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dc.contributor.authorDeeds, Jonathan R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorPetitpas, Christian M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorShue, Vangie  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Kevin D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKeafer, Bruce A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMcGillicuddy, Dennis J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMilligan, Peter J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Donald M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTurner, Jefferson T.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-06T20:18:04Z
dc.date.available2014-08-06T20:18:04Z
dc.date.issued2013-04-12
dc.identifier.citationDeep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 103 (2014): 329–349en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/6791
dc.descriptionThis paper is not subject to U.S. copyright. The definitive version was published in Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 103 (2014): 329–349, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.04.013.en_US
dc.description.abstractAs part of the NOAA ECOHAB funded Gulf of Maine Toxicity (GOMTOX)1 project, we determined Alexandrium fundyense abundance, paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxin composition, and concentration in quantitatively-sampled size-fractionated (20–64, 64–100, 100–200, 200–500, and >500 μm) particulate water samples, and the community composition of potential grazers of A. fundyense in these size fractions, at multiple depths (typically 1, 10, 20 m, and near-bottom) during 10 large-scale sampling cruises during the A. fundyense bloom season (May–August) in the coastal Gulf of Maine and on Georges Bank in 2007, 2008, and 2010. Our findings were as follows: (1) when all sampling stations and all depths were summed by year, the majority (94%±4%) of total PSP toxicity was contained in the 20–64 μm size fraction; (2) when further analyzed by depth, the 20–64 μm size fraction was the primary source of toxin for 97% of the stations and depths samples over three years; (3) overall PSP toxin profiles were fairly consistent during the three seasons of sampling with gonyautoxins (1, 2, 3, and 4) dominating (90.7%±5.5%), followed by the carbamate toxins saxitoxin (STX) and neosaxitoxin (NEO) (7.7%±4.5%), followed by n-sulfocarbamoyl toxins (C1 and 2, GTX5) (1.3%±0.6%), followed by all decarbamoyl toxins (dcSTX, dcNEO, dcGTX2&3) (<1%), although differences were noted between PSP toxin compositions for nearshore coastal Gulf of Maine sampling stations compared to offshore Georges Bank sampling stations for 2 out of 3 years; (4) surface cell counts of A. fundyense were a fairly reliable predictor of the presence of toxins throughout the water column; and (5) nearshore surface cell counts of A. fundyense in the coastal Gulf of Maine were not a reliable predictor of A. fundyense populations offshore on Georges Bank for 2 out of the 3 years sampled.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipVangie Shue was supported through the FDA and also through the Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology Mentorship Program. Research support was provided by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Grant NA06NOS4780245 for the Gulf of Maine Toxicity (GOMTOX) program. BAK, DJM, and DMA were partially supported by the Woods Hole Center for Oceans and Human Health through National Science Foundation Grants OCE-0430724 and OCE-0911031 and National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Grant 1P50-ES01274201.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.04.013
dc.subjectHarmful algal bloomen_US
dc.subjectPSP toxinsen_US
dc.subjectAlexandrium sp.en_US
dc.subjectVectorial intoxicationen_US
dc.subjectGulf of Maineen_US
dc.subjectGeorges Banken_US
dc.titlePSP toxin levels and plankton community composition and abundance in size-fractionated vertical profiles during spring/summer blooms of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense in the Gulf of Maine and on Georges Bank, 2007, 2008, and 2010 : 1. Toxin levelsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.04.013


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