Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Nantucket whalers and the Franklin-Folger chart of the Gulf Stream 

    Richardson, Philip L.; Adams, Nathan T. (Nantucket Historical Association, 2018-04)
  • Leonardo da Vinci’s discovery of the dynamic soaring by birds in wind shear 

    Richardson, Philip L. (2018-07-03)
    Although Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) is well-known to have studied bird flight, few people realize that he was the first to document flight maneuvers now called dynamic soaring. Birds use these maneuvers to extract ...
  • North Atlantic natural variability modulates emergence of widespread Greenland melt in a warming climate 

    Hahn, Lily; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Kwon, Young-Oh (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-09-10)
    Record‐breaking melt over Greenland in recent decades is linked not only to climate change but also to natural variability, including persistent atmospheric high‐pressure conditions in the negative phase of the North ...
  • Global search for autumn‐lead sea surface salinity predictors of winter precipitation in southwestern United States 

    Liu, Tianjia; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Li, Laifang (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-08-22)
    Sea surface salinity (SSS) is sensitive to changes in ocean evaporation and precipitation, that is, to changes in the oceanic water cycle. Through the close connection between the oceanic and terrestrial water cycle, SSS ...
  • Overturning the Mediterranean thermohaline circulation 

    Waldman, Robin; Brüggemann, Nils; Bosse, Anthony; Spall, Michael A.; Somot, Samuel; Sevault, Florence (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-08-17)
    For more than five decades, the Mediterranean Sea has been identified as a region of so‐called thermohaline circulation, namely, of basin‐scale overturning driven by surface heat and freshwater exchanges. The commonly ...
  • Large cyclonic rings from the northeast Sargasso Sea 

    McCartney, Michael S.; Worthington, L. Valentine; Schmitz, William J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-12)
    Expendable bathythermograph observations have revealed large cold core cyclonic current rings to the east of 60°W in a region that mechanical bathythermograph observations (Parker, 1971) indicated to be devoid of rings. ...
  • Eddies, islands, and mixing 

    Hogg, Nelson G.; Katz, Eli J.; Sanford, Thomas B. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-12)
    As part of a field study of the relation between fine scale and large‐scale variations of water properties in the western North Atlantic, the waters in the vicinity of Bermuda were investigated in detail. Previous work in ...
  • Observations of the vertical distribution of low frequency kinetic energy in the western North Atlantic 

    Schmitz, William J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-11)
    Eddy or low frequency (periods greater than a day) kinetic energy per unit mass (KB) in the western North Atlantic is observed to increase approaching the Gulf Stream system along 55W longitude from the interior of the ...
  • Rossby waves with continuous stratification and bottom friction 

    Brink, Kenneth H.; Pedlosky, Joseph (American Meteorological Society, 2018-09-17)
    Published observations of subinertial ocean current variability show that the vertical structure is often well described by a vertical mode that has a node of horizontal velocity at the bottom rather than the traditional ...
  • Updated charts of the mean annual wind stress, convergences in the Ekman layers, and Sverdrup transports in the North Atlantic 

    Leetmaa, Ants; Bunker, Andrew F. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-08)
    From the wind stress computation of Bunker (1976) for the North Atlantic, the annual mean and seasonal vertical velocities which result from convergences in the Ekman Layers are computed. Charts of the geostrophic and ...
  • Space and time scales of mesoscale motion in the western North Atlantic 

    Richman, James G.; Wunsch, Carl; Hogg, Nelson G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2018-08)
    From moored data, primarily temperature, of the Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment (ModeI) and its successor experiments we find a statistical description of the mesoscale variability. In the ModeI area itself the spectral ...
  • A digital tape format for Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution CTD data 

    Millard, Robert C.; Blumer, A.; Galbraith, Nancy R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1989-05)
    A new digital data tape format has been developed to be used for data from the WHOI/Brown CTD microprofiler. CTD-78 Version 1 as detailed in this report is designed as a flexible and expandable internal data format ...
  • Performance of an absolute velocity profiler based on acoustic doppler and electromagnetic principles 

    Dunlap, John H.; Sanford, Thomas B.; Drever, Robert G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-03)
    This report describes the performance of a freely-falling velocity profiler called the Absolute Velocity Profiler (AVP) . The AVP is distinguishable from our previously developed velocity profiler the Electro-Magnetic ...
  • Evolution of the freshwater coastal current at the southern tip of Greenland 

    Lin, Peigen; Pickart, Robert S.; Torres, Daniel J.; Pacini, Astrid (American Meteorological Society, 2018-09-11)
    Shipboard hydrographic and velocity measurements collected in summer 2014 are used to study the evolution of the freshwater coastal current in southern Greenland as it encounters Cape Farewell. The velocity structure reveals ...
  • CTD observations in the western Mediterranean Sea during cruise 118, leg 2 of R/V Chain, February, 1975 

    Bryden, Harry L.; Millard, Robert C.; Porter, David L. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-03)
    Eighty-two CTD stations were taken in the Mediterranean Sea during February, 1975 . These stations were concentrated in the Alboran Sea near Gibraltar to investigate whether water typical of the deep western Mediterranean ...
  • Bispectra of internal waves 

    McComas, C. H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-03)
    Derived from the equations of motion, the bispectrum of power indicates the rate of energy transfer among components of the internal wave field . This, or any other bispectrum, can be evaluated from weak resonant ...
  • Wind stress on the ocean over the eastern continental shelf of North America 

    Saunders, Peter M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-07)
    Employing one million ship reports gathered in the years 1941-72 seasonal averages of the wind stress and its standard deviation have been computed for the shelf region of the eastern North American continent (out to a ...
  • Shapes of deep density-depth curves 

    Warren, Bruce A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-04)
    Deep density-depth curves often show faint curvature reversals, stability maxima, etc. Relationships between these features and the field of motion are explored here, in reference to the South Paclfic, for interior regions ...
  • On the deep general circulation in the western North Atlantic 

    Schmitz, William J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-04)
    Very large (5-10 cm s-1) long-term averaged zonal flows have been observed near 4000 m depth in the vicinity of a recently hypothesized (Worthington, in press) horizontally restricted subtropical gyre in the deep western ...
  • The dynamics of the bottom boundary layer of the deep ocean 

    Armi, Laurence (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-04)
    Profiles of salinity and temperature from the center of the Hatteras Abyssal Plain have a signature that is characteristic of mixing up a uniformly stratified region: a well-mixed layer above the bottom, bounded by an ...

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