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dc.contributor.authorLandry, Jennifer J.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-19T15:01:59Z
dc.date.available2014-09-19T15:01:59Z
dc.date.issued2014-09
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/6851
dc.descriptionSubmitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution September 2014en_US
dc.description.abstractThe ocean is a complex, constantly changing, highly dynamical system. Prediction capabilities are constantly being improved in order to better understand and forecast ocean properties for applications in science, industry, and maritime interests. Our overarching goal is to better predict the ocean environment in regions of complex topography with a continental shelf, shelfbreak, canyons and steep slopes using the MIT Multidisciplinary Simulation, Estimation and Assimilation Systems (MSEAS) primitive-equation ocean model. We did this by focusing on the complex region surrounding Taiwan, and the period of time immediately following the passage of Typhoon Morakot. This area and period were studied extensively as part of the intense observation period during August - September 2009 of the joint U.S. - Taiwan program Quantifying, Predicting, and Exploiting Uncertainty Department Research Initiative (QPE DRI). Typhoon Morakot brought an unprecedented amount of rainfall within a very short time period and in this research, we model and study the effects of this rainfall on Taiwan’s coastal oceans as a result of river discharge. We do this through the use of a river discharge model and a bulk river-ocean mixing model. We complete a sensitivity study of the primitive-equation ocean model simulations to the different parameters of these models. By varying the shape, size, and depth of the bulk mixing model footprint, and examining the resulting impacts on ocean salinity forecasts, we are able to determine an optimal combination of salinity relaxation factors for highest accuracy.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipOffice of Naval Research for research support under grants N00014-08-1-0586 (QPE) to the Massachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institutionen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWHOI Thesesen_US
dc.subjectOcean-atmosphere interaction
dc.subjectNumerical weather forecasting
dc.titleCoastal ocean variability off the coast of Taiwan in response to Typhoon Morakot : river forcing, atmospheric forcing, and cold dome dynamicsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1575/1912/6851


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