Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Investigating the eddy diffusivity concept in the coastal ocean 

    Rypina, Irina I.; Kirincich, Anthony R.; Lentz, Steven; Sundermeyer, Miles A. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-06-29)
    This paper aims to test the validity, utility, and limitations of the lateral eddy diffusivity concept in a coastal environment through analyzing data from coupled drifter and dye releases within the footprint of a ...
  • Reply to “Comments on ‘The interaction of an eastward-flowing current and an island : sub- and supercritical flow’” 

    Pedlosky, Joseph; Spall, Michael A. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-07-12)
    The original article that was the subject of this comment/reply can be found at http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0061.1.
  • When an eddy encounters shelf-slope topography 

    Cherian, Deepak A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-09)
    Eddies in the ocean move westwards. Those shed by western boundary currents must then interact with continental shelf-slope topography at the western boundary. The presence of other eddies and mean lows complicates this ...
  • Air-sea interaction in the Bay of Bengal 

    Weller, Robert A.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Buckley, Jared; Mathew, Simi; Venkatesan, R.; Lekha, J. Sree; Chaudhuri, Dipanjan; Kumar, N. Suresh; Kumar, B. Praveen (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    Recent observations of surface meteorology and exchanges of heat, freshwater, and momentum between the ocean and the atmosphere in the Bay of Bengal are presented. These observations characterize air-sea interaction at ...
  • What controls seasonal evolution of sea surface temperature in the Bay of Bengal? Mixed layer heat budget analysis using moored buoy observations along 90°E 

    Thangaprakash, V. P.; Girishkumar, M. S.; Suprit, K.; Kumar, N. Suresh; Chaudhuri, Dipanjan; Dinesh, K.; Kumar, Ashok; Shivaprasad, S.; Ravichandran, M.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Sundar, R.; Weller, Robert A. (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    Continuous time-series measurements of near surface meteorological and ocean variables obtained from Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction (RAMA) moorings at 15°N, 90°E; 12°N, ...
  • Modification of upper-ocean temperature structure by subsurface mixing in the presence of strong salinity stratification 

    Shroyer, Emily; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Lim, Byungho; Venayagamoorthy, S. Karan; St. Laurent, Louis C.; Garanaik, Amrapalli; Moum, James N. (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    The Bay of Bengal has a complex upper-ocean temperature and salinity structure that is, in places, characterized by strong salinity stratification and multiple inversions in temperature. Here, two short time series from ...
  • Effects of freshwater stratification on nutrients, dissolved oxygen, and phytoplankton in the Bay of Bengal 

    Sarma, V. V. S. S.; Rao, G. S.; Viswanadham, R.; Sherin, C. K.; Salisbury, Joseph; Omand, Melissa M.; Mahadevan, Amala; Murty, V. S. N.; Shroyer, Emily; Baumgartner, Mark F.; Stafford, Kathleen (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    The Bay of Bengal (BoB) is strongly density stratified due to large freshwater input from various rivers and heavy precipitation. This strong vertical stratification, along with physical processes, regulates the transport ...
  • Freshwater in the Bay of Bengal : its fate and role in air-sea heat exchange 

    Mahadevan, Amala; Spiro Jaeger, Gualtiero; Freilich, Mara; Omand, Melissa M.; Shroyer, Emily; Sengupta, Debasis (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    The strong salinity stratification in the upper 50–80 m of the Bay of Bengal affects the response of the upper ocean to surface heat fluxes. Using observations from November to December 2013, we examine the effect of surface ...
  • Introduction to the special issue on the Bay of Bengal : from monsoons to mixing 

    Mahadevan, Amala; Paluszkiewicz, Theresa; Ravichandran, M.; Sengupta, Debasis; Tandon, Amit (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    The Bay of Bengal has a surprisingly large influence on the world. It nurtures the South Asian summer monsoon, a tremendous ocean-atmosphere-land phenomenon that delivers freshwater to more than a third of the human ...
  • A tale of two spicy seas 

    MacKinnon, Jennifer A.; Nash, Jonathan D.; Alford, Matthew H.; Lucas, Andrew J.; Mickett, John B.; Shroyer, Emily; Waterhouse, Amy F.; Tandon, Amit; Sengupta, Debasis; Mahadevan, Amala; Ravichandran, M.; Pinkel, Robert; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Whalen, Caitlin B.; Alberty, Marion S.; Lekha, J. Sree; Fine, Elizabeth C.; Chaudhuri, Dipayan; Wagner, Gregory L. (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    Upper-ocean turbulent heat fluxes in the Bay of Bengal and the Arctic Ocean drive regional monsoons and sea ice melt, respectively, important issues of societal interest. In both cases, accurate prediction of these heat ...
  • Adrift upon a salinity-stratified sea : a view of upper-ocean processes in the Bay of Bengal during the southwest monsoon 

    Lucas, Andrew J.; Nash, Jonathan D.; Pinkel, Robert; MacKinnon, Jennifer A.; Tandon, Amit; Mahadevan, Amala; Omand, Melissa M.; Freilich, Mara; Sengupta, Debasis; Ravichandran, M.; Le Boyer, Arnaud (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    The structure and variability of upper-ocean properties in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) modulate air-sea interactions, which profoundly influence the pattern and intensity of monsoonal precipitation across the Indian subcontinent. ...
  • Penetrative radiative flux in the Bay of Bengal 

    Lotliker, Aneesh; Omand, Melissa M.; Lucas, Andrew J.; Laney, Samuel R.; Mahadevan, Amala; Ravichandran, M. (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    The Bay of Bengal (BoB), a semi-enclosed basin in the northern Indian Ocean, is a complex region with large freshwater inputs and strong vertical stratification that result in a shallow, spatially variable mixed layer. ...
  • Variability of near-surface circulation and sea surface salinity observed from Lagrangian drifters in the northern Bay of Bengal during the Waning 2015 Southwest Monsoon 

    Hormann, Verena; centurioni, luca; Mahadevan, Amala; Essink, Sebastian; D'Asaro, Eric A.; Kumar, B. Praveen (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    A dedicated drifter experiment was conducted in the northern Bay of Bengal during the 2015 waning southwest monsoon. To sample a variety of spatiotemporal scales, a total of 36 salinity drifters and 10 standard drifters ...
  • Bay of Bengal : 2013 northeast monsoon upper-ocean circulation 

    Gordon, Arnold L.; Shroyer, Emily; Mahadevan, Amala; Sengupta, Debasis; Freilich, Mara (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    The upper 200 m of the two northern Indian Ocean embayments, the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and the Arabian Sea (AS), differ sharply in their salinity stratification, as the Asian monsoon injects massive amounts of freshwater ...
  • Representation of Bay of Bengal upper-ocean salinity in general circulation models 

    Chowdary, Jasti S.; Srinivas, G.; Fousiya, T. S.; Parekh, Anant; Gnanaseelan, C.; Seo, Hyodae; MacKinnon, Jennifer A. (The Oceanography Society, 2016-06)
    The Bay of Bengal (BoB) upper-ocean salinity is examined in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction-Climate Forecasting System version 2 (CFSv2) coupled model, Modular Ocean Model version 5 (MOM5), and Indian ...
  • Hydrographic data from R.V. Oceanus cruise 133, leg VII 

    Knapp, George P.; Stommel, Henry M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985-12)
    Hydrographic data collected during R.V. Oceanus cruise 133, leg VII are presented. These data include temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen observed at standard levels by a Neil Brown Instrument Systems' CTD-02 ...
  • Surface drifter measurements in the Atlantic North Equatorial countercurrent 1983-1985 

    Richardson, Philip L.; Wooding, Christine M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985-09)
    Thirty freely drifting drogued surface buoys were tracked by satellite in the vicinity of the Atlantic North Equatorial Countercurrent from February 1983 to February 1985 as part of the SEQUAL (Seasonal Equatorial Atlantic) ...
  • Hydrographic data from warm core ring 82-B 

    Stalcup, Marvel C.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Barbour, R. Lorraine; Dunworth, Jane A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985-07)
    Hydrographic data are presented from three cruises to Warm Core Ring 82-B during April-August 1982. These data include a sampling of the 2 db pressure, temperature, salinity and oxygen measurements obtained with a CTD-02 ...
  • Moored current meter data from the Atlantic north equatorial counter current near 6°N 28°W (March-October, 1984) 

    Levy, Ellen; Richardson, Philip L. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985-02)
    This third and final report presents current and wind data from a three part mooring deployment in the Atlantic North Equatorial Countercurrent near 6°N and 28°W. A Vector Averaging Wind Recorder (VAWR) measured wind ...
  • Moored current meter and wind recorded measurements near Point Conception, California : the 1983 OPUS observations 

    Brink, Kenneth H.; Chausse, Dolores; Davis, Russ E. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985-01)
    The OPUS (Organization of Persistent Upwelling Structures) program deployed two current meter (VMCM) moorings near Point Conception, California, during April-July 1983. Current and temperature data from these moorings ...

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