Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Accelerated freshening of Antarctic Bottom Water over the last decade in the Southern Indian Ocean 

    Menezes, Viviane V.; Macdonald, Alison M.; Schatzman, Courtney (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2017-01-25)
    Southern Ocean abyssal waters, in contact with the atmosphere at their formation sites around Antarctica, not only bring signals of a changing climate with them as they move around the globe but also contribute to that ...
  • Forcing of the Atlantic equatorial deep jets derived from observations 

    Claus, Martin; Greatbatch, Richard J.; Brandt, Peter; Toole, John M. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-11-23)
    The equatorial deep jets (EDJs) are a ubiquitous feature of the equatorial oceans; in the Atlantic Ocean, they are the dominant mode of interannual variability of the zonal flow at intermediate depth. On the basis of more ...
  • Offshore transport of shelf water by deep-ocean eddies 

    Cherian, Deepak A.; Brink, Kenneth H. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-12-08)
    At continental margins, energetic deep-ocean eddies can transport shelf water offshore in filaments that wrap around the eddy. One example is that of Gulf Stream warm-core rings interacting with the Mid-Atlantic Bight ...
  • ASIRI : an ocean–atmosphere initiative for Bay of Bengal 

    Wijesekera, Hemantha W.; Shroyer, Emily L.; Tandon, Amit; Ravichandran, M.; Sengupta, Debasis; Jinadasa, S. U. P.; Fernando, Harindra J. S.; Agrawal, Neeraj; Arulananthan, India K.; Bhat, G. S.; Baumgartner, Mark F.; Buckley, Jared; Centurioni, Luca R.; Conry, Patrick; Farrar, J. Thomas; Gordon, Arnold L.; Hormann, Verena; Jarosz, Ewa; Jensen, Tommy G.; Johnston, T. M. Shaun; Lankhorst, Matthias; Lee, Craig M.; Leo, Laura S.; Lozovatsky, Iossif; Lucas, Andrew J.; MacKinnon, Jennifer A.; Mahadevan, Amala; Nash, Jonathan D.; Omand, Melissa M.; Pham, Hieu; Pinkel, Robert; Rainville, Luc; Ramachandran, Sanjiv; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Sarkar, Sutanu; Send, Uwe; Sharma, Rashmi; Simmons, Harper L.; Stafford, Kathleen M.; St. Laurent, Louis C.; Venayagamoorthy, S. Karan; Venkatesan, Ramasamy; Teague, William J.; Wang, David W.; Waterhouse, Amy F.; Weller, Robert A.; Whalen, Caitlin B. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-11-22)
    Air–Sea Interactions in the Northern Indian Ocean (ASIRI) is an international research effort (2013–17) aimed at understanding and quantifying coupled atmosphere–ocean dynamics of the Bay of Bengal (BoB) with relevance to ...
  • Connecting the Greenland Ice Sheet and the ocean : a case study of Helheim Glacier and Sermilik Fjord 

    Straneo, Fiamma; Hamilton, Gordon S.; Stearns, Leigh A.; Sutherland, David A. (The Oceanography Society, 2016-12)
    The rapid ice loss from the Greenland Ice Sheet that began in the late 1990s sparked an interest in glacier/ocean exchanges both because an increase in submarine melting of the glacier is a potential trigger of glacier ...
  • Coupled ocean–atmosphere offshore decay scale of cold SST signals along upwelling eastern boundaries 

    Spall, Michael A.; Schneider, Niklas (American Meteorological Society, 2016-11-03)
    A simple analytic model is developed to represent the offshore decay of cold sea surface temperature (SST) signals that originate from wind-driven upwelling at a coastal boundary. The model couples an oceanic mixed layer ...
  • Newly discovered deep-branching marine plastid lineages are numerically rare but globally distributed 

    Choi, Chang Jae; Bachy, Charles; Spiro Jaeger, Gualtiero; Poirier, Camille; Sudek, Lisa; Sarma, V. V. S. S.; Mahadevan, Amala; Giovannoni, Stephen J.; Worden, Alexandra Z. (Elsevier, 2017-01-09)
    Ocean surface warming is resulting in an expansion of stratified, low-nutrient environments, a process referred to as ocean desertification. A challenge for assessing the impact of these changes is the lack of robust ...
  • Dynamics of North Atlantic western boundary currents 

    Le Bras, Isabela A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-02)
    The Gulf Stream and Deep Western Boundary Current (DWBC) shape the distribution of heat and carbon in the North Atlantic, with consequences for global climate. This thesis employs a combination of theory, observations ...
  • Iceberg meltwater fluxes dominate the freshwater budget in Greenland's iceberg-congested glacial fjords 

    Enderlin, Ellyn; Hamilton, Gordon S.; Straneo, Fiamma; Sutherland, David A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-11-09)
    Freshwater fluxes from the Greenland ice sheet have increased over the last two decades due to increases in liquid (i.e., surface and submarine meltwater) and solid ice (i.e., iceberg) fluxes. To predict potential ice ...
  • The Northwest Tropical Atlantic Station (NTAS) : NTAS-15 Mooring Turnaround Cruise Report cruise on board RV Endeavor January 25 - February 13, 2016 Narragansett RI, USA - San Juan, Puerto Rico 

    Bigorre, Sebastien P.; Ryder, James R.; Smith, Jason C.; Lankhorst, Matthias (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-11)
    The Northwest Tropical Atlantic Station (NTAS) was established to address the need for accurate air-sea flux estimates and upper ocean measurements in a region with strong sea surface temperature anomalies and the ...
  • Gulf Stream Recirculation Experiment (GUSREX) and line experiment SOFAR float data, 1980-1982 

    Kennelly, Maureen A.; McKee, Theresa K. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-11)
    Thirty-nine neutrally buoyant SOFAR floats were tracked in the western North Atlantic at depths of 700 m and 2000 m. These floats were launched in an effort to measure the deep current structure of the Gulf Stream and ...
  • The Long Term Upper Ocean Study (LOTUS) : cruise summary and hydrographic data report : Oceanus 154, May 1984 

    Montgomery, Ellyn T.; Pennington, Nancy J.; Briscoe, Melbourne G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-10)
    OCEANUS cruise 154 (16-23 May 1984) was the final cruise in the two year field program of the Long Term Upper Ocean Study (LOTUS). The work occurred primarily in the LOTUS area (34°N, 70°W), where the entire moored array ...
  • Direct observations of the Antarctic Slope Current transport at 113°E 

    Pena-Molino, Beatriz; McCartney, Michael S.; Rintoul, Stephen R. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-10-12)
    The Antarctic Slope Current (ASC), defined here as the region of westward flow along the continental slope off Antarctica, forms the southern limb of the subpolar gyres. It regulates the exchange of water across the shelf ...
  • A theory of the wind-driven Beaufort Gyre variability 

    Manucharyan, Georgy E.; Spall, Michael A.; Thompson, Andrew F. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-10-20)
    The halocline of the Beaufort Gyre varies significantly on interannual to decadal time scales, affecting the freshwater content (FWC) of the Arctic Ocean. This study explores the role of eddies in the Ekman-driven gyre ...
  • Interaction between a vertical turbulent jet and a thermocline 

    Ezhova, Ekaterina; Cenedese, Claudia; Brandt, Luca (American Meteorological Society, 2016-11-10)
    The behavior of an axisymmetric vertical turbulent jet in an unconfined stratified environment is studied by means of well-resolved, large-eddy simulations. The stratification is two uniform layers separated by a thermocline. ...
  • Moored current meter data from the Atlantic north equatorial countercurrent near 6°N 28°W (September, 1983-March, 1984) : vol. XXXVI 

    Levy, Ellen; Richardson, Philip L. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-09)
    This report presents current and wind data from the second of three surface mooring deployments in the Atlantic North Equatorial Countercurrent near 6°N and 28°W. A Vector Averaging Wind Recorder (VAWR) measured wind ...
  • The long term upper ocean study (Lotus) : cruise summary and hydrographic data report, Oceanus 141, October 1983 and Oceanus 145, January 1984 

    Mongomery, Ellyn T.; Pennington, Nancy J.; Briscoe, Melbourne G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-07)
    OCEANUS cruises 141 (28 October-4 November 1983) and 145 (22-29 January 1984) were the tenth and eleventh cruises to the Long Term Upper Ocean Study (LOTUS) area centered at 34°N, 70°W. During OCEANUS 141, a C. S. ...
  • Models and simulations of tracer dispersal by mid-ocean mesoscale eddies 

    Haidvogel, Dale B.; Keffer, Thomas (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-05)
    Haidvogel and Keffer (1984) have examined the stirring and mixing of a passive tracer in a turbulent mesoscale eddy field for environmental parameters characteristic of a homogeneous mid-ocean region. This study utilized ...
  • Internal hydraulic jumps with upstream shear 

    Ogden, Kelly A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-02)
    Internal hydraulic jumps in flows with upstream shear are investigated numerically and theoretically. The role of upstream shear has not previously been thoroughly investigated, although it is important in many oceanographic ...
  • On the recent destabilization of the Gulf Stream path downstream of Cape Hatteras 

    Andres, Magdalena (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-09-28)
    Mapped satellite altimetry reveals interannual variability in the position of initiation of Gulf Stream meanders downstream of Cape Hatteras. The longitude where the Gulf Stream begins meandering varies by 1500 km. There ...

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