Intracellular calcium movements during relaxation and recovery of superfast muscle fibers of the toadfish swimbladder
Nelson, Frank E.
Rome, Lawrence C.
Baylor, Stephen M.
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The mating call of the Atlantic toadfish is generated by bursts of high-frequency twitches of the superfast twitch fibers that surround the swimbladder. At 16°C, a calling period can last several hours, with individual 80–100-Hz calls lasting ∼500 ms interleaved with silent periods (intercall intervals) lasting ∼10 s. To understand the intracellular movements of Ca2+ during the intercall intervals, superfast fibers were microinjected with fluo-4, a high-affinity fluorescent Ca2+ indicator, and stimulated by trains of 40 action potentials at 83 Hz, which mimics fiber activity during calling. The fluo-4 fluorescence signal was measured during and after the stimulus trains; the signal was also simulated with a kinetic model of the underlying myoplasmic Ca2+ movements, including the binding and transport of Ca2+ by the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ pumps. The estimated total amount of Ca2+ released from the SR during a first stimulus train is ∼6.5 mM (concentration referred to the myoplasmic water volume). At 40 ms after cessation of stimulation, the myoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]) is below the threshold for force generation (∼3 µM), yet the estimated concentration of released Ca2+ remaining in the myoplasm (Δ[CaM]) is large, ∼5 mM, with ∼80% bound to parvalbumin. At 10 s after stimulation, [Ca2+] is ∼90 nM (three times the assumed resting level) and Δ[CaM] is ∼1.3 mM, with 97% bound to parvalbumin. Ca2+ movements during the intercall interval thus appear to be strongly influenced by (a) the accumulation of Ca2+ on parvalbumin and (b) the slow rate of Ca2+ pumping that ensues when parvalbumin lowers [Ca2+] near the resting level. With repetitive stimulus trains initiated at 10-s intervals, Ca2+ release and pumping come quickly into balance as a result of the stability (negative feedback) supplied by the increased rate of Ca2+ pumping at higher [Ca2+].
© The Author(s), 2014. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Journal of General Physiology 143 (2014): 605-620, doi:10.1085/jgp.201411160.
Suggested CitationArticle: Nelson, Frank E., Hollingworth, Stephen, Rome, Lawrence C., Baylor, Stephen M., "Intracellular calcium movements during relaxation and recovery of superfast muscle fibers of the toadfish swimbladder", Journal of General Physiology 143 (2014): 605-620, DOI:10.1085/jgp.201411160, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/6934
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