Now showing items 570-589 of 1334

    • Intelligent chilled mirror humidity sensor 

      Hosom, David S.; Winget, Clifford L.; Weisman, Sumner; Doucet, Donald P.; Price, James F. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-12)
      A new, intelligent, chilled mirror humidity instrument has been designed for use on buoys and ships. The design goal is to make high quality dew point temperature measurements for a period of up to one year from an ...
    • The interaction of an eastward-flowing current and an island : sub- and supercritical flow 

      Pedlosky, Joseph; Spall, Michael A. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11)
      An eastward-flowing current of a homogeneous fluid with velocity U, contained in a channel of width L, impinges on an island of width of O(L), and the resulting interaction and dynamics are studied for values of the ...
    • Interaction of an eddy with a continental slope 

      Wang, Xiaoming (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-09)
      This study concerns the barotropic interactions between a mesoscale eddy and a straight monotonic bottom topography. Through simple to relatively complicated modeling effort, some of the fundamental properties of the ...
    • Interaction of Ekman layers and islands 

      Spall, Michael A.; Pedlosky, Joseph (American Meteorological Society, 2013-05)
      The circulation induced by the interaction of surface Ekman transport with an island is considered using both numerical models and linear theory. The basic response is similar to that found for the interaction of Ekman ...
    • Interaction of the Faroe Bank Channel overflow with Iceland Basin intermediate waters 

      Ullgren, Jenny E.; Fer, Ilker; Darelius, Elin; Beaird, Nicholas (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-01-10)
      The narrow and deep Faroe Bank Channel (FBC) is an important pathway for cold, dense waters from the Nordic Seas to flow across the Iceland-Scotland ridge into the North Atlantic. The swift, turbulent FBC overflow is ...
    • Interannual sea level variability in the western North Atlantic : regional forcing and remote response 

      Andres, Magdalena; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; Toole, John M. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-11-20)
      Annually averaged sea level (1970–2012) measured by tide gauges along the North American east coast is remarkably coherent over a 1700 km swath from Nova Scotia to North Carolina. Satellite altimetry (1993–2011) shows that ...
    • Interannual variability in the pathways of the North Atlantic Current over the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the impact of topography 

      Bower, Amy S.; von Appen, Wilken-Jon (American Meteorological Society, 2008-01)
      Recent studies have indicated that the North Atlantic Ocean subpolar gyre circulation undergoes significant interannual-to-decadal changes in response to variability in atmospheric forcing. There are also observations, ...
    • Interannual variability of the Pacific Water boundary current in the Beaufort Sea 

      Brugler, Eric T. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2013-09)
      Between 2002 and 2011 a single mooring was maintained in the core of the Pacific Water boundary current in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea near 152° W. Using velocity and hydrographic data from six year-long deployments during ...
    • Interannual variability of the South China Sea throughflow inferred from wind data and an ocean data assimilation product 

      Wang, Dong Xiao; Liu, Qinyan; Huang, Rui Xin; Du, Yan; Qu, Tangdong (American Geophysical Union, 2006-07-26)
      The Luzon Strait transport, as an index for the South China Sea throughflow, has attracted much attention. In this study the interannual variability of the Luzon Strait transport is examined, using the Island Rule and ...
    • Interannual variability of wintertime temperature on the inner continental shelf of the Middle Atlantic Bight 

      Connolly, Thomas P.; Lentz, Steven J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-09-17)
      The shallow depth of the inner continental shelf allows for rapid adjustment of the ocean to air-sea exchange of heat and momentum compared with offshore locations. Observations during 2001–2013 are used to evaluate the ...
    • Interannual variation in summer N2O concentration in the hypoxic region of the northern Gulf of Mexico, 1985–2007 

      Kim, I.-N.; Lee, K.; Bange, Hermann W.; Macdonald, Alison M. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2013-11-01)
      Microbial nitrous oxide (N2O) production in the ocean is enhanced under low-oxygen (O2) conditions. This is especially important in the context of increasing hypoxia (i.e., oceanic zones with extremely reduced O2 ...
    • Interdecadal variability of the eastward current in the South China Sea associated with the summer Asian monsoon 

      Wang, Guihua; Wang, Chunzai; Huang, Rui Xin (American Meteorological Society, 2010-11-15)
      Based on the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) dataset and three types of Sverdrup streamfunction, an interdecadal variability of the eastward current in the middle South China Sea (SCS) during summer is identified. ...
    • Internal hydraulic jumps in two-layer flows with upstream shear 

      Ogden, Kelly A.; Helfrich, Karl R. (2015-12-04)
      Internal hydraulic jumps in ows with upstream shear are investigated using two-layer shock-joining theories and numerical solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations. The role of upstream shear has not previously been ...
    • Internal lee wave closures : parameter sensitivity and comparison to observations 

      Trossman, David S.; Waterman, Stephanie N.; Polzin, Kurt L.; Arbic, Brian K.; Garner, Stephen T.; Naveira-Garabato, Alberto C.; Sheen, Katy L. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-12-17)
      This paper examines two internal lee wave closures that have been used together with ocean models to predict the time-averaged global energy conversion rate into lee waves and dissipation rate associated with lee waves and ...
    • Internal tide and nonlinear internal wave behavior at the continental slope in the northern south China Sea 

      Duda, Timothy F.; Lynch, James F.; Irish, James D.; Beardsley, Robert C.; Ramp, Steven R.; Chiu, Ching-Sang; Tang, Tswen Yung; Yang, Yiing-Jang (IEEE, 2004-10)
      A field program to measure acoustic propagation characteristics and physical oceanography was undertaken in April and May 2001 in the northern South China Sea. Fluctuating ocean properties were measured with 21 moorings ...
    • Internal waves and mixing near the Kerguelen Plateau 

      Meyer, Amelie; Polzin, Kurt L.; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Phillips, Helen E. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-12-07)
      In the stratified ocean, turbulent mixing is primarily attributed to the breaking of internal waves. As such, internal waves provide a link between large-scale forcing and small-scale mixing. The internal wave field north ...
    • Internal waves and turbulence in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current 

      Waterman, Stephanie N.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Polzin, Kurt L. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-02)
      This study reports on observations of turbulent dissipation and internal wave-scale flow properties in a standing meander of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) north of the Kerguelen Plateau. The authors characterize ...
    • Interplay between the Indonesian Throughflow and the Luzon Strait Throughflow 

      Liu, Qinyan; Huang, Rui Xin; Wang, Dong Xiao; Xie, Qiang; Huang, Qizhou (2006)
      Analysis based on the “Island Rule” and ocean assimilation dataset shows that the interannual variability of the Indonesian Throughflow and the Luzon Strait (South China Sea) Throughflow is out of phase. Wind anomaly in ...
    • Interpretation of equatorial current meter data as internal waves 

      Blumenthal, Martin Benno (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1987-01)
      Garrett and Munk use linear dynamics to synthesize frequency-wavenumber energy spectra for internal waves (GM72, GM75, GM79). The GM internal wave models are horizontally isotropic, vertically symmetric, purely propagating, ...
    • Intraseasonal variability near 10°N in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean 

      Farrar, J. Thomas; Weller, Robert A. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-05-20)
      New in situ observations from 10°N, 125°W during 1997–1998 show strong intraseasonal variability in meridional velocity and sea surface temperature. The 50- to 100-day oscillations in sea surface height (SSH) have long ...