Steeper declines in forest photosynthesis than respiration explain age-driven decreases in forest growth
Richardson, Andrew D.
Janssens, Ivan A.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordSuccession; Chronosequence; Forest dynamics; Photosynthesis; Respiration; Carbon flux; Carbon use efficiency
The traditional view of forest dynamics originated by Kira, Shidei, and Odum suggests a decline in net primary productivity (NPP) in ageing forests due to stabilized gross primary productivity (GPP) and continuously increased autotrophic respiration (Ra). The validity of these trends in GPP and Ra is, however, very difficult to test because of the lack of long-term ecosystem-scale field observations of both GPP and Ra. Ryan and colleagues have proposed an alternative hypothesis drawn from site-specific results that aboveground respiration and belowground allocation decreased in ageing forests. Here we analyzed data from a recently assembled global database of carbon fluxes and show that the classical view of the mechanisms underlying the age-driven decline in forest NPP is incorrect and thus support Ryan’s alternative hypothesis. Our results substantiate the age-driven decline in NPP, but in contrast to the traditional view, both GPP and Ra decline in ageing boreal and temperate forests. We find that the decline in NPP in ageing forests is primarily driven by GPP, which decreases more rapidly with increasing age than Ra does, but the ratio of NPP/GPP remains approximately constant within a biome. Our analytical models describing forest succession suggest that dynamic forest ecosystem models that follow the traditional paradigm need to be revisited.
Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2014. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of National Academy of Sciences for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111 (2014): 8856-8860, doi:10.1073/pnas.1320761111.
Suggested CitationPreprint: Tang, Jianwu, Luyssaert, Sebastiaan, Richardson, Andrew D., Kutsch, Werner, Janssens, Ivan A., "Steeper declines in forest photosynthesis than respiration explain age-driven decreases in forest growth", 2014-04, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1320761111, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/6693
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Variability in the carbon isotopic composition of foliage carbon pools (soluble carbohydrates, waxes) and respiration fluxes in southeastern U.S. pine forests Mortazavi, Behzad; Conte, Maureen H.; Chanton, Jeffrey P.; Weber, John C.; Martin, Timothy A.; Cropper, Wendell P. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-04-19)We measured the δ13C of assimilated carbon (foliage organic matter (δCOM), soluble carbohydrates (δCSC), and waxes (δCW)) and respiratory carbon (foliage (δCFR), soil (δCSR) and ecosystem 13CO2 (δCER)) for two years at ...
Tang, Jianwu; Bolstad, Paul V.; Martin, Jonathan G. (2008-07)We measured soil respiration and soil carbon stocks, as well as micrometeorological variables in a chronosequence of deciduous forests in Wisconsin and Michigan. The chronosequence consisted of (1) four recently disturbed ...
Chapin, F. Stuart; Woodwell, G. M.; Randerson, James T.; Rastetter, Edward B.; Lovett, G. M.; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Clark, D. A.; Harmon, Mark E.; Schimel, David S.; Valentini, R.; Wirth, C.; Aber, J. D.; Cole, Jonathan J.; Goulden, Michael L.; Harden, J. W.; Heimann, M.; Howarth, Robert W.; Matson, P. A.; McGuire, A. David; Melillo, Jerry M.; Mooney, H. A.; Neff, Jason C.; Houghton, Richard A.; Pace, Michael L.; Ryan, M. G.; Running, Steven W.; Sala, Osvaldo E.; Schlesinger, William H.; Schulze, E.-D. (2006-01-06)Recent patterns and projections of climatic change have focused increased scientific and public attention on patterns of carbon (C) cycling and its controls, particularly the factors that determine whether an ecosystem is ...