Now showing items 469-488 of 1413

    • Gibraltar experiment : a plan for dynamic and kinematic investigations of strait mixing, exchange and turbulence 

      Bryden, Harry L.; Kinder, Thomas H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-08)
      The flow through the Strait of Gibraltar has always held a special fascination for oceanographers. Attempts to understand and measure the strong currents in the Strait stimulated many of the early advances in oceanography ...
    • Gibraltar experiment : summary of the field program and initial results of the Gibraltar experiment 

      Kinder, Thomas H.; Bryden, Harry L. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-08)
      During the period October 1985 to October 1986 a large group of oceanographers collaborated in an intensive field effort called the Gibraltar Experiment. Scientists from Morocco, Spain, France, the United Kingdom, Canada ...
    • Global barotropic variability of the ocean in response to atmospheric forcing based on multichannel regression and Kalman filter techniques 

      Chechelnitsky, Michael Y. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1996-05)
      TOPEX/POSEIDON altimetry data are employed in the analysis of the global ocean response to atmospheric forcing. We use two different approaches to test the hypothesis that the global sea surface height variability can ...
    • Global distribution of the decay timescale of mixed layer inertial motions observed by satellite-tracked drifters 

      Park, Jong Jin; Kim, Kuh; Schmitt, Raymond W. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-11-05)
      The decay timescale of mixed layer inertial amplitudes has been estimated from satellite tracked drifter trajectories from 1990 to 2004 as the e-folding timescale of the temporal correlation functions. The decay timescales ...
    • The global oceanic freshwater cycle : a state-of-the-art quantification 

      Schanze, Julian J.; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Yu, Lisan (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2010-05-01)
      The current capabilities of quantifying the oceanic freshwater cycle are shown based on new observations from satellite data and re-analysis models for evaporation and precipitation over the ocean. For this purpose, we ...
    • Global patterns of diapycnal mixing from measurements of the turbulent dissipation rate 

      Waterhouse, Amy F.; MacKinnon, Jennifer A.; Nash, Jonathan D.; Alford, Matthew H.; Kunze, Eric; Simmons, Harper L.; Polzin, Kurt L.; St. Laurent, Louis C.; Sun, Oliver M. T.; Pinkel, Robert; Talley, Lynne D.; Whalen, Caitlin B.; Huussen, Tycho N.; Carter, Glenn S.; Fer, Ilker; Waterman, Stephanie N.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Sanford, Thomas B.; Lee, Craig M. (American Meteorological Society, 2014-07)
      The authors present inferences of diapycnal diffusivity from a compilation of over 5200 microstructure profiles. As microstructure observations are sparse, these are supplemented with indirect measurements of mixing obtained ...
    • A global relationship between the ocean water cycle and near-surface salinity 

      Yu, Lisan (American Geophysical Union, 2011-10-18)
      Ocean evaporation (E) and precipitation (P) are the fundamental components of the global water cycle. They are also the freshwater flux forcing (i.e., E-P) for the open ocean salinity. The apparent connection between ocean ...
    • The global subduction/obduction rates : their interannual and decadal variability 

      Liu, Ling Ling; Huang, Rui Xin (American Meteorological Society, 2012-02-15)
      Ventilation, including subduction and obduction, for the global oceans was examined using Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) outputs. The global subduction rate averaged over the period from 1959 to 2006 is estimated ...
    • Global variations in oceanic evaporation (1958–2005) : the role of the changing wind speed 

      Yu, Lisan (American Meteorological Society, 2007-11-01)
      Global estimates of oceanic evaporation (Evp) from 1958 to 2005 have been recently developed by the Objectively Analyzed Air–Sea Fluxes (OAFlux) project at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). The nearly 50-yr ...
    • Global-mean marine δ13C and its uncertainty in a glacial state estimate 

      Gebbie, Geoffrey A.; Peterson, Carlye D.; Lisiecki, Lorraine E.; Spero, Howard J. (2015-08)
      A paleo-data compilation with 492 δ13C and δ18O observations provides the opportunity to better sample the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and infer its global properties, such as the mean δ13C of dissolved inorganic carbon. ...
    • The good, the bad, and the tiny : a simple, mechanistic-probabilistic model of virus-nutrient colimitation in microbes 

      Cael, B. Barry (Public Library of Science, 2015-11-23)
      For phytoplankton and other microbes, nutrient receptors are often the passages through which viruses invade. This presents a bottom-up vs. top-down, co-limitation scenario; how do these would-be-hosts balance minimizing ...
    • A graphical user interface for processing data from the high resolution profiler (HRP) 

      Montgomery, Ellyn T.; Bolmer, S. Thompson (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-03)
      The High Resolution Profiler (HRP) is one of the only oceanographic instruments that is capable of measuring turbulent velocity and temperature fluctuations in the abyssal ocean. It is a unique device, and consequently ...
    • Gravitational potential energy balance for the thermal circulation in a model ocean 

      Huang, Rui Xin; Jin, Xiangze (American Meteorological Society, 2006-07)
      The gravitational potential energy balance of the thermal circulation in a simple rectangular model basin is diagnosed from numerical experiments based on a mass-conserving oceanic general circulation model. The vertical ...
    • Gravity currents and internal waves in a stratified fluid 

      White, Brian L.; Helfrich, Karl R. (Cambridge University Press, 2008-11-14)
      A steady theory is presented for gravity currents propagating with constant speed into a stratified fluid with a general density profile. Solution curves for front speed versus height have an energy-conserving upper bound ...
    • Gravity currents from a dam-break in a rotating channel 

      Helfrich, Karl R.; Mullarney, Julia C. (Cambridge University Press, 2005-07-26)
      The generation of a gravity current by the release of a semi-infinite region of buoyant fluid of depth $H$ overlying a deeper, denser and quiescent lower layer in a rotating channel of width $w$ is considered. Previous ...
    • Gravity observations 09.0°E to 37.9°W along the equator 

      Dean, Jerome P.; McCullough, C. B. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1972-07)
      This report presents free air gravity values and computed free air anomalies obtained on an equatorial traverse from 09°00'E. to 37°56'W. It is the second of a series of reports presenting the gravity data to be used in ...
    • The Greenland Flow Distortion Experiment 

      Renfrew, Ian A.; Petersen, Guðrún N.; Outten, S.; Sproson, D.; Moore, G. W. K.; Hay, C.; Ohigashi, T.; Zhang, S.; Kristjansson, J. E.; Fore, I.; Olafsson, H.; Gray, S. L.; Irvine, E. A.; Bovis, K.; Brown, P. R. A.; Swinbank, R.; Haine, Thomas W. N.; Lawrence, A.; Pickart, Robert S.; Shapiro, M.; Woolley, A. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-09)
      Greenland has a major influence on the atmospheric circulation of the North Atlantic–western European region, dictating the location and strength of mesoscale weather systems around the coastal seas of Greenland and directly ...
    • Greenland freshwater pathways in the sub-Arctic Seas from model experiments with passive tracers 

      Dukhovskoy, Dmitry S.; Myers, Paul G.; Platov, Gennady A.; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Curry, Beth; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Bamber, Jonathan L.; Chassignet, Eric P.; Hu, Xianmin; Lee, Craig M.; Somavilla, Raquel (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-25)
      Accelerating since the early 1990s, the Greenland Ice Sheet mass loss exerts a significant impact on thermohaline processes in the sub-Arctic seas. Surplus freshwater discharge from Greenland since the 1990s, comparable ...
    • Greenland's Island Rule and the Arctic Ocean circulation 

      Joyce, Terrence M.; Proshutinsky, Andrey (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2007-09)
      In order to explain observed southward water transport of 2-3 Sv through Davis Strait, a simple extension of Godfrey's (1989) Island Rule and a 2-D idealized numerical model simulations were made for the flow around ...
    • Gulf Stream Recirculation Experiment (GUSREX) and line experiment SOFAR float data, 1980-1982 

      Kennelly, Maureen A.; McKee, Theresa K. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-11)
      Thirty-nine neutrally buoyant SOFAR floats were tracked in the western North Atlantic at depths of 700 m and 2000 m. These floats were launched in an effort to measure the deep current structure of the Gulf Stream and ...