Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Hawaii coastal seawater CO2 network: A statistical evaluation of a decade of observations on tropical coral reefs. 

    Terlouw, Gerianne J.; Knor, Lucie A. C. M.; De Carlo, Eric H.; Drupp, Patrick S.; Mackenzie, Fred T.; Li, Yuan Hui; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Sabine, Christopher L. (Frontiers Media, 2019-05-07)
    A statistical evaluation of nearly 10 years of high-resolution surface seawater carbon dioxide partial pressure (pCO2) time-series data collected from coastal moorings around O’ahu, Hawai’i suggest that these coral reef ...
  • Two hundred fifty years of reconstructed South Asian summer monsoon intensity and decadal-scale variability 

    Bryan, Sean P.; Hughen, Konrad A.; Karnauskas, Kristopher B.; Farrar, J. Thomas (American Geophysical Union, 2019-03-29)
    Climate model simulations of the summer South Asian monsoon predict increased rainfall in response to anthropogenic warming. However, instrumental data show a decline in Indian rainfall in recent decades, underscoring the ...
  • Corrections for pumped SBE 41CP CTDs determined from stratified tank experiments 

    Martini, Kim I.; Murphy, David J.; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Larson, Nordeen G. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-04-23)
    Sea-Bird Scientific SBE 41CP CTDs are used on autonomous floats in the global Argo ocean observing program to measure the temperature and salinity of the upper ocean. While profiling, the sensors are subject to dynamic ...
  • Unabated bottom water warming and freshening in the south Pacific Ocean. 

    Purkey, Sarah G.; Johnson, Gregory C.; Talley, Lynne D.; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Wijffels, Susan E.; Smethie, William M.; Mecking, Sabine; Katsumata, Katsuro (American Geophysical Union, 2019-02-20)
    Abyssal ocean warming contributed substantially to anthropogenic ocean heat uptake and global sea level rise between 1990 and 2010. In the 2010s, several hydrographic sections crossing the South Pacific Ocean were occupied ...
  • Structure, transport, and seasonality of the Atlantic Water boundary current north of Svalbard: Results from a yearlong mooring array 

    Pérez-Hernández, M. Dolores; Pickart, Robert S.; Torres, Daniel J.; Bahr, Frank B.; Sundfjord, Arild; Ingvaldsen, Randi B.; Renner, Angelika H. H.; Beszczynska-Möller, Agnieszka; von Appen, Wilken‐Jon; Pavlov, Vladimir (American Geophysical Union, 2019-02-15)
    The characteristics and seasonality of the Svalbard branch of the Atlantic Water (AW) boundary current in the Eurasian Basin are investigated using data from a six‐mooring array deployed near 30°E between September 2012 ...
  • Influence of the Kuroshio interannual variability on the summertime precipitation over the East China Sea and adjacent area 

    Gan, Bolan; Kwon, Young-Oh; Joyce, Terrence M.; Chen, Ke; Wu, Lixin (American Meteorological Society, 2019-04-01)
    Much attention has been paid to the climatic impacts of changes in the Kuroshio Extension, instead of the Kuroshio in the East China Sea (ECS). This study, however, reveals the prominent influences of the lateral shift of ...
  • Characterizing the transition from balanced to unbalanced motions in the Southern California Current 

    Chereskin, Teresa K.; Rocha, Cesar B.; Gille, Sarah T.; Menemenlis, Dimitris; Passaro, Marcello (American Geophysical Union, 2019-02-21)
    As observations and models improve their resolution of oceanic motions at ever finer horizontal scales, interest has grown in characterizing the transition from the geostrophically balanced flows that dominate at large‐scale ...
  • Competition between chaotic advection and diffusion: Stirring and mixing in a 3-D eddy model. 

    Brett, Genevieve; Pratt, Lawrence J.; Rypina, Irina I.; Wang, Peng (European Geosciences Union, 2019-04-05)
    The importance of chaotic advection relative to turbulent diffusion is investigated in an idealized model of a 3-D swirling and overturning ocean eddy. Various measures of stirring and mixing are examined in order to ...
  • The challenge of sustaining ocean observations 

    Weller, Robert A.; Baker, D. James; Glackin, Mary M.; Roberts, Susan; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Twigg, Emily S.; Vimont, Daniel J. (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-19)
    Sustained ocean observations benefit many users and societal goals but could benefit many more. Such information is critical for using ocean resources responsibly and sustainably as the ocean becomes increasingly important ...
  • The Ocean Observatories Initiative 

    Trowbridge, John H.; Weller, Robert A.; Kelley, Deborah S.; Dever, Edward P.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Barth, John A.; Kawka, Orest (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-04)
    The Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) is an integrated network that enables scientific investigation of interlinked physical, chemical, biological and geological processes throughout the global ocean. With near real-time ...
  • Autonomous seawater pCO2 and pH time series from 40 surface buoys and the emergence of anthropogenic trends 

    Sutton, Adrienne J.; Feely, Richard A.; Maenner-Jones, Stacy; Musielwicz, Sylvia; Osborne, John; Dietrich, Colin; Monacci, Natalie; Cross, Jessica N.; Bott, Randy; Kozyr, Alex; Andersson, Andreas J.; Bates, Nicholas R.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Cronin, Meghan F.; De Carlo, Eric H.; Hales, Burke; Howden, Stephan D.; Lee, Charity M.; Manzello, Derek P.; McPhaden, Michael J.; Meléndez, Melissa; Mickett, John B.; Newton, Jan A.; Noakes, Scott; Noh, Jae Hoon; Olafsdottir, Solveig R.; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Send, Uwe; Trull, Thomas W.; Vandemark, Douglas; Weller, Robert A. (Copernicus Publications, 2019-03-26)
    Ship-based time series, some now approaching over 3 decades long, are critical climate records that have dramatically improved our ability to characterize natural and anthropogenic drivers of ocean carbon dioxide (CO2) ...
  • Tropical pacific observing system 

    Smith, Neville; Kessler, William S.; Cravatte, Sophie; Sprintall, Janet; Wijffels, Susan E.; Cronin, Meghan F.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Serra, Yolande L.; Dewitte, Boris; Strutton, Peter G.; Hill, Katherine; Sen Gupta, Alexander; Lin, Xiaopei; Takahashi, Ken; Chen, Dake; Brunner, Shelby (Frontiers Media, 2019-02-18)
    This paper reviews the design of the Tropical Pacific Observing System (TPOS) and its governance and takes a forward look at prospective change. The initial findings of the TPOS 2020 Project embrace new strategic approaches ...
  • Meridional Gulf Stream shifts can influence wintertime variability in the North Atlantic storm track and Greenland blocking. 

    Joyce, Terrence M.; Kwon, Young-Oh; Seo, Hyodae; Ummenhofer, Caroline C. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-01-29)
    After leaving the U.S. East Coast, the northward flowing Gulf Stream (GS) becomes a zonal jet and carries along its frontal characteristics of strong flow and sea surface temperature gradients into the North Atlantic at ...
  • Putting it all together: Adding value to the global ocean and climate observing systems with complete self-consistent ocean state and parameter estimates. 

    Heimbach, Patrick; Fukumori, Ichiro; Hill, Christopher N.; Ponte, Rui M.; Stammer, Detlef; Wunsch, Carl; Campin, Jean-Michel; Cornuelle, Bruce D.; Fenty, Ian; Forget, Gael; Kohl, Armin; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Menemenlis, Dimitris; Nguyen, An T.; Piecuch, Christopher G.; Trossman, David S.; Verdy, Ariane; Wang, Ou; Zhang, Hong (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-04)
    In 1999, the consortium on Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (ECCO) set out to synthesize the hydrographic data collected by the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) and the satellite sea surface ...
  • Submesoscale coherent vortices in the Gulf Stream. 

    Gula, Jonathan; Blacic, Tanya M.; Todd, Robert E. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-02-27)
    Seismic images and glider sections of the Gulf Stream front along the U.S. eastern seaboard capture deep, lens‐shaped submesoscale features. These features have radii of 5–20 km, thicknesses of 150–300 m, and are located ...
  • Massachusetts Offshore Wind Metocean Initiative: Reducing risks and accelerating deployment timeframes via a coordinated regional observing system 

    Kirincich, Anthony R.; Faluotico, Stephen M. (2016-12-23)
    AWS Truepower (AWST) has been engaged by the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (MassCEC) to provide monthly observed data summary reports for the wind resource monitoring equipment deployed on the Woods Hole Oceanographic ...
  • Atlantic warming since the little ice age 

    Gebbie, Geoffrey A. (Oceanography Society, 2019-03-18)
    Radiocarbon observations suggest that the deep Atlantic Ocean takes up to several centuries to fully respond to changes at the sea surface. Thus, the ocean’s memory is longer than the modern instrumental period of oceanography, ...
  • Stratified and Stirred: Monsoon Freshwater in the Bay of Bengal 

    Spiro Jaeger, Gualtiero (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-06)
    Submesoscale ocean dynamics and instabilities, with characteristic scales 0.1–10 km, can play a critical role in setting the ocean’s surface boundary layer thickness and associated density stratification. Submesoscale ...
  • Insensitivity of alkenone carbon isotopes to atmospheric CO2 at low to moderate CO2 levels 

    Badger, Marcus P. S.; Chalk, Thomas B.; Foster, Gavin L.; Bown, Paul R.; Gibbs, Samantha J.; Sexton, Philip F.; Schmidt, Daniela N.; Pälike, Heiko; Mackensen, Andreas; Pancost, Richard D. (European Geosciences Union, 2019-03-27)
    Atmospheric pCO2 is a critical component of the global carbon system and is considered to be the major control of Earth's past, present, and future climate. Accurate and precise reconstructions of its concentration through ...
  • Significant biologically mediated CO2 uptake in the pacific arctic during the late open water season. 

    Juranek, Laurie W.; Takahashi, Taro; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Pickart, Robert S. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-01-10)
    Shifting baselines in the Arctic atmosphere‐sea ice‐ocean system have significant potential to alter biogeochemical cycling and ecosystem dynamics. In particular, the impact of increased open water duration on lower trophic ...

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