Now showing items 111-130 of 1383

    • CABARET in the ocean gyres 

      Karabasov, S. A.; Berloff, Pavel S.; Goloviznin, V. M. (2009-06)
      A new high-resolution Eulerian numerical method is proposed for modelling quasigeostrophic ocean dynamics in eddying regimes. The method is based on a novel, second-order non-dissipative and lowdispersive conservative ...
    • Calculating Reynolds stresses from ADCP measurements in the presence of surface gravity waves using the cospectra-fit method 

      Kirincich, Anthony R.; Lentz, Steven J.; Gerbi, Gregory P. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-05)
      Recently, the velocity observations of acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) have been successfully used to estimate turbulent Reynolds stresses in estuaries and tidal channels. However, the presence of surface gravity ...
    • Calibration history of some Rotronic MP-100 and Vaisala Humicap relative humidity sensors 

      Payne, Richard E. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1994-09)
      An analysis has been made of the calibrations done during 1990 through 1994 on Rotronic MP- 100 relative humidity sensors (used in the Improved METeorological (IMET) system and sensors built at the Woods Hole Oceanographic ...
    • Can Australian multiyear droughts and wet spells be generated in the absence of oceanic variability? 

      Taschetto, Andrea S.; Sen Gupta, Alexander; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; England, Matthew H. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-08-19)
      Anomalous conditions in the tropical oceans, such as those related to El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Indian Ocean dipole, have been previously blamed for extended droughts and wet periods in Australia. Yet the extent ...
    • The Canary Basin contribution to the seasonal cycle of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26°N 

      Perez-Hernandez, M. Dolores; McCarthy, Gerard D.; Velez-Belchi, Pedro; Smeed, David A.; Fraile-Nuez, Eugenio; Hernandez-Guerra, Alonso (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-07)
      This study examines the seasonal cycle of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) and its eastern boundary contributions. The cycle has a magnitude of 6 Sv, as measured by the RAPID/MOCHA/WBTS project array ...
    • Caribbean Current and eddies as observed by surface drifters 

      Richardson, Philip L. (2004-11-29)
      Recent satellite-tracked surface drifter trajectories were analyzed to describe the mean currents and eddies in the Caribbean Sea. The structure of the Caribbean Current and its variability were determined from high-resolution ...
    • Caribbean Current variability and the influence of the Amazon and Orinoco freshwater plumes 

      Cherubin, L. M.; Richardson, Philip L. (2007-04-16)
      The variability of the Caribbean Current is studied in terms of the influence on its dynamics of the freshwater inflow from the Orinoco and Amazon rivers. Sea-surface salinity maps of the eastern Caribbean and SeaWiFS color ...
    • CBLAST 2003 field work report 

      Hutto, Lara; Farrar, J. Thomas; Weller, Robert A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2005-04)
      The long-range scientific objective of the Coupled Boundary Layer Air Sea Transfer (CBLAST) project is to observe and understand the temporal and spatial variability of the upper ocean, to identify the processes that ...
    • The CBLAST-Hurricane program and the next-generation fully coupled atmosphere–wave–ocean models for hurricane research and prediction 

      Chen, Shuyi S.; Zhao, Wei; Donelan, Mark A.; Price, James F.; Walsh, Edward J. (American Meteorological Society, 2007-03)
      The record-setting 2005 hurricane season has highlighted the urgent need for a better understanding of the factors that contribute to hurricane intensity, and for the development of corresponding advanced hurricane ...
    • CBLAST-Low 2001 pilot study mooring deployment cruise and data report ; FV Nobska, June 4 to August 17, 2001 

      Pritchard, Mark; Gobat, Jason I.; Ostrom, William M.; Lord, Jeffrey; Bouchard, Paul R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2002-05)
      During the summer of 2001, several moorings and cruises were used as part of the CBLAST-Low (Coupled Boundary Layer Air-Sea Transfer under low wind conditions) pilot experiment in the North Atlantic, south of Martha’s ...
    • The CCSM4 ocean component 

      Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Bates, Susan C.; Briegleb, Bruce P.; Jayne, Steven R.; Jochum, Markus; Large, William G.; Peacock, Synte; Yeager, Stephen G. (American Meteorological Society, 2012-03-01)
      The ocean component of the Community Climate System Model version 4 (CCSM4) is described, and its solutions from the twentieth-century (20C) simulations are documented in comparison with observations and those of CCSM3. ...
    • Centennial changes of the global water cycle in CMIP5 models 

      Levang, Samuel J.; Schmitt, Raymond W. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-08-15)
      The global water cycle is predicted to intensify under various greenhouse gas emissions scenarios. Here the nature and strength of the expected changes for the ocean in the coming century are assessed by examining the ...
    • Chalk-Ex—fate of CaCO3 particles in the mixed layer : evolution of patch optical properties 

      Balch, William M.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Bowler, Bruce C.; Drapeau, David T. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-07-18)
      The fate of particles in the mixed layer is of great relevance to the global carbon cycle as well as to the propagation of light in the sea. We conducted four manipulative field experiments called “Chalk-Ex” in which known ...
    • Challenges to understanding the dynamic response of Greenland's marine terminating glaciers to oceanic and atmospheric forcing 

      Straneo, Fiamma; Heimbach, Patrick; Sergienko, Olga; Hamilton, Gordon S.; Catania, Ginny; Griffies, Stephen; Hallberg, Robert; Jenkins, Adrian; Joughin, Ian; Motyka, Roman; Pfeffer, W. Tad; Price, Stephen F.; Rignot, Eric; Scambos, Ted; Truffer, Martin; Vieli, Andreas (American Meteorological Society, 2013-08)
      The recent retreat and speedup of outlet glaciers, as well as enhanced surface melting around the ice sheet margin, have increased Greenland's contribution to sea level rise to 0.6 ± 0.1 mm yr−1 and its discharge of ...
    • Changes in ocean heat, carbon content, and ventilation : a review of the first decade of GO-SHIP Global Repeat Hydrography 

      Talley, Lynne; Feely, Richard A.; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Baringer, Molly; Bullister, John L.; Carlson, Craig A.; Doney, Scott C.; Fine, Rana A.; Firing, Eric; Gruber, Nicolas; Hansell, Dennis A.; Ishii, Masayoshi; Johnson, Gregory; Katsumata, K.; Key, Robert M.; Kramp, Martin; Langdon, Chris; Macdonald, Alison M.; Mathis, Jeremy T.; McDonagh, Elaine L.; Mecking, Sabine; Millero, Frank J.; Mordy, Calvin; Nakano, T.; Sabine, Chris L.; Smethie, William; Swift, James H.; Tanhua, Toste; Thurnherr, Andreas M.; Warner, Mark J.; Zhang, Jia-Zhong (2015-05-30)
      The ocean, a central component of Earth’s climate system, is changing. Given the global scope of these changes, highly accurate measurements of physical and biogeochemical properties need to be conducted over the full water ...
    • Chaotic advection and mixing in a western boundary current-recirculation system : laboratory experiments 

      Deese, Heather E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2001-02)
      I study the exchange between a boundary current and flanking horizontal recirculations in a 'sliced-cylinder' rotating tank laboratory experiment. Two flow configurations are investigated: a single recirculation and a ...
    • Chaotic advection in a steady, three-dimensional, Ekman-driven eddy 

      Pratt, Lawrence J.; Rypina, Irina I.; Ozgokmen, Tamay M.; Wang, P.; Childs, H.; Bebieva, Y. (Cambridge University Press, 2013-12-05)
      We investigate and quantify stirring due to chaotic advection within a steady, three-dimensional, Ekman-driven, rotating cylinder flow. The flow field has vertical overturning and horizontal swirling motion, and is an ...
    • Chaotic advection in an archipelago 

      Rypina, Irina I.; Pratt, Lawrence J.; Pullen, Julie; Levin, Julia C.; Gordon, Arnold L. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-09)
      Techniques from dynamical systems theory have been applied to study horizontal stirring of fluid in the Philippine Archipelago. The authors’ analysis is based on velocity fields produced by two high-resolution (3 and 6 km) ...
    • Characteristics and dynamics of two major Greenland glacial fjords 

      Sutherland, David A.; Straneo, Fiamma; Pickart, Robert S. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-06-16)
      The circulation regimes of two major outlet glacial fjords in southeastern Greenland, Sermilik Fjord (SF) and Kangerdlugssuaq Fjord (KF), are investigated using data collected in summer 2009. The two fjords show similar ...
    • The characteristics and dynamics of wave-driven flow across a platform coral reef in the Red Sea 

      Lentz, Steven; Churchill, James H.; Davis, Kristen A.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Pineda, Jesús; Starczak, Victoria R. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-02-16)
      Current dynamics across a platform reef in the Red Sea near Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, are examined using 18 months of current profile, pressure, surface wave, and wind observations. The platform reef is 700 m long, 200 m across ...