Now showing items 469-488 of 1475

    • Forum for Arctic Modeling and Observational Synthesis (FAMOS) : past, current, and future activities 

      Proshutinsky, Andrey; Steele, Michael; Timmermans, Mary-Louise (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-06-03)
      The overall goal of the Forum for Arctic Modeling and Observational Synthesis (FAMOS) community activities reported in this special issue is to enhance understanding of processes and mechanisms driving Arctic Ocean marine ...
    • Four current meter models compared in strong currents in Drake Passage 

      Watts, D. Randolph; Kennelly, Maureen A.; Donohue, Kathleen A.; Tracey, Karen L.; Chereskin, Teresa K.; Weller, Robert A.; Victoria, Ivan (American Meteorological Society, 2013-10)
      Seven current meters representing four models on a stiffly buoyed mooring were placed for an 11-month deployment to intercompare their velocity measurements: two vector-measuring current meters (VMCMs), two Aanderaa recording ...
    • Frequency content of sea surface height variability from internal gravity waves to mesoscale eddies 

      Savage, Anna C.; Arbic, Brian K.; Richman, James G.; Shriver, Jay F.; Alford, Matthew H.; Buijsman, Maarten C.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Sharma, Hari; Voet, Gunnar; Wallcraft, Alan J.; Zamudio, Luis (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-03-28)
      High horizontal-resolution (1=12:5° and 1=25°) 41-layer global simulations of the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM), forced by both atmospheric fields and the astronomical tidal potential, are used to construct global ...
    • Freshwater and its role in the Arctic Marine System : sources, disposition, storage, export, and physical and biogeochemical consequences in the Arctic and global oceans 

      Carmack, Edward C.; Yamamoto-Kawai, Michiyo; Haine, Thomas W. N.; Bacon, Sheldon; Bluhm, Bodil A.; Lique, Camille; Melling, Humfrey; Polyakov, Igor V.; Straneo, Fiamma; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Williams, William J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-03-30)
      The Arctic Ocean is a fundamental node in the global hydrological cycle and the ocean's thermohaline circulation. We here assess the system's key functions and processes: (1) the delivery of fresh and low-salinity waters ...
    • Freshwater composition of the waters off southeast Greenland and their link to the Arctic Ocean 

      Sutherland, David A.; Pickart, Robert S.; Jones, E. Peter; Azetsu-Scott, Kumiko; Eert, A. Jane; Olafsson, Jon (American Geophysical Union, 2009-05-27)
      The freshwater composition of waters on the southeast Greenland shelf and slope are described using a set of high-resolution transects occupied in summer 2004, which included hydrographic, velocity, nutrient, and chemical ...
    • Freshwater content variability in the Arctic Ocean 

      Hakkinen, Sirpa M. A.; Proshutinsky, Andrey (American Geophysical Union, 2004-03-31)
      Arctic Ocean model simulations have revealed that the Arctic Ocean has a basin-wide oscillation with cyclonic and anticyclonic circulation anomalies (Arctic Ocean Oscillation (AOO)) that has a prominent decadal variability ...
    • Freshwater export from the Labrador Current to the North Atlantic Current at the Tail of the Grand Banks of Newfoundland 

      Fratantoni, Paula S.; McCartney, Michael S. (2009-11)
      Historical hydrographic data, spanning the period 1896-2006, are used to examine the annual mean and seasonal variations in the distribution of freshwater along and across the shelf/slope boundary along the Labrador and ...
    • Freshwater in the Bay of Bengal : its fate and role in air-sea heat exchange 

      Mahadevan, Amala; Spiro Jaeger, Gualtiero; Freilich, Mara; Omand, Melissa M.; Shroyer, Emily; Sengupta, Debasis (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
      The strong salinity stratification in the upper 50–80 m of the Bay of Bengal affects the response of the upper ocean to surface heat fluxes. Using observations from November to December 2013, we examine the effect of surface ...
    • Friction, frontogenesis, and the stratification of the surface mixed layer 

      Thomas, Leif N.; Ferrari, Raffaele (American Meteorological Society, 2008-11)
      The generation and destruction of stratification in the surface mixed layer of the ocean is understood to result from vertical turbulent transport of buoyancy and momentum driven by air–sea fluxes and stresses. In this ...
    • Frictional secondary circulation near an upwelled thermocline 

      Csanady, Gabriel T. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-12)
      A first order, linear analysis of thermocline upwelling shows that a quasigeostrophic baroclinic jet accompanies the upwelling. The secondary circulation induced in such a flow field in a meridional plane by turbulent ...
    • From salty to fresh—salinity processes in the Upper-ocean Regional Study-2 (SPURS-2) : diagnosing the physics of a rainfall-dominated salinity minimum 

      Schmitt, Raymond W.; Asher, William E.; Bingham, Frederick; Carton, James A.; Centurioni, Luca R.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Gordon, Arnold L.; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Jessup, Andrew T.; Kessler, William S.; Rainville, Luc; Shcherbina, Andrey Y. (The Oceanography Society, 2015-03)
      One of the notable features of the global ocean is that the salinity of the North Atlantic is about 1 psu higher than that of the North Pacific. This contrast is thought to be due to one of the large asymmetries in the ...
    • Frontal dynamics boost primary production in the summer stratified Mediterranean sea 

      Olita, Antonio; Capet, Arthur; Claret, Mariona; Mahadevan, Amala; Poulain, Pierre Marie; Ribotti, Alberto; Ruiz, Simon; Tintoré, Joaquín; Tovar-Sánchez, Antonio; Pascual, Ananda (2017-05)
      Bio-physical glider measurements from a unique process-oriented experiment in the Eastern Alboran Sea (AlborEx) allowed us to observe the distribution of the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) across an intense density front, ...
    • An FSK telemetry module for vector measuring current meters 

      Fucile, Paul D.; Valdes, James R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1987-12)
      The EG&G Vector Measuring Current Meter (VMCM) used in mooring work provides a 20 ma Serial ASCII Instrumentation Loop (SAIL) communication system. A projected application of the VMCM is to have a surface mooring ...
    • Fukushima-derived radionuclides in the ocean and biota off Japan 

      Buesseler, Ken O.; Jayne, Steven R.; Fisher, Nicholas S.; Rypina, Irina I.; Baumann, Hannes; Baumann, Zofia; Breier, Crystaline F.; Douglass, Elizabeth M.; George, Jennifer; Macdonald, Alison M.; Miyamoto, Hiroomi; Nishikawa, Jun; Pike, Steven M.; Yoshida, Sachiko (National Academy of Sciences, 2012-04-02)
    • FVCOM validation experiments : comparisons with ROMS for three idealized barotropic test problems 

      Huang, Haosheng; Chen, Changsheng; Cowles, Geoffrey W.; Winant, Clinton D.; Beardsley, Robert C.; Hedstrom, Kate S.; Haidvogel, Dale B. (American Geophysical Union, 2008-07-26)
      The unstructured-grid Finite-Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM) is evaluated using three idealized benchmark test problems: the Rossby equatorial soliton, the hydraulic jump, and the three-dimensional barotropic wind-driven ...
    • Gabriel T. Csanady : understanding the physics of the ocean 

      Pelegri, Josep L.; Churchill, James H.; Kirwan, A. D.; Lee, S.-K.; Munn, R. E.; Pettigrew, Neal R. (2006-03-26)
      Gabriel T. Csanady turned 80 in December 2005 and we celebrate it with this special Progress in Oceanography issue. It comprises 20 papers covering some of the many areas that Gabe contributed significantly throughout his ...
    • Generalized conditions for hydraulic criticality of oceanic overflows 

      Pratt, Lawrence J.; Helfrich, Karl R. (American Meteorological Society, 2005-10)
      Two methods for assessing the hydraulic criticality of an observed or modeled overflow are discussed. The methods are valid for single-layer deep flows with arbitrary potential vorticity and cross section. The first method ...
    • Generation and maintenance of recirculations by Gulf Stream instabilities 

      Beliakova, Natalia Y. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1999-02)
      This thesis studies the problems of generation and maintenance of recirculations by Gulf Stream instabilities. Observations show that the horizontal structure of the jet and its recirculations suffer significant changes ...
    • Generation and propagation of nonlinear internal waves in Massachusetts Bay 

      Scotti, Alberto; Beardsley, Robert C.; Butman, Bradford (American Geophysical Union, 2007-10-02)
      During the summer, nonlinear internal waves (NLIWs) are commonly observed propagating in Massachusetts Bay. The topography of the area is unique in the sense that the generation area (over Stellwagen Bank) is only 25 km ...
    • Generation of mid-ocean eddies : the local baroclinic instability hypothesis 

      Arbic, Brian K. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2000-08)
      The plausibility of local baroclinic instability as a generation mechanism for midocean mesoscale eddies is examined with a two-layer, quasi-geostrophic (QG) model forced by an imposed, horizontally homogeneous, vertically ...