Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Factors governing the deep ventilation of the Red Sea 

    Papadopoulos, Vassilis P.; Zhan, Peng; Sofianos, Sarantis S.; Raitsos, Dionysios E.; Qurban, Mohammed; Abualnaja, Yasser; Bower, Amy S.; Kontoyiannis, Harilaos; Pavlidou, Alexandra; Asharaf, T. T. Mohamed; Zarokanellos, Nikolaos; Hoteit, Ibrahim (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-19)
    A variety of data based on hydrographic measurements, satellite observations, reanalysis databases, and meteorological observations are used to explore the interannual variability and factors governing the deep water ...
  • UCTD and EM/APEX measurements in support of the April 2015 AirSWOT Campaign : cruise and data report 

    Farrar, J. Thomas; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Bigorre, Sebastien P.; Galbraith, Nancy R.; Girton, James B.; Chao, Yi (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-12)
    AirSWOT is an aircraft mounted instrument for measuring and imaging sea surface height (SSH), and it is similar to the SWOT (Surface Water Ocean Topography) instrument that will be deployed on a satellite in 2020. A field ...
  • Foehn winds link climate-driven warming to ice shelf evolution in Antarctica 

    Cape, Mattias R.; Vernet, Maria; Skvarca, Pedro; Marinsek, Sebastian; Scambos, Ted; Domack, Eugene (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-03)
    Rapid warming of the Antarctic Peninsula over the past several decades has led to extensive surface melting on its eastern side, and the disintegration of the Prince Gustav, Larsen A, and Larsen B ice shelves. The warming ...
  • The Northwest Tropical Atlantic Station (NTAS) : NTAS-14 mooring turnaround cruise report 

    Bigorre, Sebastien P.; Pietro, Ben; Smith, Jason C.; Morris, Ethan; Plueddemann, Albert J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-12)
    The Northwest Tropical Atlantic Station (NTAS) was established to address the need for accurate air-sea flux estimates and upper ocean measurements in a region with strong sea surface temperature anomalies and the ...
  • Multi-scale drought and ocean–atmosphere variability in monsoon Asia 

    Hernandez, Manuel; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Anchukaitis, Kevin J. (IOP Science, 2015-07-17)
    Spatially extensive and persistent drought episodes have repeatedly influenced human history, including the 'Strange Parallels' drought event in monsoon Asia during the mid-18th century. Here we explore the dynamics of ...
  • Cross-shelf exchange 

    Brink, Kenneth H. (2015-03-30)
    Cross-shelf exchange dominates the pathways and rates by which nutrients, biota and materials on the continental shelf are delivered and removed. These transports are limited by Earth’s rotation, which inhibits flow from ...
  • Biological and hydrographic station data obtained in the vicinity of Nantucket Shoals, May 1978-May 1979 

    Limeburner, Richard; Beardsley, Robert C.; Esaias, Wayne E. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-01)
    Six cruises were made from May, 1978 to May, 1979 to measure the regional distributions of chlorophyll, silicate, nitrate and nitrite, phosphate, temperature, and salinity in the vacinity of Nantucket Shoals on the New ...
  • Hydrographic station data obtained in the vicinity of Nantucket Shoals, May, July, September 1978 

    Limeburner, Richard; Beardsley, Robert C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-01)
    Three cruises were made during May, July, and September 1978, to measure the regional hydrographic structure in the vicinity of Nantucket Shoals on the New England Continental Shelf. A summary of the hydrographic ...
  • Hydrographic station data obtained in the vicinity of Georges Bank, May and August, 1976 

    Limeburner, Richard; Vermersch, John A.; Beardsley, Robert C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-08)
    Two extended cruises were made during May and August, 1976, to measure the regional hydrographic structure in the vicinity of Georges Bank on the New England Continental Shelf. A summary of the hydrographic observations ...
  • Early assessment of seasonal forage availability for mitigating the impact of drought on East African pastoralists 

    Vrieling, Anton; Meroni, Michele; Mude, Andrew G.; Chantarat, Sommarat; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; de Bie, Kees (C.A.J.M.) (2015-11)
    Pastoralist households across East Africa face major livestock losses during drought periods that can cause persistent poverty. For Kenya and southern Ethiopia, an existing index insurance scheme aims to reduce the adverse ...
  • Spreading of Denmark Strait overflow water in the western subpolar North Atlantic : insights from eddy-resolving simulations with a passive tracer 

    Xu, Xiaobiao; Rhines, Peter B.; Chassignet, Eric P.; Schmitz, William J. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-12)
    The oceanic deep circulation is shared between concentrated deep western boundary currents (DWBCs) and broader interior pathways, a process that is sensitive to seafloor topography. This study investigates the spreading ...
  • Linear stability analysis for monami in a submerged seagrass bed 

    Singh, Ravi; Bandi, M. M.; Mahadevan, Amala; Mandre, Shreyas (Cambridge University Press, 2015-11-24)
    The onset of monami – the synchronous waving of seagrass beds driven by a steady flow – is modelled as a linear instability of the flow. Unlike previous works, our model considers the drag exerted by the grass in establishing ...
  • The good, the bad, and the tiny : a simple, mechanistic-probabilistic model of virus-nutrient colimitation in microbes 

    Cael, B. Barry (Public Library of Science, 2015-11-23)
    For phytoplankton and other microbes, nutrient receptors are often the passages through which viruses invade. This presents a bottom-up vs. top-down, co-limitation scenario; how do these would-be-hosts balance minimizing ...
  • The relationship between patterns of benthic fauna and zooplankton in the Chukchi Sea and physical forcing 

    Pisareva, Maria N.; Pickart, Robert S.; Iken, Katrin; Ershova, Elizaveta A.; Grebmeier, Jacqueline M.; Cooper, Lee W.; Bluhm, Bodil A.; Nobre, Carolina; Hopcroft, Russell R.; Hu, Haoguo; Wang, Jia; Ashjian, Carin J.; Kosobokova, Ksenia N.; Whitledge, Terry E. (The Oceanography Society, 2015-09)
    Using data from a number of summer surveys of the Chukchi Sea over the past decade, we investigate aspects in which the benthic fauna, sediment structure, and zooplankton there are related to circulation patterns and shelf ...
  • Pond fractals in a tidal flat 

    Cael, B. Barry; Lambert, Bennett; Bisson, Kelsey (American Physical Society, 2015-11-19)
    Studies over the past decade have reported power-law distributions for the areas of terrestrial lakes and Arctic melt ponds, as well as fractal relationships between their areas and coastlines. Here we report similar fractal ...
  • Heaving modes in the world oceans 

    Huang, Rui Xin (Springer, 2015-03-19)
    Part of climate changes on decadal time scales can be interpreted as the result of adiabatic motions associated with the adjustment of wind-driven circulation, i.e., the heaving of the isopycnal surfaces. Heat content ...
  • Arctic circulation regimes 

    Proshutinsky, Andrey; Dukhovskoy, Dmitry S.; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Krishfield, Richard A.; Bamber, Jonathan L. (The Royal Society, 2015-09-07)
    Between 1948 and 1996, mean annual environmental parameters in the Arctic experienced a well-pronounced decadal variability with two basic circulation patterns: cyclonic and anticyclonic alternating at 5 to 7 year intervals. ...
  • Thermally forced transients in the thermohaline circulation 

    Spall, Michael A. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11)
    The response of a convective ocean basin to variations in atmospheric temperature is explored using numerical models and theory. The results indicate that the general behavior depends strongly on the frequency at which the ...
  • The interaction of an eastward-flowing current and an island : sub- and supercritical flow 

    Pedlosky, Joseph; Spall, Michael A. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11)
    An eastward-flowing current of a homogeneous fluid with velocity U, contained in a channel of width L, impinges on an island of width of O(L), and the resulting interaction and dynamics are studied for values of the ...
  • Stratus 14 : fourteenth setting of the Stratus Ocean Reference Station cruise on board RV Cabo de Hornos April 14 - 30, 2015 Valparaiso, Chile 

    Bigorre, Sebastien P.; Weller, Robert A.; Lord, Jeffrey; Galbraith, Nancy R.; Hasbrouck, Emerson; Pezoa, Sergio; Blomquist, Byron (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-04)
    The Ocean Reference Station at 20°S, 85°W under the stratus clouds west of northern Chile is being maintained to provide ongoing climate-quality records of surface meteorology, air-sea fluxes of heat, freshwater, and ...

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