Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Dynamic presentation of Long Term Upper Ocean Study (LOTUS) data using videotape 

    Montgomery, Ellyn T. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-09)
    In order to show efficiently the large amount of data obtained during the Long Term Upper Ocean Study (LOTUS), a new method of data presentation was developed. Three data variables can be included in a simple color ...
  • SOFAR float Mediterranean outflow experiment data from the first year, 1984-1985 

    Price, James F.; McKee, Theresa K.; Valdes, James R.; Richardson, Philip L.; Armi, Laurence (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-07)
    In October, 1984, the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution SOFAR float group began a three-year long field program to observe the low frequency currents in the Canary Basin. The principal scientific goal was to learn ...
  • Gibraltar experiment : a plan for dynamic and kinematic investigations of strait mixing, exchange and turbulence 

    Bryden, Harry L.; Kinder, Thomas H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-08)
    The flow through the Strait of Gibraltar has always held a special fascination for oceanographers. Attempts to understand and measure the strong currents in the Strait stimulated many of the early advances in oceanography ...
  • Exploring practical estimates of the ensemble size necessary for particle filters 

    Slivinski, Laura; Snyder, Chris (American Meteorological Society, 2015-11-11)
    Particle filtering methods for data assimilation may suffer from the “curse of dimensionality,” where the required ensemble size grows rapidly as the dimension increases. It would, therefore, be useful to know a priori ...
  • Satellite-derived ocean thermal structure for the North Atlantic hurricane season 

    Pun, Iam-Fei; Price, James F.; Jayne, Steven R. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-12-08)
    This paper describes a new model (method) called Satellite-derived North Atlantic Profiles (SNAP) that seeks to provide a high-resolution, near-real-time ocean thermal field to aid tropical cyclone (TC) forecasting. Using ...
  • Surface gravity wave transformation across a platform coral reef in the Red Sea 

    Lentz, Steven J.; Churchill, James H.; Davis, Kristen A.; Farrar, J. Thomas (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-22)
    The transformation of surface gravity waves across a platform reef in the Red Sea is examined using 18 months of observations and a wave transformation model developed for beaches. The platform reef is 200 m across, 700 m ...
  • Greenland freshwater pathways in the sub-Arctic Seas from model experiments with passive tracers 

    Dukhovskoy, Dmitry S.; Myers, Paul G.; Platov, Gennady A.; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Curry, Beth; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Bamber, Jonathan L.; Chassignet, Eric P.; Hu, Xianmin; Lee, Craig M.; Somavilla, Raquel (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-25)
    Accelerating since the early 1990s, the Greenland Ice Sheet mass loss exerts a significant impact on thermohaline processes in the sub-Arctic seas. Surplus freshwater discharge from Greenland since the 1990s, comparable ...
  • Arctic pathways of Pacific Water : Arctic Ocean Model Intercomparison experiments 

    Aksenov, Yevgeny; Karcher, Michael; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Gerdes, Rudiger; de Cuevas, Beverly; Golubeva, Elena; Kauker, Frank; Nguyen, An T.; Platov, Gennady A.; Wadley, Martin; Watanabe, Eiji; Coward, Andrew C.; Nurser, A. J. George (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-08)
    Pacific Water (PW) enters the Arctic Ocean through Bering Strait and brings in heat, fresh water, and nutrients from the northern Bering Sea. The circulation of PW in the central Arctic Ocean is only partially understood ...
  • A summary of historical SOFAR float data in the western North Atlantic 1972-81 

    McKee, Theresa K. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-07)
    SOFAR float observations from the years 1972 to 1981 have been edited and analyzed to·produce a uniform and error-free data set suitable for archiving. These data were collected from the western North Atlantic during ...
  • Effect of eddy-wind interaction on Ekman pumping and eddy kinetic energy : a regional coupled modeling study for the California Current System 

    Seo, Hyodae; Miller, Arthur J.; Norris, Joel R. (California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations, 2015)
    The California Current system (CCS) is characterized by the energetic summertime mesoscale and filamentary eddies with typical anomalies in sea surface temperature (SST) and surface current exceeding 2˚C and 0.5 ...
  • Constraining the source of mantle plumes 

    Cagney, Neil; Crameri, Fabio; Newsome, William H.; Lithgow-Bertelloni, Carolina; Cotel, Aline; Hart, Stanley R.; Whitehead, John A. (2016-01-08)
    In order to link the geochemical signature of hot spot basalts to Earth’s deep interior, it is first necessary to understand how plumes sample different regions of the mantle. Here, we investigate the relative amounts ...
  • Status report on ocean data telemetry 

    Briscoe, Melbourne G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-07)
    This document contains two workshop reports and several brief technical reports, all on aspects of ocean data telemetry and platform positioning. The principal topic is a Summary of an Ocean Telemetry Workshop held at ...
  • Hydrographic data from R/V Endeavor cruise #90 

    Stalcup, Marvel C.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Barbour, R. Lorraine; Dunworth, Jane A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-03)
    The final cruise of the NSF sponsored Warm Core Rings Program studied a Warm Core Ring (WCR) in the Fall of 1982 as it formed from a large northward meander of the Gulf Stream. This ring, known as 82-H or the eighth ...
  • Vortices in sinusoidal shear, with applications to Jupiter 

    Vilasur Swaminathan, Rohith (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-06)
    In this thesis, we have studied the existence of vortex steady states in a sinusoidal background shear flow in a 1.75 layer quasi-geostrophic model. Trying to find vortex structures by integrating the Hamiltonian system ...
  • A technical description of an acoustic Doppler based upper ocean profiling system 

    Zani, A. Cleo; Galbraith, Nancy R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-04)
    An acoustic Doppler profiler has been designed into a multi-sensor Acoustic Profiler of Ocean Currents system (APOC). All four major components of this data collecting ensemble are microprocessor based units, allowing ...
  • Data tabulations and analysis of diurnal sea surface temperature variability observed at LOTUS 

    Bowers, Clarke M.; Price, James F.; Weller, Robert A.; Briscoe, Melbourne G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-02)
    Air/sea measurements from the Long-Term Upper Ocean Study (LOTUS) buoy in the Sargasso Sea are analyzed to learn how the diurnal response of sea surface temperature, ΔTs, is related to the surface heating, H, and the ...
  • Heat content of the Arabian Sea Mini Warm Pool is increasing 

    Nagamani, P. V.; Ali, M. M.; Goni, Gustavo J.; Udaya Bhaskar, T. V. S.; McCreary, Julian P.; Weller, Robert A.; Rajeevan, Madhavan Nair; Gopalakrishna, V. V.; Pezzullo, John C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-18)
    Sea surface temperature in the Arabian Sea Mini Warm Pool has been suggested to be one of the factors that affects the Indian summer monsoon. In this paper, we analyze the annual ocean heat content (OHC) of this region ...
  • Toward quantifying the increasing role oceanic heat in sea ice loss in the new Arctic 

    Carmack, Eddy C.; Polyakov, Igor V.; Padman, Laurie; Fer, Ilker; Hunke, Elizabeth C.; Hutchings, Jennifer K.; Jackson, Jennifer; Kelley, Daniel E.; Kwok, Ron; Layton, Chantelle; Melling, Humfrey; Perovich, Donald K.; Persson, Ola; Ruddick, Barry R.; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Toole, John M.; Ross, Tetjana; Vavrus, Steve; Winsor, Peter (American Meteorological Society, 2015-12)
    The loss of Arctic sea ice has emerged as a leading signal of global warming. This, together with acknowledged impacts on other components of the Earth system, has led to the term “the new Arctic.” Global coupled climate ...
  • Internal lee wave closures : parameter sensitivity and comparison to observations 

    Trossman, David S.; Waterman, Stephanie N.; Polzin, Kurt L.; Arbic, Brian K.; Garner, Stephen T.; Naveira-Garabato, Alberto C.; Sheen, Katy L. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-12-17)
    This paper examines two internal lee wave closures that have been used together with ocean models to predict the time-averaged global energy conversion rate into lee waves and dissipation rate associated with lee waves and ...
  • Wind-driven freshwater buildup and release in the Beaufort Gyre constrained by mesoscale eddies 

    Manucharyan, Georgy E.; Spall, Michael A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-06)
    Recently, the Beaufort Gyre has accumulated over 20,000 km3 of freshwater in response to strong anticyclonic atmospheric winds that have prevailed over the gyre for almost two decades. Here we explore key physical processes ...

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