Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • A quasi-Lagrangian study of mid-ocean variability using long range SOFAR floats 

    Rossby, H. Thomas; Voorhis, Arthur D.; Webb, Douglas C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1976-04)
    Twenty neutrally buoyant SOFAR floats were used in the Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment (MODE) to study the structure and variability of the deep ocean currents. The floats were clustered so that the pattern of motions could ...
  • Mooring operations of the Woods Hole Buoy Group for the Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment 

    Heinmiller, Robert H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1975-09)
    From the introduction: The Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment was a long-term multi-institution effort to investigate meso-scale motions in the western North Atlantic Ocean. The Moored Array Project (Buoy Group) of the Woods ...
  • Tow spectra from MODE 

    Katz, Eli J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1975-12)
    Towed sensor data from the main thermocline in the Sargasso Sea south of Bermuda during the Mid‐Ocean Dynamics Experiment are reported and compared with the Garrett and Munk internal wave model. The tows consisted of two ...
  • Large changes in sea ice triggered by small changes in Atlantic water temperature 

    Jensen, Mari F.; Nisancioglu, Kerim H.; Spall, Michael A. (American Meteorological Society, 2018-05-31)
    The sensitivity of sea ice to the temperature of inflowing Atlantic water across the Greenland–Scotland Ridge is investigated using an eddy-resolving configuration of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology General ...
  • Structure and forcing of observed exchanges across the Greenland–Scotland Ridge 

    Bringedal, Carina; Eldevik, Tor; Skagseth, Øystein; Spall, Michael A.; Østerhus, Svein (American Meteorological Society, 2018-11-19)
    The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and associated poleward heat transport are balanced by northern heat loss to the atmosphere and corresponding water-mass transformation. The circulation of northward-flowing ...
  • Cruise report, Chain 116 : July 22 - August 10, 1974 

    Heinmiller, Robert H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1974-10)
  • MODE SOFAR float in situ data summary 

    Voorhis, Arthur D.; Benoit, Raymond R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1974-06)
    Ten SOFAR floats were instrumented during the MODE field experiment to record pressure, temperature, and vertical water displacement during a four month drift. This report describes the acquisition and reduction of this ...
  • Cruise report Chain 112, legs I and II : 6 March - 5 April 1973 

    Heinmiller, Robert H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1973-08)
    The W.H.O.I. portion of the MODE I array was to be installed on the first two legs of CHAIN 112, along with other work to be done at Site D. The original schedule called for the ship to leave Woods Hole on the 6th of March ...
  • Cruise report Chain 112, leg VI : 24 June - 9 July 1973 

    Heinmiller, Robert H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1973-08)
    Leg VI of CHAIN 112 was scheduled from 24 June to 9 July, St. Georges, Bermuda to Woods Hole. The original plans called for the following work: Recovery of sixteen intermediate moorings at the MODE site (28° N., 69° ...
  • Rectified flow in a stratified coastal ocean 

    Brink, Kenneth H. (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2018-01)
    An idealized numerical model is used to explore the generation of mean flows by oscillating wind forcing in a stratified coastal ocean with no alongshore variability, i.e., where neither barotropic nor baroclinic instability ...
  • High-frequency variability in the North Icelandic Jet 

    Harden, Benjamin E.; Pickart, Robert S. (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2018-03)
    We describe the high-frequency variability in the North Icelandic Jet (NIJ) on the Iceland Slope using data from the densely instrumented Kögur mooring array deployed upstream of the Denmark Strait sill from September ...
  • The generation of Rossby waves and wake eddies by small islands 

    Musgrave, Ruth C.; Flierl, Glenn R.; Peacock, Thomas (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2018-03)
    The influence of small islands on zonal geostrophic currents is examined in a two-layer configuration. An analytic solution for steady quasigeostrophic flow is derived under the assumption of no upstream influence and is ...
  • Transient response of the Gulf Stream to multiple hurricanes in 2017 

    Todd, Robert E.; Asher, Taylor G.; Heiderich, Joleen; Bane, John M.; Luettich, Richard A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-10-04)
    Autonomous underwater glider observations collected during and after 2017 Hurricanes Irma, Jose, and Maria show two types of transient response within the Gulf Stream. First, anomalously fresh water observed near the surface ...
  • The dynamics of shelf forcing in Greenlandic fjords 

    Jackson, Rebecca H.; Lentz, Steven J.; Straneo, Fiamma (American Meteorological Society, 2018-11-15)
    The fjords that connect Greenland’s glaciers to the ocean are gateways for importing heat to melt ice and for exporting meltwater into the ocean. The transport of heat and meltwater can be modulated by various drivers of ...
  • The dynamics of weather-band sea level variations in the Red Sea 

    Churchill, James H.; Abualnaja, Yasser; Limeburner, Richard; Nellayaputhenpeedika, Mohammedali (Elsevier, 2018-09-27)
    The variations of sea level over the Red Sea may be divided into three broad categories: tidal, seasonal and weather-band. Our study employs a variety of in situ and satellite-derived data in the first comprehensive ...
  • September 2017's geoeffective space weather and impacts to Caribbean radio communications during Hurricane response 

    Redmon, Robert J.; Seaton, Daniel B.; Steenburgh, Robert; He, Jing; Rodriguez, Juan V. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-09-03)
    Between 4 and 10 September 2017, multiple solar eruptions occurred from active region AR12673. NOAA's and NASA's well‐instrumented spacecraft observed the evolution of these geoeffective events from their solar origins, ...
  • Deep eddies in the Gulf of Mexico observed with floats 

    Furey, Heather H.; Bower, Amy S.; Perez-Brunius, Paula; Hamilton, Peter; Leben, Robert (American Meteorological Society, 2018-11-07)
    A new set of deep float trajectory data collected in the Gulf of Mexico from 2011 to 2015 at 1500- and 2500-m depths is analyzed to describe mesoscale processes, with particular attention paid to the western Gulf. Wavelet ...
  • Formation and transport of corrosive water in the Pacific Arctic region 

    Cross, Jessica N.; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Pickart, Robert S.; Bates, Nicholas R. (Elsevier, 2018-06-22)
    Ocean acidification (OA), driven by rising anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2), is rapidly advancing in the Pacific Arctic Region (PAR), producing conditions newly corrosive to biologically important carbonate minerals like ...
  • The Northwest Tropical Atlantic Station (NTAS) : NTAS-17 mooring turnaround cruise report cruise on board FV Pisces May 30 – June 21, 2018 Mayport, FL, USA – Morehead City, NC, USA 

    Bigorre, Sebastien P.; Pietro, Benjamin; Smith, Jason; Lankhorst, Matthias; Koelling, Jannes (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2018-09)
    The Northwest Tropical Atlantic Station (NTAS) was established to address the need for accurate air-sea flux estimates and upper ocean measurements in a region with strong sea surface temperature anomalies and the ...
  • How data set characteristics influence ocean carbon export models 

    Bisson, Kelsey; Siegel, David A.; DeVries, Timothy; Cael, B. Barry; Buesseler, Ken O. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-09-13)
    Ocean biological processes mediate the transport of roughly 10 petagrams of carbon from the surface to the deep ocean each year and thus play an important role in the global carbon cycle. Even so, the globally integrated ...

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