Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Mid-Holocene, coral-based sea surface temperatures in the western tropical Atlantic 

    Rodriguez, Luis G.; Cohen, Anne L.; Ramirez, Wilson; Oppo, Delia W.; Pourmand, Ali; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Alpert, Alice; Mollica, Nathaniel R. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-05-31)
    The Holocene is considered a period of relative climatic stability, but significant proxy data‐model discrepancies exist that preclude consensus regarding the postglacial global temperature trajectory. In particular, a ...
  • Recent decadal change in the North Atlantic subtropical underwater associated with the poleward expansion of the surface salinity maximum 

    Liu, Hao; Yu, Lisan; Lin, Xiaopei (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-11)
    Yu et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075772) reported that the annual mean sea surface salinity maximum (SSS‐max) in the North Atlantic expanded northward by 0.35 ± 0.11° per decade over the 34‐year data record ...
  • Water mass evolution and circulation of the northeastern Chukchi Sea in summer: Implications for nutrient distributions 

    Lin, Peigen; Pickart, Robert S.; McRaven, Leah T.; Arrigo, Kevin R.; Bahr, Frank; Lowry, Kate E.; Stockwell, Dean A.; Mordy, Calvin W. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-07)
    Synoptic and historical shipboard data, spanning the period 1981–2017, are used to investigate the seasonal evolution of water masses on the northeastern Chukchi shelf and quantify the circulation patterns and their impact ...
  • Deepening of the winter mixed layer in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean over 2006-2017 

    Cole, Sylvia T.; Stadler, James (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-22)
    The Arctic Ocean mixed layer interacts with the ice cover above and warmer, nutrient‐rich waters below. Ice‐Tethered Profiler observations in the Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean over 2006–2017 are used to investigate ...
  • Less remineralized carbon in the intermediate-depth south Atlantic during Heinrich Stadial 1 

    Lacerra, Matthew; Lund, David C.; Gebbie, Geoffrey A.; Oppo, Delia W.; Yu, Jimin; Schmittner, Andreas; Umling, Natalie E. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-24)
    The last deglaciation (~20–10 kyr BP) was characterized by a major shift in Earth's climate state, when the global mean surface temperature rose ~4 °C and the concentration of atmospheric CO2 increased ~80 ppmv. Model ...
  • On the origin of water masses in the Beaufort Gyre 

    Kelly, Stephen; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Popova, Ekaterina E.; Aksenov, Yevgeny; Yool, Andrew (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-26)
    The Beaufort Gyre is a key feature of the Arctic Ocean, acting as a reservoir for freshwater in the region. Depending on whether the prevailing atmospheric circulation in the Arctic is anticyclonic or cyclonic, either a ...
  • Can we detect submesoscale motions in drifter pair dispersion? 

    Essink, Sebastian; Hormann, Verena; Centurioni, Luca R.; Mahadevan, Amala (American Meteorological Society, 2019-08-20)
    A cluster of 45 drifters deployed in the Bay of Bengal is tracked for a period of four months. Pair dispersion statistics, from observed drifter trajectories and simulated trajectories based on surface geostrophic velocity, ...
  • Improving near-surface retrievals of surface humidity over the global open oceans from passive microwave observations 

    Roberts, J. Brent; Clayson, Carol A.; Robertson, F. R. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-25)
    Ocean evaporative fluxes are a critical component of the Earth's energy and water cycle, but their estimation remains uncertain. Near‐surface humidity is a required input to bulk flux algorithms that relate mean surface ...
  • SEASTAR: A mission to study ocean submesoscale dynamics and small-scale atmosphere-ocean processes in coastal, shelf and polar seas 

    Gommenginger, Christine; Chapron, Bertrand; Hogg, Andy; Buckingham, Christian; Fox-Kemper, Baylor; Eriksson, Leif; Soulat, Francois; Ubelmann, Clement; Ocampo-Torres, Francisco; Nardelli, Bruno Buongiorno; Griffin, David; Lopez-Dekker, Paco; Knudsen, Per; Andersen, Ole; Stenseng, Lars; Stapleton, Neil; Perrie, Will; Violante-Carvalho, Nelson; Schulz-Stellenfleth, Johannes; Woolf, David K.; Isern-Fontanet, Jordi; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Klein, Patrice; Mouche, Alexis; Pascual, Ananda; Capet, Xavier; Hauser, Daniele; Stoffelen, Ad; Morrow, Rosemary; Aouf, Lotfi; Breivik, Øyvind; Fu, Lee-Lueng; Johannessen, Johnny A.; Aksenov, Yevgeny; Bricheno, Lucy; Hirschi, Joel; Martin, Adrien C. H.; Martin, Adrian P.; Nurser, A. J. George; Polton, Jeff; Wolf, Judith; Johnsen, Harald; Soloviev, Alexander; Jacobs, Gregg A.; Collard, Fabrice; Groom, Steve; Kudryavtsev, Vladimir; Wilkin, John L.; Navarro, Victor; Babanin, Alexander; Martin, Matthew; Siddorn, John; Saulter, Andrew; Rippeth, Tom; Emery, Bill; Maximenko, Nikolai; Romeiser, Roland; Graber, Hans C.; Alvera Azcarate, Aida; Hughes, Chris W.; Vandemark, Douglas; da Silva, Jose; Van Leeuwen, Peter Jan; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Gemmrich, Johannes; Mahadevan, Amala; Marquez, Jose; Munro, Yvonne; Doody, Sam; Burbidge, Geoff (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-13)
    High-resolution satellite images of ocean color and sea surface temperature reveal an abundance of ocean fronts, vortices and filaments at scales below 10 km but measurements of ocean surface dynamics at these scales are ...
  • Global perspectives on observing ocean boundary current systems 

    Todd, Robert E.; Chavez, Francisco P.; Clayton, Sophie A.; Cravatte, Sophie; Goes, Marlos Pereira; Graco, Michelle; Lin, Xiaopei; Sprintall, Janet; Zilberman, Nathalie; Archer, Matthew; Arístegui, Javier; Balmaseda, Magdalena A.; Bane, John M.; Baringer, Molly O.; Barth, John A.; Beal, Lisa M.; Brandt, Peter; Calil, Paulo H. R.; Campos, Edmo; Centurioni, Luca R.; Chidichimo, Maria Paz; Cirano, Mauro; Cronin, Meghan F.; Curchitser, Enrique N.; Davis, Russ E.; Dengler, Marcus; deYoung, Brad; Dong, Shenfu; Escribano, Ruben; Fassbender, Andrea; Fawcett, Sarah E.; Feng, Ming; Goni, Gustavo J.; Gray, Alison R.; Gutiérrez, Dimitri; Hebert, Dave; Hummels, Rebecca; Ito, Shin-ichi; Krug, Marjolaine; Lacan, Francois; Laurindo, Lucas; Lazar, Alban; Lee, Craig M.; Lengaigne, Matthieu; Levine, Naomi M.; Middleton, John; Montes, Ivonne; Muglia, Mike; Nagai, Takeyoshi; Palevsky, Hilary I.; Palter, Jaime B.; Phillips, Helen E.; Piola, Alberto R.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Qiu, Bo; Rodrigues, Regina; Roughan, Moninya; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Rykaczewski, Ryan R.; Saraceno, Martin; Seim, Harvey E.; Sen Gupta, Alexander; Shannon, Lynne; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Thompson, LuAnne; van der Plas, Anja K.; Volkov, Denis L.; Wilkin, John L.; Zhang, Dongxiao; Zhang, Linlin (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-08)
    Ocean boundary current systems are key components of the climate system, are home to highly productive ecosystems, and have numerous societal impacts. Establishment of a global network of boundary current observing systems ...
  • An observed regime shift in the formation of warm core rings from the gulf stream 

    Gangopadhyay, Avijit; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G.; Silva, E. Nishchitha S.; Monim, Mahmud-Ul-Hasan; Clark, Jenifer (Nature Research, 2019-08-23)
    We present observational evidence that a significant regime change occurred around the year 2000 in the formation of Warm Core Rings (WCRs) from the Gulf Stream (GS) between 75° and 55°W. The dataset for this study is a ...
  • Ocean observations to improve our understanding, modeling, and forecasting of subseasonal-to-seasonal variability 

    Subramanian, Aneesh C.; Balmaseda, Magdalena A.; Centurioni, Luca R.; Chattopadhyay, Rajib; Cornuelle, Bruce D.; DeMott, Charlotte; Flatau, Maria; Fujii, Yosuke; Giglio, Donata; Gille, Sarah T.; Hamill, Thomas M.; Hendon, Harry; Hoteit, Ibrahim; Kumar, Arun; Lee, Jae-Hak; Lucas, Andrew J.; Mahadevan, Amala; Matsueda, Mio; Nam, SungHyun; Paturi, Shastri; Penny, Stephen G.; Rydbeck, Adam; Sun, Rui; Takaya, Yuhei; Tandon, Amit; Todd, Robert E.; Vitart, Frederic; Yuan, Dongliang; Zhang, Chidong (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-08)
    Subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) forecasts have the potential to provide advance information about weather and climate events. The high heat capacity of water means that the subsurface ocean stores and re-releases heat (and ...
  • A review of the role of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in Atlantic multidecadal variability and associated climate impacts 

    Zhang, Rong; Sutton, Rowan; Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Kwon, Young-Oh; Marsh, Robert; Yeager, Stephen G.; Amrhein, Daniel E.; Little, Christopher M. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-04-29)
    By synthesizing recent studies employing a wide range of approaches (modern observations, paleo reconstructions, and climate model simulations), this paper provides a comprehensive review of the linkage between multidecadal ...
  • Oceanic Response Observations Due to Passing Tropical Cyclones: An Assessment of Drag and Sea Spray Parameterizations 

    Gallagher, Stephan D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-09)
    Most traditional theories regarding upper oceanic response due to passing tropical cyclones involve an initial and predominant upwelling based on storms’ strong cyclonic flow and resulting positive wind stress curl imparted ...
  • Constraining Southern Ocean air-sea-ice fluxes through enhanced observations 

    Swart, Sebastiaan; Gille, Sarah T.; Delille, Bruno; Josey, Simon A.; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Newman, Louise; Thompson, Andrew F.; Thomson, James M.; Ward, Brian; du Plessis, Marcel; Kent, Elizabeth; Girton, James B.; Gregor, Luke; Heil, Petra; Hyder, Patrick; Pezzi, Luciano Ponzi; de Souza, Ronald Buss; Tamsitt, Veronica; Weller, Robert A.; Zappa, Christopher J. (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-31)
    Air-sea and air-sea-ice fluxes in the Southern Ocean play a critical role in global climate through their impact on the overturning circulation and oceanic heat and carbon uptake. The challenging conditions in the Southern ...
  • Ocean climate observing requirements in support of climate research and climate information 

    Stammer, Detlef; Bracco, Annalisa; AchutaRao, Krishna; Beal, Lisa M.; Bindoff, Nathaniel L.; Braconnot, Pascale; Cai, Wenju; Chen, Dake; Collins, Matthew; Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Dewitte, Boris; Farneti, Riccardo; Fox-Kemper, Baylor; Fyfe, John; Griffies, Stephen M.; Jayne, Steven R.; Lazar, Alban; Lengaigne, Matthieu; Lin, Xiaopei; Marsland, Simon; Minobe, Shoshiro; Monteiro, Pedro M. S.; Robinson, Walter; Roxy, Mathew Koll; Rykaczewski, Ryan R.; Speich, Sabrina; Smith, Inga J.; Solomon, Amy; Storto, Andrea; Takahashi, Ken; Toniazzo, Thomas; Vialard, Jérôme (Frontiers Media, 2019-07-31)
    Natural variability and change of the Earth’s climate have significant global societal impacts. With its large heat and carbon capacity and relatively slow dynamics, the ocean plays an integral role in climate, and provides ...
  • Polar ocean observations: A critical gap in the observing system and its effect on environmental predictions from hours to a season 

    Smith, Gregory C.; Allard, Richard; Babin, Marcel; Bertino, Laurent; Chevallier, Matthieu; Corlett, Gary; Crout, Julia; Davidson, Fraser J. M.; Delille, Bruno; Gille, Sarah T.; Hebert, David; Hyder, Patrick; Intrieri, Janet; Lagunas, José; Larnicol, Gilles; Kaminski, Thomas; Kater, Belinda; Kauker, Frank; Marec, Claudie; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Metzger, E. Joseph; Mordy, Calvin W.; O’Carroll, Anne; Olsen, Steffen M.; Phelps, Michael W.; Posey, Pamela; Prandi, Pierre; Rehm, Eric; Reid, Philip C.; Rigor, Ignatius; Sandven, Stein; Shupe, Matthew; Swart, Sebastiaan; Smedstad, Ole Martin; Solomon, Amy; Storto, Andrea; Thibaut, Pierre; Toole, John M.; Wood, Kevin; Xie, Jiping; Yang, Qinghua; WWRP PPP Steering Group (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-06)
    There is a growing need for operational oceanographic predictions in both the Arctic and Antarctic polar regions. In the former, this is driven by a declining ice cover accompanied by an increase in maritime traffic and ...
  • Evolving the physical global ocean observing system for research and application services through international coordination 

    Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Wilkin, John L.; Hill, Katherine Louise; Chidichimo, Maria Paz; Cronin, Meghan F.; Johannessen, Johnny A.; Karstensen, Johannes; Krug, Marjolaine; Lee, Tong; Oka, Eitarou; Palmer, Matthew D.; Rabe, Benjamin; Speich, Sabrina; von Schuckmann, Karina; Weller, Robert A.; Yu, Weidong (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-06)
    Climate change and variability are major societal challenges, and the ocean is an integral part of this complex and variable system. Key to the understanding of the ocean’s role in the Earth’s climate system is the study ...
  • On the future of Argo: A global, full-depth, multi-disciplinary array 

    Roemmich, Dean; Alford, Matthew H.; Claustre, Hervé; Johnson, Kenneth S.; King, Brian; Moum, James N.; Oke, Peter; Owens, W. Brechner; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Purkey, Sarah G.; Scanderbeg, Megan; Suga, Koushirou; Wijffels, Susan E.; Zilberman, Nathalie; Bakker, Dorothee; Baringer, Molly O.; Belbeoch, Mathieu; Bittig, Henry C.; Boss, Emmanuel S.; Calil, Paulo H. R.; Carse, Fiona; Carval, Thierry; Chai, Fei; Conchubhair, Diarmuid Ó.; d’Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Dall'Olmo, Giorgio; Desbruyeres, Damien; Fennel, Katja; Fer, Ilker; Ferrari, Raffaele; Forget, Gael; Freeland, Howard; Fujiki, Tetsuichi; Gehlen, Marion; Geenan, Blair; Hallberg, Robert; Hibiya, Toshiyuki; Hosoda, Shigeki; Jayne, Steven R.; Jochum, Markus; Johnson, Gregory C.; Kang, KiRyong; Kolodziejczyk, Nicolas; Körtzinger, Arne; Le Traon, Pierre-Yves; Lenn, Yueng-Djern; Maze, Guillaume; Mork, Kjell Arne; Morris, Tamaryn; Nagai, Takeyoshi; Nash, Jonathan D.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Olsen, Are; Pattabhi, Rama Rao; Prakash, Satya; Riser, Stephen C.; Schmechtig, Catherine; Schmid, Claudia; Shroyer, Emily L.; Sterl, Andreas; Sutton, Philip; Talley, Lynne D.; Tanhua, Toste; Thierry, Virginie; Thomalla, Sandy J.; Toole, John M.; Troisi, Ariel; Trull, Thomas W.; Turton, Jon; Velez-Belchi, Pedro; Walczowski, Waldemar; Wang, Haili; Wanninkhof, Rik; Waterhouse, Amy F.; Waterman, Stephanie N.; Watson, Andrew J.; Wilson, Cara; Wong, Annie P. S.; Xu, Jianping; Yasuda, Ichiro (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-02)
    The Argo Program has been implemented and sustained for almost two decades, as a global array of about 4000 profiling floats. Argo provides continuous observations of ocean temperature and salinity versus pressure, from ...
  • Structure and variability of the North Icelandic Jet from two years of mooring data 

    Huang, Jie; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Héðinn; Lin, Peigen; Spall, Michael A.; Xu, Fanghua (American Geophysical Union, 2019-06-04)
    Mooring data from September 2011 to July 2013 on the Iceland slope north of Denmark Strait are analyzed to better understand the structure and variability of the North Icelandic Jet (NIJ). Three basic configurations of the ...

View more