Internal wave effects on acoustic propagation
Duda, Timothy F.
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Internal gravity wave induced acoustic fluctuations are reviewed. It is well known that internal waves cause temporal and spatial variability above and beyond that caused by mesoscale and larger ocean heterogeneity. Increasingly detailed work over many decades has shown that deep-ocean internal waves, which have often been parameterized using the Garrett-Munk spectrum as a guide, are responsible for rapid acoustic field variability at all propagation ranges. Numerous experiments have shown that various sections of wavefronts from impulsive sources have fluctuation qualities well-described by theory, simulation, or both. In contrast, fluctuations in shallow water experiments, although known to be consistent with those expected from internal waves via theoretical and simulation arguments, are incompletely described by theories for a number of reasons. These reasons include nonstationary, inhomogeneous or anisotropic wave environments, unknown geoacoustic properties, and rapidly changing background currents, all of which prevent detailed comparison of observation and prediction. At this time, many different shallow-water internal wave scenarios give rise to similar field fluctuations, within reasonable confidence intervals for the predictions. This may simplify order-of magnitude fluctuation prediction, while simultaneously making inversion and highly-detailed prediction problematic.
Underwater Acoustics Measurements (UAM) 1st International Conference “Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results,” 28 June- 1 July 2005, Heraklion, Crete, Greece,
Suggested CitationProceedings of the 1st International Conference and Exhibition on "Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results" (2005)
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