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dc.contributor.authorThorrold, Simon R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAfonso, Pedro  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFontes, Jorge  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBraun, Camrin D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Ricardo S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSkomal, Gregory B.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationNature Communications 5 (2014): 4274en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2014. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Nature Communications 5 (2014): 4274, doi:10.1038/ncomms5274.en_US
dc.description.abstractEcological connections between surface waters and the deep ocean remain poorly studied despite the high biomass of fishes and squids residing at depths beyond the euphotic zone. These animals likely support pelagic food webs containing a suite of predators that include commercially important fishes and marine mammals. Here we deploy pop-up satellite archival transmitting tags on 15 Chilean devil rays (Mobula tarapacana) in the central North Atlantic Ocean, which provide movement patterns of individuals for up to 9 months. Devil rays were considered surface dwellers but our data reveal individuals descending at speeds up to 6.0 m s−1 to depths of almost 2,000 m and water temperatures <4 °C. The shape of the dive profiles suggests that the rays are foraging at these depths in deep scattering layers. Our results provide evidence of an important link between predators in the surface ocean and forage species occupying pelagic habitats below the euphotic zone in ocean ecosystems.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was partially supported by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology/Ministry of Education and Science (FCT/MCTES-MEC) through individual support to P.A. (Cieˆncia 2008/POPH/QREN) and J.F. (SFRH/BPD/66532/2009) and the LARSyS Strategic Project (PEst/OE/EEI/LA00009/2011). This study was support by the US National Science Foundation (OCE 0825148 to S.R.T. and G.B.S.), The Harrison Foundation, Rodney and Elizabeth Berens, the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (baseline research funds to M.L.B.) and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.en_US
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International*
dc.titleExtreme diving behaviour in devil rays links surface waters and the deep oceanen_US

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