Now showing items 857-876 of 1396

    • Observations of the Kuroshio's barotropic and baroclinic responses to basin-wide wind forcing 

      Andres, Magdalena; Kwon, Young-Oh; Yang, Jiayan (American Geophysical Union, 2011-04-15)
      Observations show that the Kuroshio in the East China Sea (ECS-Kuroshio) responds to the large-scale wind stress curl field at two time scales. It is argued that these two responses are related to barotropic and baroclinic ...
    • Observations of the subtropical mode water evolution from the Kuroshio Extension System Study 

      Qiu, Bo; Hacker, Peter; Chen, Shuiming; Donohue, Kathleen A.; Watts, D. Randolph; Mitsudera, Humio; Hogg, Nelson G.; Jayne, Steven R. (American Meteorological Society, 2006-03)
      Properties and seasonal evolution of North Pacific Ocean subtropical mode water (STMW) within and south of the Kuroshio Extension recirculation gyre are analyzed from profiling float data and additional hydrographic and ...
    • Observations of tidal variability on the New England shelf 

      Shearman, R. Kipp; Lentz, Steven J. (American Geophysical Union, 2004-06-04)
      Observations from the Coastal Mixing and Optics experiment moored array, deployed from August 1996 through June 1997, are used to describe barotropic and baroclinic tidal variability over the New England shelf. The dominant ...
    • Observations of turbulence in the ocean surface boundary layer : energetics and transport 

      Gerbi, Gregory P.; Trowbridge, John H.; Terray, Eugene A.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Kukulka, Tobias (American Meteorological Society, 2009-05)
      Observations of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) dynamics in the ocean surface boundary layer are presented here and compared with results from previous observational, numerical, and analytic studies. As in previous studies, ...
    • Observations of turbulence, internal waves and background flows : an inquiry into the relationships between scales of motion 

      Polzin, Kurt L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-09)
      Oceanic profiles of temperature, salinity, horizontal velocity, rate of dissipation of turbulent kinetic energy (ε) and rate of dissipation of thermal variance (χ) are used to examine the parameterization of turbulent ...
    • Observations of turbulent fluxes and turbulence dynamics in the ocean surface boundary layer 

      Gerbi, Gregory P. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2008-06)
      This study presents observations of turbulence dynamics made during the low winds portion of the Coupled Boundary Layers and Air-Sea Transfer experiment (CBLAST-Low). Observations were made of turbulent fluxes, turbulent ...
    • Observations of water mass transformation and eddies in the Lofoten basin of the Nordic Seas 

      Richards, Clark G.; Straneo, Fiamma (American Meteorological Society, 2015-06)
      The Lofoten basin of the Nordic Seas is recognized as a crucial component of the meridional overturning circulation in the North Atlantic because of the large horizontal extent of Atlantic Water and winter surface buoyancy ...
    • Observations of wave-mean flow interaction in the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent 

      Brady, Esther C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-09)
      The contribution of tropical instability waves to the momentum and energy balances of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent is investigated using velocity and temperature time series from the three-dimensional Equatorial Pacific ...
    • Observed circulation and inferred sediment transport in Hudson Submarine Canyon 

      Hotchkiss, Frances Luellen Stephenson (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-05)
      Velocity and temperature time series from Hudson Submarine Canyon and hydrographic surveys of seven canyons of the Middle Atlantic Bight indicate that the effects of storms, tides, and incoming internal waves are intensified ...
    • Observed eastward progression of the Fukushima 134Cs signal across the North Pacific 

      Yoshida, Sachiko; Macdonald, Alison M.; Jayne, Steven R.; Rypina, Irina I.; Buesseler, Ken O. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-09)
      Radionuclide samples taken as part of hydrographic surveys at 30°N in the North Pacific reveal that the easternmost edge of Fukushima-derived 134Cs observed at 174.3°W in 2012 had progressed eastward across the basin to ...
    • The observed state of the energy budget in the early twenty-first century 

      L’Ecuyer, Tristan S.; Beaudoing, Hiroko K.; Rodell, Matthew; Olson, William S.; Lin, B.; Kato, S.; Clayson, Carol A.; Wood, E. F.; Sheffield, Justin; Adler, Robert; Huffman, George J.; Bosilovich, Michael G.; Gu, Guojun; Robertson, F. R.; Houser, Paul R.; Chambers, Don P.; Famiglietti, James S.; Fetzer, Eric J.; Liu, W. Timothy; Gao, X.; Schlosser, C. A.; Clark, Edward A.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Hilburn, K. A. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11-01)
      New objectively balanced observation-based reconstructions of global and continental energy budgets and their seasonal variability are presented that span the golden decade of Earth-observing satellites at the start of the ...
    • The observed state of the water cycle in the early twenty-first century 

      Rodell, Matthew; Beaudoing, Hiroko K.; L’Ecuyer, Tristan S.; Olson, William S.; Famiglietti, James S.; Houser, Paul R.; Adler, Robert; Bosilovich, Michael G.; Clayson, Carol A.; Chambers, Don P.; Clark, Edward A.; Fetzer, Eric J.; Gao, X.; Gu, Guojun; Hilburn, K. A.; Huffman, George J.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Liu, W. Timothy; Robertson, F. R.; Schlosser, C. A.; Sheffield, Justin; Wood, E. F. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11-01)
      This study quantifies mean annual and monthly fluxes of Earth’s water cycle over continents and ocean basins during the first decade of the millennium. To the extent possible, the flux estimates are based on satellite ...
    • Observed wintertime tidal and subtidal currents over the continental shelf in the northern South China Sea 

      Li, Ruixiang; Chen, Changsheng; Xia, Huayong; Beardsley, Robert C.; Shi, Maochong; Lai, Zhigang; Lin, Huichan; Feng, Yanqing; Liu, Changjian; Xu, Qichun; Ding, Yang; Zhang, Yu (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-08-19)
      Synthesis analyses were performed to examine characteristics of tidal and subtidal currents at eight mooring sites deployed over the northern South China Sea (NSCS) continental shelf in the 2006–2007 and 2009–2010 winters. ...
    • Observing directional properties of ocean swell with an Acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) 

      Herbers, T. H. C.; Lentz, Steven J. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
      Acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) are widely used for routine measurements of ocean currents and waves in coastal environments. These instruments have the basic capability to measure surface wave frequency–directional ...
    • Observing larval transport processes affecting population connectivity : progress and challenges 

      Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; Monismith, Stephen G.; Largier, John (Oceanography Society, 2007-09)
      Population connectivity is inherently bio-physical: it is determined by physical transport and dispersion, as well as biological processes such as timing of spawning, larval behavior, and mortality. Knowledge of ...
    • Observing system simulation experiments of dissolved oxygen monitoring in Massachusetts Bay 

      Xue, Pengfei; Chen, Changsheng; Beardsley, Robert C. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-05-08)
      Observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) were performed in Massachusetts Bay for the design of optimal monitoring sites for dissolved oxygen (DO) measurements. Experiments were carried out using the Ensemble Kalman ...
    • Observing system simulation experiments with ensemble Kalman filters in Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts 

      Xue, Pengfei; Chen, Changsheng; Beardsley, Robert C.; Limeburner, Richard (American Geophysical Union, 2011-01-20)
      Observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) were performed for Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts, as a pilot study for the design of optimal monitoring networks in the coastal ocean. Experiments were carried out using the ...
    • OC449-09 Data Report : St. Thomas, USVI to Bermuda, December 1-10, 2008 

      Kirincich, Anthony R.; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Fratantoni, David M.; Bahr, Frank B. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2009-10)
      Data collected during multiple surveys of hydrography, velocity, and biological quantities are presented from a 9-day cruise aboard the R/V Oceanus near the island of St. Thomas, USVI and a subsequent transit to Bermuda ...
    • The occurrence, drivers, and implications of submesoscale eddies on the Martha’s Vineyard Inner Shelf 

      Kirincich, Anthony R. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-08-19)
      The occurrence, drivers, and implications of small-scale O(2–5) km diameter coherent vortices, referred to as submesoscale eddies, over the inner shelf south of Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, are examined using ...
    • Ocean circulation and dynamics on the west Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf 

      Moffat Varas, Carlos F. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2007-09)
      Observations of current velocity, temperature, salinity and pressure from a 2-year moored array deployment and four hydrographic cruises conducted by the United States Southern Ocean GLOBEC program on the western Antarctic ...