Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Controllability, not chaos, key criterion for ocean state estimation 

    Gebbie, Geoffrey A.; Hsieh, Tsung-Lin (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union & the American Geophysical Union, 2017-07-19)
    The Lagrange multiplier method for combining observations and models (i.e., the adjoint method or "4D-VAR") has been avoided or approximated when the numerical model is highly nonlinear or chaotic. This approach has been ...
  • High-frequency internal waves and thick bottom mixed layers observed by gliders in the Gulf Stream 

    Todd, Robert E. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-06-26)
    Autonomous underwater gliders are conducting high-resolution surveys within the Gulf Stream along the U.S. East Coast. Glider surveys reveal two mechanisms by which energy is extracted from the Gulf Stream as it flows over ...
  • Convection driven by temperature and composition flux with the same diffusivity 

    Whitehead, John A. (2017-05)
    Temperature, pressure, and composition determine density of fluids within the earth, the ocean, our atmosphere, stars and planets. In some cases, variation of composition component C competes equally with temperature T to ...
  • “Climate response functions” for the Arctic Ocean : a proposed coordinated modelling experiment 

    Marshall, John; Scott, Jeffery; Proshutinsky, Andrey (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2017-07-21)
    A coordinated set of Arctic modelling experiments, which explore how the Arctic responds to changes in external forcing, is proposed. Our goal is to compute and compare "climate response functions" (CRFs) – the transient ...
  • An oceanic ultra-violet catastrophe, wave-particle duality and a strongly nonlinear concept for geophysical turbulence 

    Polzin, Kurt L.; Lvov, Yuri V. (MDPI AG, 2017-06-29)
    There is no theoretical underpinning that successfully explains how turbulent mixing is fed by wave breaking associated with nonlinear wave-wave interactions in the background oceanic internal wavefield. We address this ...
  • Variability and trends in surface seawater pCO2 and CO2 flux in the Pacific Ocean 

    Sutton, Adrienne J.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Sabine, Christopher L.; Feely, Richard A.; Cronin, Meghan F.; Weller, Robert A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-06-12)
    Variability and change in the ocean sink of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) have implications for future climate and ocean acidification. Measurements of surface seawater CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) and wind speed from ...
  • An Argo mixed layer climatology and database 

    Holte, James; Talley, Lynne; Gilson, John; Roemmich, Dean (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-06-12)
    A global climatology and database of mixed layer properties are computed from nearly 1,250,000 Argo profiles. The climatology is calculated with both a hybrid algorithm for detecting the mixed layer depth (MLD) and a ...
  • Nonlinear response of iceberg side melting to ocean currents 

    FitzMaurice, Anna; Cenedese, Claudia; Straneo, Fiamma (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-06-12)
    Icebergs calving into Greenlandic Fjords frequently experience strongly sheared flows over their draft, but the impact of this flow past the iceberg is not fully captured by existing parameterizations. We present a series ...
  • Differences between 1999 and 2010 across the Falkland Plateau : fronts and water masses 

    Perez-Hernandez, M. Dolores; Hernández-Guerra, Alonso; Comas-Rodríguez, Isis; Benítez-Barrios, Verónica M.; Fraile-Nuez, Eugenio; Pelegrí, Josep; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2017-07-07)
    Decadal differences in the Falkland Plateau are studied from the two full-depth hydrographic data collected during the ALBATROSS (April 1999) and MOC-Austral (February 2010) cruises. Differences in the upper 100 dbar are ...
  • Seasonally derived components of the Canada Basin halocline 

    Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Marshall, John; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Scott, Jeffery (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-05-26)
    The Arctic halocline stratification is an important barrier to the transport of deep ocean heat to the underside of sea ice. Surface water in the Chukchi Sea, warmed in summer by solar radiation, ventilates the Canada Basin ...
  • Air-sea heat flux climatologies in the Mediterranean Sea : surface energy balance and its consistency with ocean heat storage Authors 

    Song, Xiangzhou; Yu, Lisan (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-05-16)
    This study provides an analysis of the Mediterranean Sea surface energy budget using nine surface heat flux climatologies. The ensemble mean estimation shows that the net downward shortwave radiation (192 ± 19 W m−2) is ...
  • Targeted ocean sampling guidance for tropical cyclones 

    Chen, Sue; Cummings, James A.; Schmidt, Jerome M.; Sanabia, Elizabeth; Jayne, Steven R. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-05-13)
    A 3-D variational ocean data assimilation adjoint approach is used to examine the impact of ocean observations on coupled tropical cyclone (TC) model forecast error for three recent hurricanes: Isaac (2012), Hilda (2015), ...
  • Downstream evolution of the Kuroshio's time-varying transport and velocity structure 

    Andres, Magdalena; Mensah, Vigan; Jan, Sen; Chang, Ming-Huei; Yang, Y.-J.; Lee, Craig M.; Ma, Barry; Sanford, Thomas B. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-05-02)
    Observations from two companion field programs—Origins of the Kuroshio and Mindanao Current (OKMC) and Observations of Kuroshio Transport Variability (OKTV)—are used here to examine the Kuroshio's temporal and spatial ...
  • 400 years of summer hydroclimate from stable isotopes in Iberian trees 

    Andreu-Hayles, Laia; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Barriendos, Mariano; Schleser, Gerhard H.; Helle, Gerhard; Leuenberger, Markus; Gutierrez, Emilia; Cook, Edward R. (2016-11)
    Tree rings are natural archives that annually record distinct types of past climate variability depending on the parameters measured. Here, we use ring-width and stable isotopes in cellulose of trees from the northwestern ...
  • Frictional secondary circulation near an upwelled thermocline 

    Csanady, Gabriel T. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-12)
    A first order, linear analysis of thermocline upwelling shows that a quasigeostrophic baroclinic jet accompanies the upwelling. The secondary circulation induced in such a flow field in a meridional plane by turbulent ...
  • A preliminary description of the CODE-1 field program 

    Allen, John S.; Beardsley, Robert C.; Brown, Wayne S.; Cacchione, David A.; Davis, Russ E.; Drake, David E.; Friehe, Carl A.; Grant, William D.; Huyer, Adriana; Irish, James D.; Janopaul, M. M.; Williams, Albert J.; Winant, Clinton D. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-12)
    A Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment (CODE) has been undertaken to identify and study the important dynamical processes which govern the wind-driven motion of coastal water over the continental shelf. The initial effort ...
  • Hydrographic station data obtained in the East China Sea, November 1981 

    Limeburner, Richard; Beardsley, Robert C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-10)
    A hydrographic survey was made on November 18-23, 1981 on the People's Republic of China R/V Shijian to measure the regional hydrographic structure in the East China Sea near the mouth of the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River. ...
  • Technical activities associated with an exploratory array in the western North Pacific 

    Bradley, Keith F. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-09)
    Operations activities of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution's Buoy Group for an exploratory array of deep-ocean moorings in the western North Pacific Ocean are described along with specific engineering notes associated ...
  • Hydrographic station data obtained in the East China Sea, August 1981 

    Limeburner, Richard; Beardsley, Robert C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-08)
    A hydrographic survey was made on August 1-16, 1981 on the People's Republic of China R/V Shijian to measure the regional hydrographic structure in the East China Sea near the mouth of the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River. ...
  • WHOI processed CTD data organization 

    Millard, Robert C.; Galbraith, Nancy R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-08)
    A data storage format has been developed to be used for processed C.T.D. data on the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution's Digital Equipment Corporation VAX 11 780 computer. CTDVAX as defined in this report is designed ...

View more