Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Retrieving sea ice drag coefficients and turning angles from in situ and satellite observations using an inverse modeling framework 

    Heorton, Harold; Tsamados, Michel; Cole, Sylvia T.; Ferreira, Ana M. G.; Berbellini, Andrea; Fox, Matthew; Armitage, Thomas (American Geophysical Union, 2019-08-14)
    For ice concentrations less than 85%, internal ice stresses in the sea ice pack are small and sea ice is said to be in free drift. The sea ice drift is then the result of a balance between Coriolis acceleration and stresses ...
  • The Deep Water Dispersion Experiment: RAFOS float data report June 2016 - January 2019 

    Ramsey, Andree L.; Furey, Heather H.; Bower, Amy S.; Pérez-Brunius, Paula; García-Carrillo, Paula (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-12)
    This is the final data report for all acoustically-tracked subsurface RAFOS floats deployed for the “Deep Water Dispersion Experiment: RAFOS Float Study in Support of Analysis of Possible Consequences of Large Scale ...
  • Finescale abyssal turbulence: sources and modeling 

    Kaiser, Bryan Edward (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2020-02)
    A detailed understanding of the intensity and three-dimensional spatial distribution of diabatic abyssal turbulence is germane to understanding the abyssal branch of the global overturning circulation. This thesis addresses ...
  • WHOI Hawaii Ocean Timeseries Station (WHOTS) : WHOTS-14 2017 mooring turnaround cruise report 

    Hasbrouck, Emerson; Weller, Robert A.; Santiago-Mandujano, Fernando; Blomquist, Byron; Maloney, Kelsey; Snyder, Jefrey; Clabaugh, Abby; Adams, Samantha; Rosburg, Kellen; King, Andrew; Natarov, Svetlana; Howins, Noah; Hebert, Garrett; Lukas, Roger (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-09)
    The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) Hawaii Ocean Time-series Station (WHOTS), located approximately 100 km north of Oahu, Hawaii, is intended to provide long-term, high-quality air-sea fluxes as a part of the ...
  • Current measurements from moored buoys 

    Fofonoff, Nicholas P. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1968-03)
    Since January 1965,a program has been underway at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, to measure currents at a limited number of fixed sites on a year round basis. Initially, one site was instrumented with both surface ...
  • POWER-US Workshop Final Report on Offshore Wind Energy and Passive Acoustic Monitoring: Establishing Standards for Operational Real-time Systems 

    POWER-US, / (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-11-21)
    Real-time autonomous Passive Acoustic Monitoring systems (real-time PAMS) have the ability to detect marine mammal species, including the North Atlantic Right Whale, and provide notification of their presence. This workshop, ...
  • High Frequency Radar Wind Turbine Interference Community Working Group Report 

    Kirincich, Anthony R.; Cahl, Douglas; Emery, Brian; Kosro, Mike; Roarty, Hugh; Trockel, Dale; Washburn, Libe; Whelan, Chad (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-06)
    Land-based High Frequency (HF) Radars provide critically important observations of the coastal ocean that will be adversely affected by the spinning blades of utility-scale wind turbines. Pathways to mitigate the interference ...
  • Global estimates of the energy transfer from the wind to the ocean, with emphasis on near-inertial oscillations 

    Flexas, M. Mar; Thompson, Andrew F.; Torres, Hector S.; Klein, Patrice; Farrar, J. Thomas; Zhang, Hong; Menemenlis, Dimitris (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-03)
    Estimates of the kinetic energy transfer from the wind to the ocean are often limited by the spatial and temporal resolution of surface currents and surface winds. Here we examine the wind work in a pair of global, very ...
  • Lagrangian views of the pathways of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 

    Bower, Amy S.; Lozier, M. Susan; Biastoch, Arne; Drouin, Kimberley L; Foukal, Nicholas P.; Furey, Heather H.; Lankhorst, Matthias; Rühs, Siren; Zou, Sijia (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-19)
    The Lagrangian method—where current location and intensity are determined by tracking the movement of flow along its path—is the oldest technique for measuring the ocean circulation. For centuries, mariners used compilations ...
  • Improving surface current resolution using direction finding algorithms for multiantenna high-frequency radars 

    Kirincich, Anthony R.; Emery, Brian; Washburn, Libe; Flament, Pierre J. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-10-11)
    While land-based high-frequency (HF) radars are the only instruments capable of resolving both the temporal and spatial variability of surface currents in the coastal ocean, recent high-resolution views suggest that the ...
  • Multiscale multiphysics data-informed modeling for three-dimensional ocean acoustic simulation and prediction 

    Duda, Timothy F.; Lin, Ying-Tsong; Newhall, Arthur E.; Helfrich, Karl R.; Lynch, James F.; Zhang, Weifeng G.; Lermusiaux, Pierre F. J.; Wilkin, John L. (Acoustical Society of America, 2019-09-30)
    Three-dimensional (3D) underwater sound field computations have been used for a few decades to understand sound propagation effects above sloped seabeds and in areas with strong 3D temperature and salinity variations. For ...
  • Observational needs supporting marine ecosystems modeling and forecasting: from the global ocean to regional and coastal systems 

    Capotondi, Antonietta; Jacox, Michael; Bowler, Chris; Kavanaugh, Maria T.; Lehodey, Patrick; Barrie, Daniel; Brodie, Stephanie; Chaffron, Samuel; Cheng, Wei; Dias, Daniela F.; Eveillard, Damien; Guidi, Lionel; Iudicone, Daniele; Lovenduski, Nicole S.; Nye, Janet A.; Ortiz, Ivonne; Pirhalla, Douglas; Pozo Buil, Mercedes; Saba, Vincent S.; Sheridan, Scott; Siedlecki, Samantha A.; Subramanian, Aneesh C.; de Vargas, Colomban; Di Lorenzo, Emanuele; Doney, Scott C.; Hermann, Albert J.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Merrifield, Mark; Miller, Arthur J.; Not, Fabrice; Pesant, Stephane (Frontiers Media, 2019-10-15)
    Many coastal areas host rich marine ecosystems and are also centers of economic activities, including fishing, shipping and recreation. Due to the socioeconomic and ecological importance of these areas, predicting relevant ...
  • Surface heat fluxes over the northern Arabian Gulf and the northern Red Sea: Evaluation of ECMWF-ERA5 and NASA-MERRA2 reanalyses 

    Al Senafi, Fahad; Anis, Ayal; Menezes, Viviane V. (MDPI, 2019-08-28)
    The air–sea heat fluxes in marginal seas and under extreme weather conditions constitute an essential source for energy transport and mixing dynamics. To reproduce these effects in numerical models, we need a better ...
  • OceanGliders: A component of the integrated GOOS 

    Testor, Pierre; de Young, Brad; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Glenn, Scott; Hayes, Daniel J.; Lee, Craig M.; Pattiaratchi, Charitha; Hill, Katherine Louise; Heslop, Emma; Turpin, Victor; Alenius, Pekka; Barrera, Carlos; Barth, John A.; Beaird, Nicholas; Bécu, Guislain; Bosse, Anthony; Bourrin, François; Brearley, J. Alexander; Chao, Yi; Chen, Sue; Chiggiato, Jacopo; Coppola, Laurent; Crout, Richard; Cummings, James A.; Curry, Beth; Curry, Ruth G.; Davis, Richard F.; Desai, Kruti; DiMarco, Steven F.; Edwards, Catherine; Fielding, Sophie; Fer, Ilker; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Gildor, Hezi; Goni, Gustavo J.; Gutierrez, Dimitri; Haugan, Peter M.; Hebert, David; Heiderich, Joleen; Henson, Stephanie A.; Heywood, Karen J.; Hogan, Patrick; Houpert, Loïc; Huh, Sik; Inall, Mark E.; Ishii, Masao; Ito, Shin-ichi; Itoh, Sachihiko; Jan, Sen; Kaiser, Jan; Karstensen, Johannes; Kirkpatrick, Barbara; Klymak, Jody M.; Kohut, Josh; Krahmann, Gerd; Krug, Marjolaine; McClatchie, Sam; Marin, Frédéric; Mauri, Elena; Mehra, Avichal; Meredith, Michael P.; Meunier, Thomas; Miles, Travis; Morell, Julio M.; Mortier, Laurent; Nicholson, Sarah; O'Callaghan, Joanne; O'Conchubhair, Diarmuid; Oke, Peter; Pallàs-Sanz, Enric; Palmer, Matthew D.; Park, Jong Jin; Perivoliotis, Leonidas; Poulain, Pierre Marie; Perry, Ruth; Queste, Bastien; Rainville, Luc; Rehm, Eric; Roughan, Moninya; Rome, Nicholas; Ross, Tetjana; Ruiz, Simon; Saba, Grace; Schaeffer, Amandine; Schönau, Martha; Schroeder, Katrin; Shimizu, Yugo; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Smeed, David A.; Snowden, Derrick; Song, Yumi; Swart, Sebastiaan; Tenreiro, Miguel; Thompson, Andrew; Tintore, Joaquin; Todd, Robert E.; Toro, Cesar; Venables, Hugh J.; Wagawa, Taku; Waterman, Stephanie N.; Watlington, Roy A.; Wilson, Doug (Frontiers Media, 2019-10-02)
    The OceanGliders program started in 2016 to support active coordination and enhancement of global glider activity. OceanGliders contributes to the international efforts of the Global Ocean Observation System (GOOS) for ...
  • The emergence of the North Icelandic Jet and its evolution from northeast Iceland to Denmark Strait 

    Semper, Stefanie; Våge, Kjetil; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Héðinn; Torres, Daniel J.; Jónsson, Steingrímur (American Meteorological Society, 2019-09-19)
    The North Icelandic Jet (NIJ) is an important source of dense water to the overflow plume passing through Denmark Strait. The properties, structure, and transport of the NIJ are investigated for the first time along its ...
  • Pseudo-nitzschia bloom dynamics in the Gulf of Maine: 2012-2016 

    Clark, Suzanna; Hubbard, Katherine A.; Anderson, Donald M.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Ralston, David K.; Townsend, David W. (Elsevier, 2019-08-19)
    The toxic diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia is a growing presence in the Gulf of Maine (GOM), where regionally unprecedented levels of domoic acid (DA) in 2016 led to the first Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning closures in the region. ...
  • Advancing observation of ocean biogeochemistry, biology, and ecosystems with cost-effective in situ sensing technologies 

    Wang, Zhaohui Aleck; Moustahfid, Hassan; Mueller, Amy V.; Michel, Anna P. M.; Mowlem, Matthew; Glazer, Brian T.; Mooney, T. Aran; Michaels, William; McQuillan, Jonathan S.; Robidart, Julie; Churchill, James H.; Sourisseau, Marc; Daniel, Anne; Schaap, Allison; Monk, Sam; Friedman, Kim; Brehmer, Patrice (Frontiers Media, 2019-09-12)
    Advancing our understanding of ocean biogeochemistry, biology, and ecosystems relies on the ability to make observations both in the ocean and at the critical boundaries between the ocean and other earth systems at relevant ...
  • Oleander is more than a flower twenty-five years of oceanography aboard a merchant vessel 

    Rossby, H. Thomas; Flagg, Charles Noel; Donohue, Kathleen A.; Fontana, Sandra; Curry, Ruth G.; Andres, Magdalena; Forsyth, Jacob S. T. (Oceanography Society, 2019-09-05)
    Since late fall 1992, CMV Oleander III has been measuring upper ocean currents during its weekly trips between Bermuda and Port Elizabeth, New Jersey, by means of an acoustic Doppler current profiler installed in its hull. ...
  • Blocking statistics in a varying climate: Lessons from a "traffic jam" model with pseudostochastic forcing 

    Paradise, Adiv; Rocha, Cesar B.; Barpanda, Pragallva; Nakamura, Noboru (American Meteorological Society, 2019-09-12)
    Recently Nakamura and Huang proposed a semiempirical, one-dimensional model of atmospheric blocking based on the observed budget of local wave activity in the boreal winter. The model dynamics is akin to that of traffic ...
  • The effect of beta on the downstream development of unstable, chaotic baroclinic waves 

    Pedlosky, Joseph (American Meteorological Society, 2019-08-30)
    The weakly unstable, two-layer model of baroclinic instability is studied in a configuration in which the flow is perturbed at the inflow section of a channel by a slow and periodic perturbation. In a parameter regime where ...

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