Now showing items 362-381 of 1279

    • Experimental study of the effect of rotation on nonlinear internal waves 

      Grimshaw, Roger H. J.; Helfrich, Karl R.; Johnson, Edward R. (2013-03-01)
      Large amplitude internal waves are commonly observed in the coastal ocean. In the weakly nonlinear long wave r egime, they are often modeled by the Korteweg-de Vries equation, which predicts that the long-time outcome ...
    • An experimental study on mixing induced by gravity currents on a sloping bottom in a rotating fluid 

      Ohiwa, Mitchihiro (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2002-09)
      Mixing induced by gravity currents on a sloping bottom was studied through laboratory experiments in a rotating fluid. The dense fluid on the sloping bottom formed a gravity current that could be in regimes where the ...
    • An experimental study on thermal circulation driven by horizontal differential heating 

      Wang, Wei; Huang, Rui Xin (Cambridge University Press, 2005-09-27)
      Circulation driven by horizontal differential heating is studied, using a double-walled Plexiglas tank (20×15×2.5 cm3) filled with salt water. For instances of heating/cooling from above and below, results indicate that ...
    • Experiments in a rotating source-sink annulus 

      Ingram, Richard Grant (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1971-08)
      An experimental investigation of the different flow regimes in a rotating source-sink annulus is described. Both the steady and transient velocities are measured over a large range of Ekman Reynolds number and Rossby number. ...
    • Explaining the global distribution of peak-spectrum variability of sea surface height 

      Lin, Xiaopei; Yang, Jiayan; Wu, Dexing; Zhai, Ping (American Geophysical Union, 2008-07-19)
      A 14-year satellite observation of sea surface height (SSH) reveals an interesting pattern. Along any latitude, there is a frequency at which the SSH power spectrum peaks, regardless of which hemisphere or oceanic basin. ...
    • An exploration of the North Atlantic current and its recirculation in the Newfoundland basin using SOFAR floats 

      Owens, W. Brechner; Zemanovic, Marguerite E. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-07)
      Trajectories and time series of velocity, temperature, and pressure are presented for 13 neutrally-buoyant, acoustically tracked (SOFAR) floats that were launched in May and June, 1986 in the Newfoundland Basin by the ...
    • Exploring practical estimates of the ensemble size necessary for particle filters 

      Slivinski, Laura; Snyder, Chris (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11-11)
      Particle filtering methods for data assimilation may suffer from the “curse of dimensionality,” where the required ensemble size grows rapidly as the dimension increases. It would, therefore, be useful to know a priori ...
    • Exploring the North Atlantic Ocean on floppy disks 

      Luyten, James R.; Stommel, Henry M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-12)
      A selection of hydrographic station data in the Atlantic between 8°S and 70°N is packed on four 5 1/4" floppy disks. Sample utility programs for reading and plotting the data are also on the disks. We present this ...
    • Explosive volcanism on the ultraslow-spreading Gakkel ridge, Arctic Ocean 

      Sohn, Robert A.; Willis, Claire; Humphris, Susan E.; Shank, Timothy M.; Singh, Hanumant; Edmonds, Henrietta N.; Kunz, Clayton G.; Hedman, Ulf; Helmke, Elisabeth; Jakuba, Michael V.; Liljebladh, Bengt; Linder, Julia; Murphy, Christopher A.; Nakamura, Ko-ichi; Sato, Taichi; Schlindwein, Vera; Stranne, Christian; Tausenfreund, Upchurch; Winsor, Peter; Jakobsson, Martin; Soule, Samuel A. (2007-11-26)
      Roughly 60% of the Earth’s outer surface is comprised of oceanic crust formed by volcanic processes at mid-ocean ridges (MORs). Although only a small fraction of this vast volcanic terrain has been visually surveyed ...
    • Extracting wind sea and swell from directional wave spectra derived from a bottom-mounted ADCP 

      Churchill, James H.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Faluotico, Stephen M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2006-07)
      Recent advances in processing velocity data from bottom-mounted Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs) offer the capability of partitioning directional wave specctra of surface wave height in order to separate locally ...
    • Extratropical storm inundation testbed : intermodel comparisons in Scituate, Massachusetts 

      Chen, Changsheng; Beardsley, Robert C.; Luettich, Richard A.; Westerink, Joannes J.; Wang, Harry; Perrie, Will; Xu, Qichun; Donahue, Aaron S.; Qi, Jianhua; Lin, Huichan; Zhao, Liuzhi; Kerr, Patrick C.; Meng, Yanqiu; Toulany, Bash (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-10-07)
      The Integrated Ocean Observing System Super-regional Coastal Modeling Testbed had one objective to evaluate the capabilities of three unstructured-grid fully current-wave coupled ocean models (ADCIRC/SWAN, FVCOM/SWAVE, ...
    • Extreme rainfall activity in the Australian tropics reflects changes in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation over the last two millennia 

      Denniston, Rhawn F.; Villarini, Gabriele; Gonzales, Angelique N.; Wyrwoll, Karl-Heinz; Polyak, Victor J.; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Lachniet, Matthew S.; Wanamaker, Alan D.; Humphreys, William F.; Woods, David; Cugley, John (2015-03)
      Assessing temporal variability in extreme rainfall events prior to the historical era is complicated by the sparsity of long-term ‘direct’ storm proxies. Here we present a 2200-yr-long, accurate and precisely dated record ...
    • Factors governing the deep ventilation of the Red Sea 

      Papadopoulos, Vassilis P.; Zhan, Peng; Sofianos, Sarantis S.; Raitsos, Dionysios E.; Qurban, Mohammed; Abualnaja, Yasser; Bower, Amy S.; Kontoyiannis, Harilaos; Pavlidou, Alexandra; Asharaf, T. T. Mohamed; Zarokanellos, Nikolaos; Hoteit, Ibrahim (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-19)
      A variety of data based on hydrographic measurements, satellite observations, reanalysis databases, and meteorological observations are used to explore the interannual variability and factors governing the deep water ...
    • FASINEX (Frontal Air-Sea Interaction Experiment) moored instrumentation 

      Trask, Richard P.; Dean, Jerome P.; Valdes, James R.; Marquette, Craig D. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1989-02)
      In 1986, FASINEX, a Frontal Air-Sea Interaction Experiment, a multi-investigator cooperative experiment, was conducted to study the role of horizontal variability in air-sea interaction in the persistent front formed ...
    • FASINEX moored current meter array data report including WHOI meteorologically instrumented surface moorings (F2-845, F4-846, F6-847. F8-848. F10-849) and WHOI long term subsurface moorings (F1-829, F12-830) 

      Pennington, Nancy J.; Weller, Robert A.; Brink, Kenneth H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-12)
      The Frontal Air-Sea Interaction Experiment (FASINEX) examined air-sea interaction in the vicinity of sea surface temperature fronts in the Subtropical Convergence Zone (STCZ). Mooring measurements were made from five ...
    • The fate of North Atlantic Subtropical Mode Water in the FLAME model 

      Gary, Stefan F.; Lozier, M. Susan; Kwon, Young-Oh; Park, Jong Jin (American Meteorological Society, 2014-05)
      North Atlantic Subtropical Mode Water, also known as Eighteen Degree Water (EDW), has the potential to store heat anomalies through its seasonal cycle: the water mass is in contact with the atmosphere in winter, isolated ...
    • Feasibility of wireless data transmission on ships 

      Hosom, David S. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1997-10)
      This report will present the results of an investigation into the feasibility of several modes of wireless data transmission including: (1) radio frequency modems, (2) acoustic modems (using the ship's steel hull for a ...
    • Fine- and microstructure observations at Fieberling Guyot : R/V New Horizon cruise report 

      Montgomery, Ellyn T.; Toole, John M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1993-11)
      This report describes fine- and microstructure profile data taken on a cruise to Fieberling Guyot, a seamount in the northeast subtropical Pacific Ocean. The work performed at sea, instruments used, data return and ...
    • Finescale parameterizations of turbulent dissipation 

      Polzin, Kurt L.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Huussen, Tycho N.; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Waterman, Stephanie N. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-02-25)
      This article (1) reviews and clarifies the basic physics underpinning finescale parameterizations of turbulent dissipation due to internal wave breaking and (2) provides advice on the implementation of the parameterizations ...
    • Finescale structure of the T-S relation in the eastern North Atlantic 

      Ferrari, Raffaele; Polzin, Kurt L. (American Meteorological Society, 2005-08)
      Distributions of temperature (T) and salinity (S) and their relationship in the oceans are the result of a balance between T–S variability generated at the surface by air–sea fluxes and its removal by molecular dissipation. ...