Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Warm core ring cruise #1 : R/V Endeavor cruise no. 74 

    Stalcup, Marvel C.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Dunworth, Jane A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-07)
    At 1300 hours on 12 September 1981 the research vessel ENDEAVOR departed Woods Hole on a 22 day cruise to study the physical, chemical and biological structure of warm core ring 81-D. The cruise was the first of 5 ...
  • Extreme weather and climate events with ecological relevance : a review 

    Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Meehl, Gerald A. (2017-05)
    Robust evidence exists that certain extreme weather and climate events, especially daily temperature and precipitation extremes, have changed in regard to intensity and frequency over recent decades. These changes have ...
  • Greater role for Atlantic inflows on sea-ice loss in the Eurasian Basin of the Arctic Ocean 

    Polyakov, Igor V.; Pnyushkov, Andrey; Alkire, Matthew; Ashik, Igor M.; Baumann, Till M.; Carmack, Eddy C.; Goszczko, Ilona; Guthrie, John D.; Ivanov, Vladimir V.; Kanzow, Torsten; Krishfield, Richard A.; Kwok, Ron; Sundfjord, Arild; Morison, James H.; Rember, Robert; Yulin, Alexander (2017-03)
    Arctic sea-ice loss is a leading indicator of climate change and can be attributed, in large part, to atmospheric forcing. Here we show that recent ice reductions, weakening of the halocline, and shoaling of intermediate-depth ...
  • Hydrographic station data obtained in the East China Sea, June, 1980 

    Limeburner, Richard; Beardsley, Robert C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-03)
    Three surveys were made during June, 1980 on the R/V Oceanographer to measure the regional hydrographic structure in the East China Sea near the mouth of the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River. The objective of the hydrograph ...
  • CODE-1 : moored array and large-scale data report 

    Beardsley, Robert C.; Mills, Carol A.; Rosenfeld, Leslie K.; Bratkovich, Alan W.; Erdman, M. Rustin; Winant, Clinton D.; Allen, John S.; Halliwell, George R.; Brown, Wendell S.; Irish, James D. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983-08)
    The Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment (CODE) was undertaken to identify and study the important dynamical processes which govern the wind-driven motion of coastal water over the continental shelf. The initial effort ...
  • Sea surface pCO2 and O2 dynamics in the partially ice-covered Arctic Ocean 

    Islam, Fakhrul; DeGrandpre, Michael D.; Beatty, Cory; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Krishfield, Richard A.; Toole, John M.; Laney, Samuel R. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-25)
    Understanding the physical and biogeochemical processes that control CO2 and dissolved oxygen (DO) dynamics in the Arctic Ocean (AO) is crucial for predicting future air-sea CO2 fluxes and ocean acidification. Past studies ...
  • Entrainment in a dense current flowing down a rough sloping bottom in a rotating fluid 

    Ottolenghi, Luisa; Cenedese, Claudia; Adduce, Claudia (American Meteorological Society, 2017-02-20)
    Dense oceanic overflows descend over the rough topography of the continental slope entraining and mixing with surrounding waters. The associated dilution dictates the fate of these currents and thus is of fundamental ...
  • Spatial variability of the Arctic Ocean's double-diffusive staircase 

    Shibley, Nicole C.; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Carpenter, Jeffrey R.; Toole, John M. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-08)
    The Arctic Ocean thermohaline stratification frequently exhibits a staircase structure overlying the Atlantic Water Layer that can be attributed to the diffusive form of double-diffusive convection. The staircase consists ...
  • Reconstruction of ocean's interior from observed sea surface information 

    Liu, Lei; Peng, Shiqiu; Huang, Rui Xin (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-10)
    Observational surface data are used to reconstruct the ocean's interior through the “interior + surface quasigeostrophic” (isQG) method. The input data include the satellite-derived sea surface height, satellite-derived ...
  • Seasonal warming of the Middle Atlantic Bight Cold Pool 

    Lentz, Steven J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-02)
    The Cold Pool is a 20–60 m thick band of cold, near-bottom water that persists from spring to fall over the midshelf and outer shelf of the Middle Atlantic Bight (MAB) and Southern Flank of Georges Bank. The Cold Pool is ...
  • Recent wind-driven variability in Atlantic water mass distribution and meridional overturning circulation 

    Evans, Dafydd Gwyn; Toole, John M.; Forget, Gael; Zika, Jan D.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Nurser, A. J. George; Yu, Lisan (American Meteorological Society, 2017-03-17)
    Interannual variability in the volumetric water mass distribution within the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre is described in relation to variability in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. The relative roles ...
  • Multidecadal Indian Ocean variability linked to the Pacific and implications for preconditioning Indian Ocean dipole events 

    Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Biastoch, Arne; Böning, Claus W. (American Meteorological Society, 2017-02-15)
    The Indian Ocean has sustained robust surface warming in recent decades, but the role of multidecadal variability remains unclear. Using ocean model hindcasts, characteristics of low-frequency Indian Ocean temperature ...
  • Mean Eulerian subsurface currents measured in the Gulf of Maine and adjacent Scotian and New England shelf and slope regions, 1974-1980 

    Beardsley, Robert C.; Alessi, Carol A.; Smith, Peter C.; Butman, Bradford (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983-11)
    The Bedford Institute of Oceanography, E.G.&G., National Marine Fisheries Service, U.S. Geological Survey, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have conducted separate moored array experiments during 1974- 1980 to ...
  • The CAMS interactive atlas package : a computerized program for the archiving and presentation of oceanographic data 

    Sgouros, Thomas A.; Keffer, Thomas (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983-10)
    The CAMS Interactive Atlas Package allows a user to computer contour any hydrographic quantity on any isosurface in any global projection. It consists of two parts: a large, and growing, data base which can be easily ...
  • Hydrographic station data of five surveys of the beta-triangle in the eastern North Atlantic, 1978-1981 

    Behringer, David W.; Knapp, George P.; Stanley, Robert J.; Stommel, Henry M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983-07)
    This is a data report, giving temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen data obtained during five surveys of the beta-triangle area of the eastern North Atlantic in the years 1979-81. The report is divided into two ...
  • Absolute velocity estimates from autonomous underwater gliders equipped with Doppler current profilers 

    Todd, Robert E.; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Sherman, Jeffrey; Owens, W. Brechner; George, Lawrence (American Meteorological Society, 2017-01-31)
    Doppler current profilers on autonomous underwater gliders measure water velocity relative to the moving glider over vertical ranges of O(10) m. Measurements obtained with 1-MHz Nortek acoustic Doppler dual current profilers ...
  • WHOI SDSL data-link project—ethernet telemetry through sea cables 

    Swartz, Marshall; Torres, Daniel J.; Liberatore, Stephen P.; Millard, Robert C. (American Meteorological Society, 2017-01-23)
    A data telemetry technique for communicating over standard oceanographic sea cables that achieves a nearly 100-fold increase in bandwidth as compared to traditional systems has been recently developed and successfully used ...
  • Multi-iteration approach to studying tracer spreading using drifter data 

    Rypina, Irina I.; Fertitta, David; Macdonald, Alison M.; Yoshida, Sachiko; Jayne, Steven R. (American Meteorological Society, 2017-01-31)
    A novel multi-iteration statistical method for studying tracer spreading using drifter data is introduced. The approach allows for the best use of the available drifter data by making use of a simple iterative procedure, ...
  • High-frequency side-scan sonar fish reconnaissance by autonomous underwater vehicles 

    Grothues, Thomas; Newhall, Arthur E.; Lynch, James F.; Vogel, Kaela S.; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G. (2016-05)
    A dichotomy between depth penetration and resolution as a function of sonar frequency, draw resolution, and beam spread challenges fish target classification from sonar. Moving high-frequency sources to depth using autonomous ...
  • Intraseasonal rainfall variability in the Bay of Bengal during the Summer Monsoon : coupling with the ocean and modulation by the Indian Ocean Dipole 

    Jongaramrungruang, Siraput; Seo, Hyodae; Ummenhofer, Caroline C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-01-24)
    The Indian Summer Monsoon rainfall exhibits pronounced intraseasonal variability in the Bay of Bengal (BoB). This study examines the intraseasonal rainfall variability with foci on the coupling with sea surface temperatures ...

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