Now showing items 509-528 of 1403

    • How did ocean warming affect Australian rainfall extremes during the 2010/2011 La Niña event? 

      Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Sen Gupta, Alexander; England, Matthew H.; Taschetto, Andrea S.; Briggs, Peter R.; Raupach, Michael R. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-19)
      Extreme rainfall conditions in Australia during the 2010/2011 La Niña resulted in devastating floods claiming 35 lives, causing billions of dollars in damages, and far-reaching impacts on global climate, including a ...
    • How do albatrosses fly around the world (almost) without flapping their wings? 

      Richardson, Philip L. (2010-08-26)
      Albatrosses fly long distances over the Southern Ocean, even around the world (almost) without flapping their wings, which has raised interest in how they perform such a feat. On a cruise to the South Atlantic I observed ...
    • How does Labrador Sea Water enter the deep western boundary current? 

      Palter, Jaime B.; Lozier, M. Susan; Lavender, Kara L. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-05)
      Labrador Sea Water (LSW), a dense water mass formed by convection in the subpolar North Atlantic, is an important constituent of the meridional overturning circulation. Understanding how the water mass enters the deep ...
    • How entraining density currents influence the stratification in a one-dimensional ocean basin 

      Wåhlin, A. K.; Cenedese, Claudia (2005-11-03)
      The sensitivity of the basin-scale ocean stratification to the vertical distribution of plume entrainment is being analyzed. A large ocean basin supplied by dense water from an adjoining marginal sea is considered. The ...
    • How is the ocean filled? 

      Gebbie, Geoffrey A.; Huybers, Peter (American Geophysical Union, 2011-03-23)
      The ocean surface rapidly exchanges heat, freshwater, and gases with the atmosphere, but once water sinks into the ocean interior, the inherited properties of seawater are closely conserved. Previous water-mass decompositions ...
    • How much did Glacial North Atlantic Water shoal? 

      Gebbie, Geoffrey A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-03-13)
      Observations of δ13C and Cd/Ca from benthic foraminifera have been interpreted to reflect a shoaling of northern source waters by about 1000 m during the Last Glacial Maximum, with the degree of shoaling being significant ...
    • How well would modern-day oceanic property distributions be known with paleoceanographic-like observations? 

      Gebbie, Geoffrey; Streletz, Gregory J.; Spero, Howard J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-04-08)
      Compilations of paleoceanographic observations for the deep sea now contain a few hundred points along the oceanic margins, mid-ocean ridges, and bathymetric highs, where seawater conditions are indirectly recorded in the ...
    • HRP II—the development of a new vehicle for studying deep ocean mixing 

      Montgomery, Ellyn T. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2006-02)
      The High Resolution Profiler II (HRP-II), a unique, autonomous untethered, deep-ocean capable, profiling vehicle was designed and developed at WHOI during 2002-2003. During a vertical profile, it measures and records ...
    • A hybrid particle–ensemble Kalman filter for Lagrangian data assimilation 

      Slivinski, Laura; Spiller, Elaine; Apte, Amit; Sandstede, Bjorn (American Meteorological Society, 2015-01)
      Lagrangian measurements from passive ocean instruments provide a useful source of data for estimating and forecasting the ocean’s state (velocity field, salinity field, etc.). However, trajectories from these instruments ...
    • Hydraulic adjustment to an obstacle in a rotating channel 

      Pratt, Lawrence J.; Helfrich, Karl R.; Chassignet, Eric P. (Cambridge University Press, 2000-09-08)
      In order to gain insight into the hydraulics of rotating-channel flow, a set of initial-value problems analogous to Long's towing experiments is considered. Specifically, we calculate the adjustment caused by the introduction ...
    • Hydraulic criticality of the exchange flow through the Strait of Gibraltar 

      Sannino, Gianmaria; Pratt, Lawrence J.; Carillo, Adriana (American Meteorological Society, 2009-11)
      The hydraulic state of the exchange circulation through the Strait of Gibraltar is defined using a recently developed critical condition that accounts for cross-channel variations in layer thickness and velocity, applied ...
    • Hydraulics and instabilities of quasi-geostrophic zonal flows 

      Ralph, Elise A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1994-09)
      The thesis addresses the applicability of traditional hydraulic theory to an unstable, mid-latitude jet where the only wave present is the Rossby wave modified by shear. While others (Armi 1989, Pratt 1989, Haynes et ...
    • HYDROBASE : a database of hydrographic stations and tools for climatological analysis 

      Curry, Ruth G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1996-03)
      This report documents the organization, functionality, and algorithms of a software package which operates as a database manager and toolset for climatological analysis of hydrographic station data. It details the methods ...
    • Hydrographic data from Endeavor 214 : a study of the Gulf Stream - Deep Western Boundary Current crossover 

      Pickart, Robert S.; McKee, Theresa K.; Smethie, William M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-05)
      In late June, 1990, a 17-day cruise aboard R/V ENDEAVOR was undertaken to investigate the manner in which the Deep Western Boundary Current (DWBC) crosses under the Gulf Stream. Forty-four CTD casts, comprising five ...
    • Hydrographic data from Endeavor 223 : formation and spreading of the shallow component of the North Atlantic deep western boundary current 

      McKee, Theresa K.; Pickart, Robert S.; Smethie, William M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1995-05)
      In March-April, 1991, a 34-day hydrographic cruise aboard R/V Endeavor was undertaken to investigate the formation of the shallow component of the North Atlantic Deep Western Boundary Current (DWBC). Forty-seven stations ...
    • Hydrographic data from R. V. Endeavor cruise 129 

      Knapp, George P. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-09)
      Hydrographic and CTD data collected during R.V. Endeavor cruise 129 are presented. These data include temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen observed at standard levels by a Neil Brown Instrument Systems' CTD-02 ...
    • Hydrographic data from R.V. Oceanus cruise 133, leg VII 

      Knapp, George P.; Stommel, Henry M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985-12)
      Hydrographic data collected during R.V. Oceanus cruise 133, leg VII are presented. These data include temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen observed at standard levels by a Neil Brown Instrument Systems' CTD-02 ...
    • Hydrographic data from R/V Endeavor cruise #143 

      Stalcup, Marvel C.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Bullister, John L.; Barbour, R. Lorraine; Dunworth, Jane A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-03)
      Hydrographic data collected during R/V Endeavor cruise 143 is presented as a preliminary study of subduction in the northeast Atlantic south of the Azores Front. The front is clearly defined at the northern end of CTD ...
    • Hydrographic data from R/V Endeavor cruise #90 

      Stalcup, Marvel C.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Barbour, R. Lorraine; Dunworth, Jane A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-03)
      The final cruise of the NSF sponsored Warm Core Rings Program studied a Warm Core Ring (WCR) in the Fall of 1982 as it formed from a large northward meander of the Gulf Stream. This ring, known as 82-H or the eighth ...
    • Hydrographic data from the 10°N transpacific cruise R/V Moana Wave cruise #89-3, -4, -6 

      EPIC Voyageurs (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1991-09)
      A trans-Pacific hydrographic section along approximate latitude 10°N was occupied in February-May, 1989, from the R/V Moana Wave. A description of the instrumentation employed and data reduction techniques is given. ...