Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Archived time-series of Atlantic Ocean meteorological variables and surface fluxes 

    Bunker, Andrew F.; Goldsmith, Roger A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-01)
    Time-series of monthly averages of latent, sensible and radiational heat fluxes and momentum fluxes at the surfaces of the North and South Atlantic Oceans were calculated from ship weather observations. These fluxes, ...
  • Free drifting buoy trajectories in the Gulf Stream system : 1975-1978 : a data report 

    Richardson, Philip L.; Wheat, Jeffrey J.; Bennett, Dolphus (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-01)
    From 1975 to 1978, thirty-one satellite-tracked free-drifting surface buoys were launched in the Gulf Stream system. Most of these buoys were launched in cyclonic rings, as part of an interdisciplinary Gulf Stream ...
  • Some evidence for boundary mixing in the deep ocean 

    Armi, Laurence (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-01)
    Profiles of salinity and potential temperature in the deep ocean are presented which suggest the characteristic signature of two complementary mixing processes: vertical mixing within ~50-m-thick layers at boundaries and ...
  • Observations of energetic low frequency current fluctuations in the Charlie-Gibbs fracture zone 

    Schmitz, William J.; Hogg, Nelson G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-02)
    Relatively energetic low frequency fluctuations in horizontal currents are found to exist below the thermocline in the northern trough of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone. For example, deep eddy kinetic energy levels there ...
  • A census of Gulf Stream rings, spring 1975 

    Richardson, Philip L.; Cheney, Robert E.; Worthington, L. Valentine (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-02)
    During 1975 several shipboard expendable bathythermograph surveys plus satellite infrared imagery provided a nearly synoptic view of the distribution and number of Gulf Stream rings in the western North Atlantic. Twelve ...
  • Atlantis II : cruise 102 : preliminary CTD data from Jasin 1978 

    Pennington, Nancy J.; Briscoe, Melbourne G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-12)
    102 profiles of conductivity, temperature, and depth (pressure) (CTD) were taken in the JASIN area northwest of Scotland in July-September 1978. These stations consisted of single and yo-yo profiles. The data set includes ...
  • Generalized Lagrangian coherent structures 

    Balasuriya, Sanjeeva; Ouellette, Nicholas T.; Rypina, Irina I. (2018-01-19)
    The notion of a Lagrangian Coherent Structure (LCS) is by now well established as a way to capture transient coherent transport dynamics in unsteady and aperiodic fluid flows that are known over finite time. We show that ...
  • Atlantis II : cruise 102 : moored and shipboard surface meteorological measurements during JASIN 1978 

    Briscoe, Melbourne G.; Alessi, Carol A.; Payne, Richard E.; Peal, Kenneth R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-12)
    During cruise 102 of the R/V Atlantis-II in the Joint Air-Sea Interaction Project (JASIN), surface meteorological data were gathered by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution personnel from two moored buoys and from the ...
  • A note on interior pathways in the meridional overturning circulation 

    Pedlosky, Joseph (American Meteorological Society, 2018-03-12)
    A simple oceanic model is presented for source–sink flow on the β plane to discuss the pathways from source to sink when transport boundary layers have large enough Reynolds numbers to be inertial in their dynamics. A ...
  • The interaction of recirculation gyres and a deep boundary current 

    Le Bras, Isabela Astiz; Jayne, Steven R.; Toole, John M. (American Meteorological Society, 2018-03-06)
    Motivated by the proximity of the Northern Recirculation Gyre and the deep western boundary current in the North Atlantic, an idealized model is used to investigate how recirculation gyres and a deep flow along a topographic ...
  • Dominant circulation patterns of the deep Gulf of Mexico 

    Perez-Brunius, Paula; Furey, Heather H.; Bower, Amy S.; Hamilton, Peter; Candela, Julio; García-Carrillo, Paula; Leben, Robert (American Meteorological Society, 2018-03-01)
    The large-scale circulation of the bottom layer of the Gulf of Mexico is analyzed, with special attention to the historically least studied western basin. The analysis is based on 4 years of data collected by 158 subsurface ...
  • Submesoscale processes at shallow salinity fronts in the Bay of Bengal : observations during the winter monsoon 

    Ramachandran, Sanjiv; Tandon, Amit; MacKinnon, Jennifer A.; Lucas, Andrew J.; Pinkel, Robert; Waterhouse, Amy F.; Nash, Jonathan D.; Shroyer, Emily L.; Mahadevan, Amala; Weller, Robert A.; Farrar, J. Thomas (American Meteorological Society, 2018-02-26)
    Lateral submesoscale processes and their influence on vertical stratification at shallow salinity fronts in the central Bay of Bengal during the winter monsoon are explored using high-resolution data from a cruise in ...
  • Influences of Pacific climate variability on decadal subsurface ocean heat content variations in the Indian Ocean 

    Jin, Xiaolin; Kwon, Young-Oh; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Seo, Hyodae; Schwarzkopf, Franziska U.; Biastoch, Arne; Böning, Claus W.; Wright, Jonathon S. (American Meteorological Society, 2018-04-30)
    Decadal variabilities in Indian Ocean subsurface ocean heat content (OHC; 50–300 m) since the 1950s are examined using ocean reanalyses. This study elaborates on how Pacific variability modulates the Indian Ocean on decadal ...
  • Observations of interaction between the internal wavefield and low-frequency flows in the North Atlantic 

    Ruddick, Barry R.; Joyce, Terrence M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-10)
    A total of four moorings from POLYMODE array I and II were analyzed in an investigation of the interaction of wavefields and mean flow. In particular, evidence for internal wave-mean flow interaction was sought by searching ...
  • Diagnosis and correction of malfunctional behavior in deep sea reversing thermometers 

    Whitney, Geoffrey G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-08)
    The nomenclature, morphology and functioning of deep sea reversing thermometers are identified and explained. The various types of malfunctions, nonfunctions and other aberrations are defined and detailed instructions ...
  • STD observations in the southwest Atlantic from cruise 16, leg 9 of the R/V Conrad and cruise 7-75 of the Ara Islas Orcadas 

    Georgi, Daniel T.; Amos, Anthony F.; Draganovic, K. E.; Raymer, Mary E. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-08)
    Continuous salinity-temperature-depth (STD) data from two cruises in the South Atlantic are presented in both tabular and graphic form. Thirty-seven of the stations were made during the R/V CONRAD cruise 16, leg 9, March ...
  • Westward mountain-gap wind jets of the northern Red Sea as seen by QuikSCAT 

    Menezes, Viviane V.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Bower, Amy S. (Elsevier, 2018-03-19)
    We analyse ten years of QuikSCAT satellite surface winds to statistically characterize the spatio-temporal variability of the westward mountain-gap wind jets over the northern Red Sea. These wind jets bring relatively cold ...
  • A moored instrument for vertical temperature gradients 

    Dean, Jerome P. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-12)
    Vector averaging current meters have been modified to measure the temperature gradient in addition to current and absolute temperature. The modified instrument measures the temperature difference between sensors spaced ...
  • The WHOI Moored Array Project 1963-1978 : data directory and bibliography 

    Tarbell, Susan A.; Chaffee, Margaret; Williams, Audrey; Payne, Richard E. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-08)
    General information about mooring locations, durations and data gathered by the Moored Array Project (also known as Buoy Group) between late 1963 and 1978 is listed. Also included is a comprehensive list of scientific ...
  • Near-surface ocean current sensors : problems and performance 

    McCullough, James R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-12)
    When current meters are used to measure mean horizontal currents in surface gravity waves, immunity to the vertical component of flow is important, even though the net vertical flow averages to zero and is normal to the ...

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