Department members investigate the dynamics and thermodynamics of ocean circulation. They work globally from the Arctic to the Antarctic and from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Philippine shelf on the full range of oceanic processes, from mixing on centimeter scales to heat balance on the global scale.

Recent Submissions

  • Assimilating Lagrangian data for parameter estimation in a multiple-inlet system 

    Slivinski, Laura; Pratt, Lawrence J.; Rypina, Irina I.; Orescanin, Mara M.; Raubenheimer, Britt; MacMahan, Jamie; Elgar, Steve (2017-04)
    Numerical models of ocean circulation often depend on parameters that must be tuned to match either results from laboratory experiments or field observations. This study demonstrates that an initial, suboptimal estimate ...
  • Dimensions of continents and oceans – water has carved a perfect cistern 

    Whitehead, John A. (2017-03-26)
    The ocean basins have almost exactly the correct surface area and average depth to hold Earth’s water. This study asserts that three processes are responsible for this. First, the crust is thickened by lateral compression ...
  • Coral reef drag coefficients – water depth dependence 

    Lentz, Steven J.; Davis, Kristen A.; Churchill, James H.; DeCarlo, Thomas M. (American Meteorological Society, 2017-05-04)
    A major challenge in modeling the circulation over coral reefs is uncertainty in the drag coefficient because existing estimates span two orders of magnitude. Current and pressure measurements from five coral reefs are ...
  • The global ocean water cycle in atmospheric reanalysis, satellite, and ocean salinity 

    Yu, Lisan; Jin, Xiangze; Josey, Simon A.; Lee, Tong; Kumar, Arun; Wen, Caihong; Xue, Yan (American Meteorological Society, 2017-05-02)
    This study provides an assessment of the uncertainty in ocean surface (OS) freshwater budgets and variability using evaporation E and precipitation P from 10 atmospheric reanalyses, two combined satellite-based E − P ...
  • Overturning in the Subpolar North Atlantic Program : a new international ocean observing system 

    Lozier, M. Susan; Bacon, Sheldon; Bower, Amy S.; Cunningham, Stuart A.; de Jong, Marieke Femke; de Steur, Laura; deYoung, Brad; Fischer, Jürgen; Gary, Stefan F.; Greenan, Blair J. W.; Heimbach, Patrick; Holliday, Naomi P.; Houpert, Loïc; Inall, Mark E.; Johns, William E.; Johnson, Helen L.; Karstensen, Johannes; Li, Feili; Lin, Xiaopei; Mackay, Neill; Marshall, David P.; Mercier, Herlé; Myers, Paul G.; Pickart, Robert S.; Pillar, Helen R.; Straneo, Fiamma; Thierry, Virginie; Weller, Robert A.; Williams, Richard G.; Wilson, Chris; Yang, Jiayan; Zhao, Jian; Zika, Jan D. (American Meteorological Society, 2017-04-24)
    For decades oceanographers have understood the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) to be primarily driven by changes in the production of deep-water formation in the subpolar and subarctic North Atlantic. ...
  • Evolution of the East Greenland Current from Fram Strait to Denmark Strait : synoptic measurements from summer 2012 

    Håvik, Lisbeth; Pickart, Robert S.; Våge, Kjetil; Torres, Daniel J.; Thurnherr, Andreas M.; Beszczynska-Möller, Agnieszka; Walczowski, Waldemar; von Appen, Wilken-Jon (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-03-13)
    We present measurements from two shipboard surveys conducted in summer 2012 that sampled the rim current system around the Nordic Seas from Fram Strait to Denmark Strait. The data reveal that, along a portion of the ...
  • The importance of lateral variability on exchange across the inner shelf south of Martha's Vineyard, MA 

    Kirincich, Anthony R.; Lentz, Steven J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-03-24)
    This study examines the spatial variability of transport within the inner-shelf south of Martha's Vineyard Massachusetts, its time and space dependence, and its importance to the total volume exchanged between the nearshore ...
  • Trajectory encounter volume as a diagnostic of mixing potential in fluid flows 

    Rypina, Irina I.; Pratt, Lawrence J. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union&the American Geophysical Union, 2017-05-03)
    Fluid parcels can exchange water properties when coming into contact with each other, leading to mixing. The trajectory encounter mass and a related simplified quantity, the encounter volume, are introduced as a measure ...
  • Frequency content of sea surface height variability from internal gravity waves to mesoscale eddies 

    Savage, Anna C.; Arbic, Brian K.; Richman, James G.; Shriver, Jay F.; Alford, Matthew H.; Buijsman, Maarten C.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Sharma, Hari; Voet, Gunnar; Wallcraft, Alan J.; Zamudio, Luis (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-03-28)
    High horizontal-resolution (1=12:5° and 1=25°) 41-layer global simulations of the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM), forced by both atmospheric fields and the astronomical tidal potential, are used to construct global ...
  • The Atlantic Water boundary current north of Svalbard in late summer 

    Pérez Hernández, María Dolores; Pickart, Robert S.; Pavlov, Vladimir; Våge, Kjetil; Ingvaldsen, Randi B.; Sundfjord, Arild; Renner, Angelika H. H.; Torres, Daniel J.; Erofeeva, Svetlana Y. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-03-21)
    Data from a shipboard hydrographic/velocity survey carried out in September 2013 of the region north of Svalbard in the Nansen Basin are analyzed to characterize the Atlantic Water (AW) boundary current as it flows eastward ...
  • The impact of SST resolution change in the ERA-Interim reanalysis on wintertime Gulf Stream frontal air-sea interaction 

    Parfitt, Rhys; Czaja, Arnaud; Kwon, Young-Oh (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-04-01)
    This paper examines the sensitivity to a change in sea surface temperature (SST) resolution of the interaction between atmospheric and oceanic fronts in the Gulf Stream region in the ERA-Interim reanalysis data set. Two ...
  • Warm core ring cruise #1 : R/V Endeavor cruise no. 74 

    Stalcup, Marvel C.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Dunworth, Jane A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-07)
    At 1300 hours on 12 September 1981 the research vessel ENDEAVOR departed Woods Hole on a 22 day cruise to study the physical, chemical and biological structure of warm core ring 81-D. The cruise was the first of 5 ...
  • Extreme weather and climate events with ecological relevance : a review 

    Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Meehl, Gerald A. (2017-05)
    Robust evidence exists that certain extreme weather and climate events, especially daily temperature and precipitation extremes, have changed in regard to intensity and frequency over recent decades. These changes have ...
  • Greater role for Atlantic inflows on sea-ice loss in the Eurasian Basin of the Arctic Ocean 

    Polyakov, Igor V.; Pnyushkov, Andrey; Alkire, Matthew; Ashik, Igor M.; Baumann, Till M.; Carmack, Eddy C.; Goszczko, Ilona; Guthrie, John D.; Ivanov, Vladimir V.; Kanzow, Torsten; Krishfield, Richard A.; Kwok, Ron; Sundfjord, Arild; Morison, James H.; Rember, Robert; Yulin, Alexander (2017-03)
    Arctic sea-ice loss is a leading indicator of climate change and can be attributed, in large part, to atmospheric forcing. Here we show that recent ice reductions, weakening of the halocline, and shoaling of intermediate-depth ...
  • Hydrographic station data obtained in the East China Sea, June, 1980 

    Limeburner, Richard; Beardsley, Robert C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-03)
    Three surveys were made during June, 1980 on the R/V Oceanographer to measure the regional hydrographic structure in the East China Sea near the mouth of the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River. The objective of the hydrograph ...
  • CODE-1 : moored array and large-scale data report 

    Beardsley, Robert C.; Mills, Carol A.; Rosenfeld, Leslie K.; Bratkovich, Alan W.; Erdman, M. Rustin; Winant, Clinton D.; Allen, John S.; Halliwell, George R.; Brown, Wendell S.; Irish, James D. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983-08)
    The Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment (CODE) was undertaken to identify and study the important dynamical processes which govern the wind-driven motion of coastal water over the continental shelf. The initial effort ...
  • Sea surface pCO2 and O2 dynamics in the partially ice-covered Arctic Ocean 

    Islam, Fakhrul; DeGrandpre, Michael D.; Beatty, Cory; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Krishfield, Richard A.; Toole, John M.; Laney, Samuel R. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-25)
    Understanding the physical and biogeochemical processes that control CO2 and dissolved oxygen (DO) dynamics in the Arctic Ocean (AO) is crucial for predicting future air-sea CO2 fluxes and ocean acidification. Past studies ...
  • Entrainment in a dense current flowing down a rough sloping bottom in a rotating fluid 

    Ottolenghi, Luisa; Cenedese, Claudia; Adduce, Claudia (American Meteorological Society, 2017-02-20)
    Dense oceanic overflows descend over the rough topography of the continental slope entraining and mixing with surrounding waters. The associated dilution dictates the fate of these currents and thus is of fundamental ...
  • Spatial variability of the Arctic Ocean's double-diffusive staircase 

    Shibley, Nicole C.; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Carpenter, Jeffrey R.; Toole, John M. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-08)
    The Arctic Ocean thermohaline stratification frequently exhibits a staircase structure overlying the Atlantic Water Layer that can be attributed to the diffusive form of double-diffusive convection. The staircase consists ...
  • Reconstruction of ocean's interior from observed sea surface information 

    Liu, Lei; Peng, Shiqiu; Huang, Rui Xin (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-10)
    Observational surface data are used to reconstruct the ocean's interior through the “interior + surface quasigeostrophic” (isQG) method. The input data include the satellite-derived sea surface height, satellite-derived ...

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