ocean surface wind stress during two recent decades is detected, and its close linkage with spring Antarctic ozone depletion ...
  • Wang, Qi; Huang, Rui Xin (American Meteorological Society, 2005-10)
    A method based on isopycnal trajectory analysis is proposed to quantify the pathways from the subtropics to the Tropics. For a continuous stratified ocean a virtual streamfunction is defined, which can be used to characterize ...
  • Na, Hanna; Kim, Kwang-Yul; Chang, Kyung-Il; Park, Jong Jin; Kim, Kuh; Minobe, Shoshiro (American Geophysical Union, 2012-02-09)
    The upper ocean heat content variability in the East/Japan Sea was investigated using a 40 year temperature and salinity data set from 1968 to 2007. Decadal variability was identified as the dominant mode of variability ...
  • Huang, Rui Xin; Wang, Wei; Liu, Ling Ling (2005-08-17)
    Wind stress energy input to the oceans is the most important source of mechanical energy in maintaining the oceanic general circulation. Previous studies indicate that wind energy input to the Ekman layer and surface waves ...
  • Helfrich, Karl R. (2006-12-18)
    The effect of rotation on the propagation of internal solitary waves is examined. Wave evolution is followed using a new rotating extension of a fully-nonlinear, weakly nonhydrostatic theory for waves in a two-layer ...
  • Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Wijffels, Susan E.; Tilbrook, Bronte; Katsumata, Katsuro; Murata, Akihiko; Macdonald, Alison M. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-10)
    Repeated occupations of two hydrographic sections in the southwest Pacific basin from the 1990s to 2000s track property changes of Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW). The largest property changes—warming, freshening, increase ...
  • Wang, Guihua; Xie, Shang-Ping; Qu, Tangdong; Huang, Rui Xin (American Geophysical Union, 2011-03-01)
    The analysis of an updated monthly climatology of observed temperature and salinity from the U.S. Navy Generalized Digital Environment Model reveals a basin-scale cyclonic circulation over the deep South China Sea (SCS). ...
  • Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Winsor, Peter; Whitehead, John A. (American Meteorological Society, 2005-08)
    The Arctic Ocean likely impacts global climate through its effect on the rate of deep-water formation and the subsequent influence on global thermohaline circulation. Here, the renewal of the deep waters in the isolated ...
  • Qu, Tangdong; Girton, James B.; Whitehead, John A. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-01-10)
    This study examines water property distributions in the deep South China Sea and adjoining Pacific Ocean using all available hydrographic data. Our analysis reveals that below about 1500 m there is a persistent baroclinic ...
  • Huang, Rui Xin (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2011-07-01)
    Spicity is defined as a thermodynamic variable whose isopleths are 'perpendicular“ to those of density in the (T, S) diagram. A new set of Matlab codes are defined based on the following criteria: First, the isopleths of ...
  • Yang, Xiao-Yi; Huang, Rui Xin; Wang, Jia; Wang, Dong Xiao (2008-01-11)
    Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) responds to the surface windstress via two processes, i.e., instant barotropic process and delayed baroclinic process. This study focuses on the baroclinic instability mechanism in ACC. ...
  • Spall, Michael A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-05-17)
    Basic constraints on the dense water formation rate and circulation resulting from cooling around an island are discussed. The domain under consideration consists of an island surrounded by a shelf, a continental slope, ...
  • Krishfield, Richard A.; Doherty, Kenneth W.; Frye, Daniel E.; Hammar, Terence R.; Kemp, John N.; Peters, Donald B.; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Toole, John M.; von der Heydt, Keith (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2006-06)
    An automated, easily-deployed Ice-Tethered Profiler (ITP) has been developed for deployment on perennial sea ice in polar oceans to measure changes in upper ocean temperature and salinity in all seasons. The ITP system ...
  • Payne, Richard E. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1994-11)
    A modified version of the Eppley PSP pyranometer has been designed for use on ships and moored buoys. Seventeen have been built by the Eppley Laboratory for the Upper Ocean Processes Group and deployed on buoys in the ...
  • Freitag, Lee E.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Merriam, Steve (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1993-06)
    This report contains the results of a design study for a surface scanning sonar instrument capable of long-term deployment on ocean moorings. The instrument is intended to sample the bubble field just below the ocean's ...
  • Comiso, Josefino C.; Yang, Jiayan; Honjo, Susumu; Krishfield, Richard A. (American Geophysical Union, 2003-12-24)
    The decade of the 1990s was the warmest decade of the last century, while the year 1998 was the warmest year ever observed by modern techniques, with 9 out of 12 months of the year being the warmest months. Satellite ice ...
  • Chereskin, Teresa K. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-08)
    The development of nonlinear surface and internal wave groups is investigated. Surface wave evolution was observed in an unusually long wave channel as a function of steepness and group length. Dissipation and frequency ...
  • Chen, Ke; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; Lentz, Steven J.; Bane, John M. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-01-13)
    The temperature in the coastal ocean off the northeastern U.S. during the first half of 2012 was anomalously warm, and this resulted in major impacts on the marine ecosystem and commercial fisheries. Understanding the ...
  • Wang, Caixia (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1999-06)
    The linkage between physics and biology is studied by applying a one-dimensional model and a two-dimensional model to the Sargasso Sea and the Gulf of Maine- Georges Bank region, respectively. The first model investigates ...

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