Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Effects of rainfall on the atmosphere and the ocean during spurs-2 

    Clayson, Carol A.; Edson, James B.; Paget, Aaron; Graham, Raymond; Greenwood, Benjamin (Oceanography Society, 2019-06-14)
    The salinity variability of the upper ocean is influenced by surface heat, momentum, and freshwater fluxes, which are in turn affected by atmospheric conditions. It is necessary to accurately measure these surface fluxes ...
  • Prospects for future satellite estimation of small-scale variability of ocean surface velocity and vorticity 

    Chelton, Dudley B.; Schlax, Michael G.; Samelson, Roger M.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Molemaker, M. Jeroen; McWilliams, James C.; Gula, Jonathan (Elsevier, 2018-10-16)
    Recent technological developments have resulted in two techniques for estimating surface velocity with higher resolution than can be achieved from presently available nadir altimeter data: (1) Geostrophically computed ...
  • US East Coast lidar measurements show offshore wind turbines will encounter very low atmospheric turbulence 

    Bodini, Nicola; Lundquist, Julie K.; Kirincich, Anthony R. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-05-01)
    The rapid growth of offshore wind energy requires accurate modeling of the wind resource, which can be depleted by wind farm wakes. Turbulence dissipation rate (ϵ) governs the accuracy of model predictions of hub‐height ...
  • Detecting change in the Indonesian Seas 

    Sprintall, Janet; Gordon, Arnold L.; Wijffels, Susan E.; Feng, Ming; Hu, Shijian; Koch-Larrouy, Ariane; Phillips, Helen E.; Nugroho, Dwiyoga; Napitu, Asmi; Pujiana, Kandaga; Susanto, R. Dwi; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Yuan, Dongliang; Riama, Nelly Florida; Siswanto, Siswanto; Kuswardani, Anastasia; Arifin, Zainal; Wahyudi, A’an J.; Zhou, Hui; Nagai, Taira; Ansong, Joseph; Bourdalle-Badié, Romain; Chanut, Jerome; Lyard, Florent; Arbic, Brian K.; Ramdhani, Andri; Setiawan, Agus (Frontiers Media, 2019-06-04)
    The Indonesian seas play a fundamental role in the coupled ocean and climate system with the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) providing the only tropical pathway connecting the global oceans. Pacific warm pool waters passing ...
  • Pacific anthropogenic carbon between 1991 and 2017 

    Carter, Brendan; Feely, Richard A.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Kouketsu, Shinya; Sonnerup, Rolf E.; Pardo, Paula Conde; Sabine, Christopher L.; Johnson, Gregory C.; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Murata, Akihiko; Mecking, Sabine; Tilbrook, Bronte; Speer, Kevin G.; Talley, Lynne D.; Millero, Frank J.; Wijffels, Susan E.; Macdonald, Alison M.; Gruber, Nicolas; Bullister, John L. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-04-29)
    We estimate anthropogenic carbon (Canth) accumulation rates in the Pacific Ocean between 1991 and 2017 from 14 hydrographic sections that have been occupied two to four times over the past few decades, with most sections ...
  • Global observing needs in the deep ocean 

    Levin, Lisa A.; Bett, Brian J.; Gates, Andrew R.; Heimbach, Patrick; Howe, Bruce M.; Janssen, Felix; McCurdy, Andrea; Ruhl, Henry A.; Snelgrove, Paul V. R.; Stocks, Karen; Bailey, David; Baumann-Pickering, Simone; Beaverson, Chris; Benfield, Mark C.; Booth, David J.; Carreiro-Silva, Marina; Colaço, Ana; Eblé, Marie C.; Fowler, Ashley M.; Gjerde, Kristina M.; Jones, Daniel O. B.; Katsumata, Katsuro; Kelley, Deborah S.; Le Bris, Nadine; Leonardi, Alan P.; Lejzerowicz, Franck; Macreadie, Peter I.; McLean, Dianne; Meitz, Fred; Morato, Telmo; Netburn, Amanda; Pawlowski, Jan; Smith, Craig R.; Sun, Song; Uchida, Hiroshi; Vardaro, Michael F.; Venkatesan, Ramasamy; Weller, Robert A. (Frontiers Media, 2019-03-29)
    The deep ocean below 200 m water depth is the least observed, but largest habitat on our planet by volume and area. Over 150 years of exploration has revealed that this dynamic system provides critical climate regulation, ...
  • Anthropogenic aerosols, greenhouse gases, and the uptake, transport, and storage of excess heat in the climate system 

    Irving, Damien; Wijffels, Susan E.; Church, John (American Geophysical Union, 2019-04-25)
    The largest contributor to the planetary energy imbalance is well‐mixed greenhouse gases (GHGs), which are partially offset by poorly mixed (and thus northern midlatitude dominated) anthropogenic aerosols (AAs). To isolate ...
  • The Loop Current: Observations of deep eddies and topographic waves. 

    Hamilton, Peter; Bower, Amy S.; Furey, Heather H.; Leben, Robert; Pérez-Brunius, Paula (American Meteorological Society, 2019-05-29)
    A set of float trajectories, deployed at 1500- and 2500-m depths throughout the deep Gulf of Mexico from 2011 to 2015, are analyzed for mesoscale processes under the Loop Current (LC). In the eastern basin, December 2012–June ...
  • Evaporative implications of dry-air outbreaks over the northern Red Sea. 

    Menezes, Viviane V.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Bower, Amy S. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-04-01)
    We investigate the impacts of westward wind events on the Red Sea evaporation using the 35‐year second Modern‐Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications reanalysis and a 2‐year‐long record of in situ observations ...
  • Seasonality and buoyancy suppression of turbulence in the Bay of Bengal 

    Thakur, Ritabrata; Shroyer, Emily L.; Govindarajan, Rama; Farrar, J. Thomas; Weller, Robert A.; Moum, James N. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-04-08)
    A yearlong record from moored current, temperature, conductivity, and four mixing meters (χpods) in the northernmost international waters of the Bay of Bengal quantifies upper‐ocean turbulent diffusivity of heat (Kt) and ...
  • Intraseasonal variability of surface salinity in the eastern tropical pacific associated with mesoscale eddies. 

    Hasson, Audrey; Farrar, J. Thomas; Boutin, Jacqueline; Bingham, Frederick; Lee, Tong (American Geophysical Union, 2019-03-28)
    Strong variability in sea surface salinity (SSS) in the Eastern Tropical Pacific (ETPac) on intraseasonal to interannual timescales was studied using data from the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity, Soil Moisture Active ...
  • The dominant global modes of recent internal sea level variability 

    Hamlington, Benjamin D.; Cheon, Se-Hyeon; Piecuch, Christopher G.; Karnauskas, Kristopher B.; Thompson, Phililp; Kim, Kwang-Yul; Reager, John T.; Landerer, Felix; Frederikse, Thomas (American Geophysical Union, 2019-03-21)
    The advances in the modern sea level observing system have allowed for a new level of knowledge of regional and global sea level in recent years. The combination of data from satellite altimeters, Gravity Recovery and ...
  • The tropical Atlantic observing system 

    Foltz, Gregory R.; Brandt, Peter; Richter, Ingo; Rodriguez-fonseca, Belen; Hernandez, Fabrice; Dengler, Marcus; Rodrigues, Regina; Schmidt, Jörn Oliver; Yu, Lisan; Lefevre, Nathalie; Cotrim Da Cunha, Leticia; McPhaden, Michael J.; Araujo, Moacyr; Karstensen, Johannes; Hahn, Johannes; Martín-Rey, Marta; Patricola, Christina; Poli, Paul; Zuidema, Paquita; Hummels, Rebecca; Perez, Renellys; Hatje, Vanessa; Luebbecke, Joke; Polo, Irene; Lumpkin, Rick; Bourlès, Bernard; Asuquo, Francis Emile; Lehodey, Patrick; Conchon, Anna; Chang, Ping; Dandin, Philippe; Schmid, Claudia; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Giordani, Hervé; Xue, Yan; Illig, Serena; Losada, Teresa; Grodsky, Semyon A.; Gasparin, Florent; Lee, Tong; Mohino, Elsa; Nobre, Paulo; Wanninkhof, Rik; Keenlyside, Noel S.; Garcon, Veronique Cameille; Sanchez-Gomez, Emilia; Nnamchi, Hyacinth; Drevillon, Marie; Storto, Andrea; Remy, Elisabeth; Lazar, Alban; Speich, Sabrina; Goes, Marlos Pereira; Dorrington, Tarquin; Johns, William E.; Moum, James N.; Robinson, Carol; Perruche, Coralie; de Souza, Ronald Buss; Gaye, Amadou; Lopez-Parages, Jorge; Monerie, Paul-Arthur; Castellanos, Paola; Benson, Nsikak U.; Hounkonnou, Mahouton Norbert; Trotte Duha, Janice; Laxenaire, Rémi; Reul, Nicolas (Frontiers Media, 2019-05-10)
    he tropical Atlantic is home to multiple coupled climate variations covering a wide range of timescales and impacting societally relevant phenomena such as continental rainfall, Atlantic hurricane activity, oceanic biological ...
  • Global observations of fine-scale ocean surface topography with the surface water and ocean topography (SWOT) mission 

    Morrow, Rosemary; Fu, Lee-Lueng; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Benkiran, Mounir; Chapron, Bertrand; Cosme, Emmanuel; d’Ovidio, Francesco; Farrar, J. Thomas; Gille, Sarah T.; Lapeyre, Guillaume; Le Traon, Pierre-Yves; Pascual, Ananda; Ponte, Aurélien (Frontiers Media, 2019-05-15)
    The future international Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission, planned for launch in 2021, will make high-resolution 2D observations of sea-surface height using SAR radar interferometric techniques. SWOT will ...
  • Lagrangian dispersion and deformation in submesoscale flows 

    Essink, Sebastian (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-06)
    Submesoscale currents, with horizontal length scales of 1-20 km, are an important element of upper ocean dynamics. These currents play a crucial role in the horizontal and vertical redistribution of tracers, the cascade ...
  • Southern Ocean seasonal restratification delayed by submesoscale wind-front interactions 

    du Plessis, Marcel; Swart, Sebastiaan; Ansorge, Isabelle; Mahadevan, Amala; Thompson, Andrew F. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-04-11)
    Ocean stratification and the vertical extent of the mixed layer influence the rate at which the ocean and atmosphere exchange properties. This process has direct impacts for anthropogenic heat and carbon uptake in the ...
  • The Response of Ocean Salinity Patterns to Climate Change: Implications for Circulation 

    Levang, Samuel J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2019-06)
    Global patterns of ocean salinity arise from the exchange of freshwater between the sea surface and the atmosphere. For a quasi-steady state system, these surface fluxes are balanced by compensating transports of salt in ...
  • Hawaii coastal seawater CO2 network: A statistical evaluation of a decade of observations on tropical coral reefs. 

    Terlouw, Gerianne J.; Knor, Lucie A. C. M.; De Carlo, Eric H.; Drupp, Patrick S.; Mackenzie, Fred T.; Li, Yuan Hui; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Sabine, Christopher L. (Frontiers Media, 2019-05-07)
    A statistical evaluation of nearly 10 years of high-resolution surface seawater carbon dioxide partial pressure (pCO2) time-series data collected from coastal moorings around O’ahu, Hawai’i suggest that these coral reef ...
  • Two hundred fifty years of reconstructed South Asian summer monsoon intensity and decadal-scale variability 

    Bryan, Sean P.; Hughen, Konrad A.; Karnauskas, Kristopher B.; Farrar, J. Thomas (American Geophysical Union, 2019-03-29)
    Climate model simulations of the summer South Asian monsoon predict increased rainfall in response to anthropogenic warming. However, instrumental data show a decline in Indian rainfall in recent decades, underscoring the ...
  • Corrections for pumped SBE 41CP CTDs determined from stratified tank experiments 

    Martini, Kim I.; Murphy, David J.; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Larson, Nordeen G. (American Meteorological Society, 2019-04-23)
    Sea-Bird Scientific SBE 41CP CTDs are used on autonomous floats in the global Argo ocean observing program to measure the temperature and salinity of the upper ocean. While profiling, the sensors are subject to dynamic ...

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