Now showing items 509-528 of 1278

    • Improving oceanic overflow representation in climate models : the Gravity Current Entrainment Climate Process Team 

      Legg, Sonya; Ezer, Tal; Jackson, Laura; Briegleb, Bruce P.; Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Large, William G.; Wu, Wanli; Chang, Yeon; Ozgokmen, Tamay M.; Peters, Hartmut; Xu, Xiaobiao; Chassignet, Eric P.; Gordon, Arnold L.; Griffies, Stephen; Hallberg, Robert; Price, James F.; Riemenschneider, Ulrike; Yang, Jiayan (American Meteorological Society, 2009-05)
      Oceanic overflows are bottom-trapped density currents originating in semienclosed basins, such as the Nordic seas, or on continental shelves, such as the Antarctic shelf. Overflows are the source of most of the abyssal ...
    • Improving the time resolution of surfzone bathymetry using in situ altimeters 

      Moulton, Melissa; Elgar, Steve; Raubenheimer, Britt (2013-06)
      Surfzone bathymetry often is resolved poorly in time because watercraft surveys cannot be performed when waves are large, and remote sensing techniques have limited vertical accuracy. However, accurate high-frequency ...
    • Indian Ocean Bubble 

      Stommel, Henry M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 195?-1960)
      The Special Committee on Oceanographic Research (SCOR) has endorsed an international cooperative program of oceanographic research and survey work in the Indian Ocean for the near future. 1961 is the year most often ...
    • An inertial model of the interaction of Ekman layers and planetary islands 

      Pedlosky, Joseph (American Meteorological Society, 2013-07)
      An adiabatic, inertial, and quasigeostrophic model is used to discuss the interaction of surface Ekman transport with an island. The theory extends the recent work of Spall and Pedlosky to include an analytical and nonlinear ...
    • Inertial oscillations in the Mediterranean 

      Perkins, Henry T. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1970-06)
      Measurements of ocean currents were made by the author in the Western Mediterranean Sea at five depths for two months during early 1969. In terms of the dominant and persistent presence of inertial oscillations, circularly ...
    • The influence of a steady baroclinic deep ocean on the shelf 

      Vennell, M. Ross (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-06)
      The degree to which a baroclinic deep ocean could be responsible for the mean flow on the shallow continental shelf is examined using steady, boundary forced models which incorporate bottom friction. One set of models, ...
    • Influence of bottom topography on cross-shelf circulation forced by time dependent wind 

      Osychny, Vladimir I. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1997-09)
      A series of numerical experiments is conducted in order to examine the role of topographic irregularities in generation of subinertial cross-channel barotropic currents and to obtain quantitative estimates of the offshore ...
    • The influence of crosswind tidal currents on Langmuir circulation in a shallow ocean 

      Kukulka, Tobias; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Trowbridge, John H.; Sullivan, Peter P. (American Geophysical Union, 2011-08-04)
      Langmuir circulation (LC) is a turbulent process driven by wind and surface waves that plays a key role in transferring momentum, heat, and mass in the oceanic surface layer. On the coastal shelves the largest-scale LC ...
    • Influence of diurnal heating on stratification and residual circulation of Georges Bank 

      Chen, Changsheng; Beardsley, Robert C.; Franks, Peter J. S.; Van Keuren, J. (American Geophysical Union, 2003-11-22)
      The influence of the diurnal heat flux on summer stratification and residual circulation over Georges Bank was examined using a three-dimensional primitive equation numerical circulation model. For a given spatially uniform ...
    • The influence of geothermal sources on deep ocean temperature, salinity, and flow fields 

      Speer, Kevin G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-05)
      This thesis is a study of the effect of geothermal sources on the deep circulation, temperature and salinity fields. In Chapter 1 background material is given on the strength and distribution of geothermal heating. In ...
    • Influence of mixing on CFC uptake and CFC ages in the North Pacific thermocline 

      Mecking, Sabine; Warner, Mark J.; Greene, Catherine E.; Hautala, Susan L.; Sonnerup, Rolf E. (American Geophysical Union, 2004-07-17)
      A diagnostic, isopycnal advection-diffusion model based on a climatological, geostrophic flow field is used to study the uptake of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) into the portion of the thermocline that outcrops in the open ...
    • Influence of ocean freshening on shelf phytoplankton dynamics 

      Ji, Rubao; Davis, Cabell S.; Chen, Changsheng; Townsend, David W.; Mountain, David G.; Beardsley, Robert C. (American Geophysical Union, 2007-12-28)
      Climate change-induced freshening of the ocean can enhance vertical stratification and alter circulation patterns in ways that influence phytoplankton dynamics. We examined the timing of spring phytoplankton blooms and the ...
    • The influence of the AMOC variability on the atmosphere in CCSM3 

      Frankignoul, Claude; Gastineau, Guillaume; Kwon, Young-Oh (American Meteorological Society, 2013-12-15)
      The influence of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) variability on the atmospheric circulation is investigated in a control simulation of the NCAR Community Climate System Model, version 3 (CCSM3), where ...
    • Influence of the Icelandic Low latitude on the frequency of Greenland tip jet events : implications for Irminger Sea convection 

      Bakalian, F.; Hameed, S.; Pickart, Robert S. (American Geophysical Union, 2007-04-26)
      The occurrence of Greenland tip jet events has been reported as the dominant factor controlling the formation of intermediate water in the Irminger Sea. It has been suggested that the frequency of these events is correlated ...
    • Influence of the meridional shifts of the Kuroshio and the Oyashio Extensions on the atmospheric circulation 

      Frankignoul, Claude; Sennechael, Nathalie; Kwon, Young-Oh; Alexander, Michael A. (American Meteorological Society, 2011-02-01)
      The meridional shifts of the Oyashio Extension (OE) and of the Kuroshio Extension (KE), as derived from high-resolution monthly sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in 1982–2008 and historical temperature profiles in ...
    • The influence of the mid-Atlantic ridge upon the circulation and the properties of the Mediterranean water southwest of the Azores 

      Joyce, Terrence M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1981-06)
      The warm, salty water influenced by the Mediterranean outfow can be observed at mid-depth throughout the Central North Atlantic Ocean. Katz (1970) first noted that rather than a gradual salinity decrease away from the ...
    • The influence of topography on steady currents and internal waves 

      Hogg, Nelson G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1971-01)
      Observations of the ocean in the vicinity of Bermuda on two different occasions show systematic distortions of the isotherms close to the island and an area of intensive mixing on the northern coast. Two mechanisms are ...
    • Influence of topography on the dynamics of baroclinic oceanic eddies 

      Pankratov, Kirill K. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1994-02)
      In this work we study motion of a baroclinic upper-ocean eddy over a large-scale topography which simulates a continental slope. We use a quasigeostrophic f-plane approximation with continuous stratification. To study ...
    • The influence of wind forcing on the Chesapeake Bay buoyant coastal current 

      Lentz, Steven J.; Largier, John (American Meteorological Society, 2006-07)
      Observations of the buoyant coastal current that flows southward from Chesapeake Bay are used to describe how the thickness, width, and propagation speed vary in response to changes in the along-shelf wind stress. Three ...
    • The influence of winter water on phytoplankton blooms in the Chukchi Sea 

      Lowry, Kate E.; Pickart, Robert S.; Mills, Matthew M.; Brown, Zachary W.; van Dijken, Gert L.; Bates, Nicholas R.; Arrigo, Kevin R. (2015-06)
      The flow of nutrient-rich winter water (WW) through the Chukchi Sea plays an important and previously uncharacterized role in sustaining summer phytoplankton blooms. Using hydrographic and biogeochemical data collected as ...