Now showing items 850-869 of 1380

    • Observations of water mass transformation and eddies in the Lofoten basin of the Nordic Seas 

      Richards, Clark G.; Straneo, Fiamma (American Meteorological Society, 2015-06)
      The Lofoten basin of the Nordic Seas is recognized as a crucial component of the meridional overturning circulation in the North Atlantic because of the large horizontal extent of Atlantic Water and winter surface buoyancy ...
    • Observations of wave-mean flow interaction in the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent 

      Brady, Esther C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-09)
      The contribution of tropical instability waves to the momentum and energy balances of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent is investigated using velocity and temperature time series from the three-dimensional Equatorial Pacific ...
    • Observed circulation and inferred sediment transport in Hudson Submarine Canyon 

      Hotchkiss, Frances Luellen Stephenson (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-05)
      Velocity and temperature time series from Hudson Submarine Canyon and hydrographic surveys of seven canyons of the Middle Atlantic Bight indicate that the effects of storms, tides, and incoming internal waves are intensified ...
    • Observed eastward progression of the Fukushima 134Cs signal across the North Pacific 

      Yoshida, Sachiko; Macdonald, Alison M.; Jayne, Steven R.; Rypina, Irina I.; Buesseler, Ken O. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-09)
      Radionuclide samples taken as part of hydrographic surveys at 30°N in the North Pacific reveal that the easternmost edge of Fukushima-derived 134Cs observed at 174.3°W in 2012 had progressed eastward across the basin to ...
    • The observed state of the energy budget in the early twenty-first century 

      L’Ecuyer, Tristan S.; Beaudoing, Hiroko K.; Rodell, Matthew; Olson, William S.; Lin, B.; Kato, S.; Clayson, Carol A.; Wood, E. F.; Sheffield, Justin; Adler, Robert; Huffman, George J.; Bosilovich, Michael G.; Gu, Guojun; Robertson, F. R.; Houser, Paul R.; Chambers, Don P.; Famiglietti, James S.; Fetzer, Eric J.; Liu, W. Timothy; Gao, X.; Schlosser, C. A.; Clark, Edward A.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Hilburn, K. A. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11-01)
      New objectively balanced observation-based reconstructions of global and continental energy budgets and their seasonal variability are presented that span the golden decade of Earth-observing satellites at the start of the ...
    • The observed state of the water cycle in the early twenty-first century 

      Rodell, Matthew; Beaudoing, Hiroko K.; L’Ecuyer, Tristan S.; Olson, William S.; Famiglietti, James S.; Houser, Paul R.; Adler, Robert; Bosilovich, Michael G.; Clayson, Carol A.; Chambers, Don P.; Clark, Edward A.; Fetzer, Eric J.; Gao, X.; Gu, Guojun; Hilburn, K. A.; Huffman, George J.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Liu, W. Timothy; Robertson, F. R.; Schlosser, C. A.; Sheffield, Justin; Wood, E. F. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11-01)
      This study quantifies mean annual and monthly fluxes of Earth’s water cycle over continents and ocean basins during the first decade of the millennium. To the extent possible, the flux estimates are based on satellite ...
    • Observed wintertime tidal and subtidal currents over the continental shelf in the northern South China Sea 

      Li, Ruixiang; Chen, Changsheng; Xia, Huayong; Beardsley, Robert C.; Shi, Maochong; Lai, Zhigang; Lin, Huichan; Feng, Yanqing; Liu, Changjian; Xu, Qichun; Ding, Yang; Zhang, Yu (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-08-19)
      Synthesis analyses were performed to examine characteristics of tidal and subtidal currents at eight mooring sites deployed over the northern South China Sea (NSCS) continental shelf in the 2006–2007 and 2009–2010 winters. ...
    • Observing directional properties of ocean swell with an Acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) 

      Herbers, T. H. C.; Lentz, Steven J. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
      Acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) are widely used for routine measurements of ocean currents and waves in coastal environments. These instruments have the basic capability to measure surface wave frequency–directional ...
    • Observing larval transport processes affecting population connectivity : progress and challenges 

      Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; Monismith, Stephen G.; Largier, John (Oceanography Society, 2007-09)
      Population connectivity is inherently bio-physical: it is determined by physical transport and dispersion, as well as biological processes such as timing of spawning, larval behavior, and mortality. Knowledge of ...
    • Observing system simulation experiments of dissolved oxygen monitoring in Massachusetts Bay 

      Xue, Pengfei; Chen, Changsheng; Beardsley, Robert C. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-05-08)
      Observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) were performed in Massachusetts Bay for the design of optimal monitoring sites for dissolved oxygen (DO) measurements. Experiments were carried out using the Ensemble Kalman ...
    • Observing system simulation experiments with ensemble Kalman filters in Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts 

      Xue, Pengfei; Chen, Changsheng; Beardsley, Robert C.; Limeburner, Richard (American Geophysical Union, 2011-01-20)
      Observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) were performed for Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts, as a pilot study for the design of optimal monitoring networks in the coastal ocean. Experiments were carried out using the ...
    • OC449-09 Data Report : St. Thomas, USVI to Bermuda, December 1-10, 2008 

      Kirincich, Anthony R.; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Fratantoni, David M.; Bahr, Frank B. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2009-10)
      Data collected during multiple surveys of hydrography, velocity, and biological quantities are presented from a 9-day cruise aboard the R/V Oceanus near the island of St. Thomas, USVI and a subsequent transit to Bermuda ...
    • The occurrence, drivers, and implications of submesoscale eddies on the Martha’s Vineyard Inner Shelf 

      Kirincich, Anthony R. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-08-19)
      The occurrence, drivers, and implications of small-scale O(2–5) km diameter coherent vortices, referred to as submesoscale eddies, over the inner shelf south of Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, are examined using ...
    • Ocean circulation and dynamics on the west Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf 

      Moffat Varas, Carlos F. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2007-09)
      Observations of current velocity, temperature, salinity and pressure from a 2-year moored array deployment and four hydrographic cruises conducted by the United States Southern Ocean GLOBEC program on the western Antarctic ...
    • An ocean coupling potential intensity index for tropical cyclones 

      Lin, I.-I.; Black, Peter G.; Price, James F.; Yang, C.-Y.; Chen, Shuyi S.; Lien, C.-C.; Harr, Patrick; Chi, N.-H.; Wu, C.-C.; D'Asaro, Eric A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-05-15)
      Timely and accurate forecasts of tropical cyclones (TCs, i.e., hurricanes and typhoons) are of great importance for risk mitigation. Although in the past two decades there has been steady improvement in track prediction, ...
    • Ocean eddy dynamics in a coupled ocean-atmosphere model 

      Berloff, Pavel S.; Dewar, William K.; Kravtsov, Sergey K.; McWilliams, James C. (American Meteorological Society, 2007-05)
      The role of mesoscale oceanic eddies is analyzed in a quasigeostrophic coupled ocean–atmosphere model operating at a large Reynolds number. The model dynamics are characterized by decadal variability that involves nonlinear ...
    • Ocean preconditioning of Cyclone Nargis in the Bay of Bengal : interaction between Rossby waves, surface fresh waters, and sea surface temperatures 

      Yu, Lisan; McPhaden, Michael J. (American Meteorological Society, 2011-09)
      An in-depth data analysis was conducted to understand the occurrence of a strong sea surface temperature (SST) front in the central Bay of Bengal before the formation of Cyclone Nargis in April 2008. Nargis changed its ...
    • Ocean response to a hurricane, part II : data tabulations and numerical modeling 

      Price, James F.; Sanford, Thomas B.; Forristall, George Z. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1991-01)
      Field observations of the ocean's forced stage response to three hurricanes, Norbert (1984), Josephine (1984) and Gloria (1985), are analyzed and presented in a storm-centered coordinate system. All three hurricanes had ...
    • Ocean turbulence, III : new GISS vertical mixing scheme 

      Canuto, V. M.; Howard, A. M.; Cheng, Y.; Muller, C. J.; Leboissetier, A.; Jayne, Steven R. (2010-04)
      We have found a new way to express the solutions of the RSM (Reynolds Stress Model) equations that allows us to present the turbulent diffusivities for heat, salt and momentum in a way that is considerably simpler and ...
    • Ocean variability contributing to basal melt rate near the ice front of Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica 

      Arzeno, Isabella B.; Beardsley, Robert C.; Limeburner, Richard; Owens, W. Brechner; Padman, Laurie; Springer, Scott R.; Stewart, Craig L.; Williams, Michael J. M. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-07-09)
      Basal melting of ice shelves is an important, but poorly understood, cause of Antarctic ice sheet mass loss and freshwater production. We use data from two moorings deployed through Ross Ice Shelf, ∼6 and ∼16 km south of ...