Now showing items 857-876 of 1292

    • An open-ocean forcing in the East China and Yellow seas 

      Ma, Chao; Wu, Dexing; Lin, Xiaopei; Yang, Jiayan; Ju, Xia (American Geophysical Union, 2010-12-21)
      Recent studies have demonstrated that the annual mean barotropic currents over the East China and Yellow seas (ECYS) are forced primarily by the oceanic circulation in the open-ocean basin through the Kuroshio Current (KC), ...
    • The outflow from Hudson Strait and its contribution to the Labrador Current 

      Straneo, Fiamma; Saucier, Francois J. (2007-11)
      Hudson Strait delivers a large amount of fresh water to the subpolar North Atlantic due to a large riverine input into the upstream Hudson Bay System and to the rerouting of Arctic Ocean waters. The fresh waters flowing ...
    • Outlet glacier dynamics and bathymetry at Upernavik Isstrøm and Upernavik Isfjord, North-West Greenland 

      Andresen, Camilla S.; Kjeldsen, Kristian K.; Harden, Benjamin E.; Norgaard-Pedersen, Niels; Kjaer, Kurt H. (Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, 2014-07)
      During the past decades, the Greenland ice sheet has experienced a marked increase in mass loss resulting in an increased contribution to global sea-level rise. The three largest outlet glaciers in Greenland have increased ...
    • Overflows and upper ocean interaction : a mechanism for the Azores Current 

      Kida, Shinichiro (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2006-09)
      The oceanic response to overflows is explored using a two-layer isopycnal model. Overflows are a major source of the dense water of the global deep ocean, originating from only a few marginal seas. They enter the open ...
    • Pacific Ocean inflow : influence on catastrophic reduction of sea ice cover in the Arctic Ocean 

      Shimada, Koji; Kamoshida, Takashi; Itoh, Motoyo; Nishino, Shigeto; Carmack, Eddy C.; McLaughlin, Fiona A.; Zimmermann, Sarah; Proshutinsky, Andrey (American Geophysical Union, 2006-04-21)
      The spatial pattern of recent ice reduction in the Arctic Ocean is similar to the distribution of warm Pacific Summer Water (PSW) that interflows the upper portion of halocline in the southern Canada Basin. Increases in ...
    • Pan American Climate Studies (PACS) data report 

      Anderson, Steven P.; Huang, Kelan; Brink, Nancy J.; Baumgartner, Mark F.; Weller, Robert A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2000-03)
      The surface mooring component of the NOAA Pan American Climate Study (PACS) took place from April 1997 to September 1998 in the eastern tropical Pacific. PACS was a NOAA funded study with the goal of investigating links ...
    • Pan American Climate Study (PACS) : mooring recovery cruise report, R/V Melville cruise PACS03MV, 6 September to 30 September 1998 

      Ostrom, William M.; Way, Bryan S.; Anderson, Steven P.; Jones, Brent; Key, Erica; Yuras, Gabriel (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1999-05)
      Two surface moorings were recovered during R/V Melville cruise PACS03MV in the eastern equatorial Pacific as part of the Pan American Climate Study (PACS). PACS is a NOAA-funded study with the goal of investigating links ...
    • Pan American Climate Study (PACS) mooring deployment cruise report : R/V Roger Revelle cruise number Genesis 4, 9 April-5 May 1997 

      Way, Bryan S.; Ostrom, William M.; Weller, Robert A.; Ware, Jonathan D.; Trask, Richard P.; Cole, Rick; Donovan, Jeff (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-04)
      Three surface moorings were deployed in the eastern equatorial Pacifc from the R/V Roger Revelle as part of the Pan American Climate Study (PACS). PACS is a NOAA-funded study with the goal of investigating links between ...
    • Pan American Climate Study (PACS) mooring recovery and deployment cruise report : R/V Thomas Thompson cruise number 73, 28 November to 26 December 1997 

      Trask, Richard P.; Weller, Robert A.; Ostrom, William M.; Way, Bryan S. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-08)
      Three surface moorings were recovered and redeployed during R/V Thomas Thompson cruise number 73 in the eastern equatorial Pacific as pan of the Pan American Climate Study (PACS). PACS is a NOAA-funded study with the goal ...
    • Parameterization of convection in a rotating stratified ocean : comparison of numerical and laboratory experiments with theory 

      Hufford, Gwyneth E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1995-02)
      Laboratory and numerical experiments are carried out in a parameter regime relevant to open-ocean deep convection. We consider the case of convection in a rotating stratified ocean of finite depth. Convection is induced ...
    • Parametric instability in oscillatory shear flows 

      Poulin, Francis J.; Flierl, Glenn R.; Pedlosky, Joseph (Cambridge University Press, 2003-04-28)
      In this article we investigate time-periodic shear flows in the context of the two-dimensional vorticity equation, which may be applied to describe certain large-scale atmospheric and oceanic flows. The linear stability ...
    • Parametric subharmonic instability of the internal tide at 29°N 

      MacKinnon, Jennifer A.; Alford, Matthew H.; Sun, Oliver M. T.; Pinkel, Robert; Zhao, Zhongxiang; Klymak, Jody M. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-01)
      Observational evidence is presented for transfer of energy from the internal tide to near-inertial motions near 29°N in the Pacific Ocean. The transfer is accomplished via parametric subharmonic instability (PSI), which ...
    • Pathways of Pacific water across the Chukchi Sea : a numerical model study 

      Winsor, Peter; Chapman, David C. (American Geophysical Union, 2004-03-02)
      Pathways of Pacific Water flowing from the North Pacific Ocean through Bering Strait and across the Chukchi Sea are investigated using a two-dimensional barotropic model. In the no-wind case, the flow is driven only by a ...
    • Pathways of shelf water export from the Hatteras shelf and slope 

      Churchill, James H.; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-08-21)
      It has long been recognized that a massive flow of Middle Atlantic Bight (MAB) shelf water is exported to the deep ocean in the region near Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. We examine the details of this export using data ...
    • Penetration of a salinity front into a rotating basin : laboratory experiments and a simple theory 

      Marchal, Olivier; Whitehead, John A.; Jensen, Anders (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2011-07-01)
      Freshwater is released along a wall of a basin containing salt water and rotating anticlockwise. The freshwater source is located near the surface between the center of the cylindrical basin and a corner along the wall. ...
    • Penetration of the 1990s warm temperature anomaly of Atlantic Water in the Canada Basin 

      Shimada, Koji; McLaughlin, Fiona A.; Carmack, Eddy C.; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Nishino, Shigeto; Itoh, Motoyo (American Geophysical Union, 2004-10-16)
      Penetration of the 1990s warm temperature anomaly (WTA) of the Fram Strait branch of Atlantic Water (FSBW) in the Canada Basin is described using available temperature, salinity, and velocity data. The core temperatures ...
    • Performance of a new generation of acoustic current meters 

      Hogg, Nelson G.; Frye, Daniel E. (American Meteorological Society, 2007-02)
      As part of a program aimed at developing a long-duration, subsurface mooring, known as Ultramoor, several modern acoustic current meters were tested. The instruments with which the authors have the most experience are the ...
    • Physical and biological variables affecting seabird distributions during the upwelling season of the northern California Current 

      Ainley, David G.; Spear, Larry B.; Tynan, Cynthia T.; Barth, John A.; Pierce, Stephen D.; Ford, R. Glenn; Cowles, Timothy J. (2004-08-28)
      As a part of the GLOBEC-Northeast Pacific project, we investigated variation in the abundance of marine birds in the context of biological and physical habitat conditions in the northern portion of the California Current ...
    • Physical controls on copepod aggregations in the Gulf of Maine 

      Woods, Nicholas W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2013-06)
      This thesis explores the role that the circulation in the Gulf of Maine (GOM) plays in determining the distribution of dense aggregations of copepods. These aggregations are an important part of the marine ecosystem, ...
    • Physical influences on phytoplankton ecology : models and observations 

      Clayton, Sophie A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2013-06)
      The physical environment in the oceans dictates not only how phytoplankton cells are dispersed and their populations intermingled, but also mediates the supply of nutrients to the surface mixed layer. In this thesis I ...