Now showing items 857-876 of 1380

    • Observing directional properties of ocean swell with an Acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) 

      Herbers, T. H. C.; Lentz, Steven J. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
      Acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) are widely used for routine measurements of ocean currents and waves in coastal environments. These instruments have the basic capability to measure surface wave frequency–directional ...
    • Observing larval transport processes affecting population connectivity : progress and challenges 

      Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; Monismith, Stephen G.; Largier, John (Oceanography Society, 2007-09)
      Population connectivity is inherently bio-physical: it is determined by physical transport and dispersion, as well as biological processes such as timing of spawning, larval behavior, and mortality. Knowledge of ...
    • Observing system simulation experiments of dissolved oxygen monitoring in Massachusetts Bay 

      Xue, Pengfei; Chen, Changsheng; Beardsley, Robert C. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-05-08)
      Observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) were performed in Massachusetts Bay for the design of optimal monitoring sites for dissolved oxygen (DO) measurements. Experiments were carried out using the Ensemble Kalman ...
    • Observing system simulation experiments with ensemble Kalman filters in Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts 

      Xue, Pengfei; Chen, Changsheng; Beardsley, Robert C.; Limeburner, Richard (American Geophysical Union, 2011-01-20)
      Observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) were performed for Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts, as a pilot study for the design of optimal monitoring networks in the coastal ocean. Experiments were carried out using the ...
    • OC449-09 Data Report : St. Thomas, USVI to Bermuda, December 1-10, 2008 

      Kirincich, Anthony R.; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Fratantoni, David M.; Bahr, Frank B. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2009-10)
      Data collected during multiple surveys of hydrography, velocity, and biological quantities are presented from a 9-day cruise aboard the R/V Oceanus near the island of St. Thomas, USVI and a subsequent transit to Bermuda ...
    • The occurrence, drivers, and implications of submesoscale eddies on the Martha’s Vineyard Inner Shelf 

      Kirincich, Anthony R. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-08-19)
      The occurrence, drivers, and implications of small-scale O(2–5) km diameter coherent vortices, referred to as submesoscale eddies, over the inner shelf south of Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, are examined using ...
    • Ocean circulation and dynamics on the west Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf 

      Moffat Varas, Carlos F. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2007-09)
      Observations of current velocity, temperature, salinity and pressure from a 2-year moored array deployment and four hydrographic cruises conducted by the United States Southern Ocean GLOBEC program on the western Antarctic ...
    • An ocean coupling potential intensity index for tropical cyclones 

      Lin, I.-I.; Black, Peter G.; Price, James F.; Yang, C.-Y.; Chen, Shuyi S.; Lien, C.-C.; Harr, Patrick; Chi, N.-H.; Wu, C.-C.; D'Asaro, Eric A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-05-15)
      Timely and accurate forecasts of tropical cyclones (TCs, i.e., hurricanes and typhoons) are of great importance for risk mitigation. Although in the past two decades there has been steady improvement in track prediction, ...
    • Ocean eddy dynamics in a coupled ocean-atmosphere model 

      Berloff, Pavel S.; Dewar, William K.; Kravtsov, Sergey K.; McWilliams, James C. (American Meteorological Society, 2007-05)
      The role of mesoscale oceanic eddies is analyzed in a quasigeostrophic coupled ocean–atmosphere model operating at a large Reynolds number. The model dynamics are characterized by decadal variability that involves nonlinear ...
    • Ocean preconditioning of Cyclone Nargis in the Bay of Bengal : interaction between Rossby waves, surface fresh waters, and sea surface temperatures 

      Yu, Lisan; McPhaden, Michael J. (American Meteorological Society, 2011-09)
      An in-depth data analysis was conducted to understand the occurrence of a strong sea surface temperature (SST) front in the central Bay of Bengal before the formation of Cyclone Nargis in April 2008. Nargis changed its ...
    • Ocean response to a hurricane, part II : data tabulations and numerical modeling 

      Price, James F.; Sanford, Thomas B.; Forristall, George Z. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1991-01)
      Field observations of the ocean's forced stage response to three hurricanes, Norbert (1984), Josephine (1984) and Gloria (1985), are analyzed and presented in a storm-centered coordinate system. All three hurricanes had ...
    • Ocean turbulence, III : new GISS vertical mixing scheme 

      Canuto, V. M.; Howard, A. M.; Cheng, Y.; Muller, C. J.; Leboissetier, A.; Jayne, Steven R. (2010-04)
      We have found a new way to express the solutions of the RSM (Reynolds Stress Model) equations that allows us to present the turbulent diffusivities for heat, salt and momentum in a way that is considerably simpler and ...
    • Ocean variability contributing to basal melt rate near the ice front of Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica 

      Arzeno, Isabella B.; Beardsley, Robert C.; Limeburner, Richard; Owens, W. Brechner; Padman, Laurie; Springer, Scott R.; Stewart, Craig L.; Williams, Michael J. M. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-07-09)
      Basal melting of ice shelves is an important, but poorly understood, cause of Antarctic ice sheet mass loss and freshwater production. We use data from two moorings deployed through Ross Ice Shelf, ∼6 and ∼16 km south of ...
    • Oceanic and terrestrial sources of continental precipitation 

      Gimeno, Luis; Stohl, Andreas; Trigo, Ricardo M.; Dominguez, Francina; Yoshimura, Kei; Yu, Lisan; Drumond, Anita; Duran-Quesada, Ana Maria; Nieto, Raquel (American Geophysical Union, 2012-11-08)
      The most important sources of atmospheric moisture at the global scale are herein identified, both oceanic and terrestrial, and a characterization is made of how continental regions are influenced by water from different ...
    • An oceanic current against the wind : how does Taiwan island steer warm water into the East China Sea? 

      Yang, Jiayan (American Meteorological Society, 2007-10)
      Along the Taiwan Strait (<100 m in depth) a northeastward flow persists in all seasons despite the annually averaged wind stress that is strongly southwestward. The forcing mechanism of this countercurrent is examined by ...
    • Oceanic fluxes of mass, heat, and freshwater : a global estimate and perspective 

      Macdonald, Alison M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1995-08)
      Data from fifteen globally distributed, modern, high resolution, hydrographic oceanic transects are combined in an inverse calculation using large scale box models. The models provide estimates of the global meridional ...
    • Oceanic internal-wave field : theory of scale-invariant spectra 

      Lvov, Yuri V.; Polzin, Kurt L.; Tabak, Esteban G.; Yokoyama, Naoto (American Meteorological Society, 2010-12)
      Steady scale-invariant solutions of a kinetic equation describing the statistics of oceanic internal gravity waves based on wave turbulence theory are investigated. It is shown in the nonrotating scale-invariant limit that ...
    • Oceanic microstructure observed near Bermuda using a towed sensor 

      Magnell, Bruce Arthur (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1973-06)
      Many hypotheses have been advanced to explain the formation of mixed layers in the ocean; the salt finger type of double-diffusive convection, in particular, has received much attention. Because of their uniquely ordered ...
    • The oceanographic and geoidal components of sea surface topography 

      Zlotnicki, Victor (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983-02)
      Altimetric, gravimetric and oceanographic data over the North Atlantic are combined -using techniques of optimum estimation- to infer the surface expression of the time averaged circulation (ζ) and to estimate the ...
    • Ocean–cloud–atmosphere–land interactions in the southeastern Pacific : the VOCALS Program 

      Mechoso, C. R.; Wood, R.; Weller, Robert A.; Bretherton, Christopher S.; Clarke, A. D.; Coe, H.; Fairall, Christopher W.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Feingold, G.; Garreaud, R.; Grados, Carmen; McWilliams, James C.; de Szoeke, Simon P.; Yuter, S. E.; Zuidema, Paquita (American Meteorological Society, 2014-03)
      The present paper describes the Variability of the American Monsoon Systems (VAMOS) Ocean–Cloud–Atmosphere–Land Study (VOCALS), an international research program focused on the improved understanding and modeling of the ...