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dc.contributor.authorBertrand, Erin M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMoran, Dawn M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMcIlvin, Matthew R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHoffman, Jeffrey M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAllen, Andrew E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSaito, Mak A.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-09T19:41:41Z
dc.date.available2014-04-09T19:41:41Z
dc.date.issued2013-07
dc.identifier.citationLimnology and Oceanography 58 (2013): 1431–1450en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/6547
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, 2013. This article is posted here by permission of Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Limnology and Oceanography 58 (2013): 1431–1450, doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.4.1431.en_US
dc.description.abstractThree proteins related to vitamin B12 metabolism in diatoms were quantified via selected reaction monitoring mass spectrometry: B12-dependent and B12-independent methionine synthase (MetH, MetE) and a B12 acquisition protein (CBA1). B12-mediated interreplacement of MetE and MetH metalloenzymes was observed in Phaeodactylum tricornutum where MetH abundance was highest (0.06 fmol µg−1 protein) under high B12 and MetE abundance increased to 3.25 fmol µg−1 protein under low B12 availability. Maximal MetE abundance was 60-fold greater than MetH, consistent with the expected ∼ 50–100-fold larger turnover number for MetH. MetE expression resulted in 30-fold increase in nitrogen and 40-fold increase in zinc allocated to methionine synthase activity under low B12. CBA1 abundance was 6-fold higher under low-B12 conditions and increased upon B12 resupply to starved cultures. While biochemical pathways that supplant B12 requirements exist and are utilized by organisms such as land plants, B12 use persists in eukaryotic phytoplankton. This study suggests that retention of B12 utilization by phytoplankton results in resource conservation under conditions of high B12 availability. MetE and MetH abundances were also measured in diatom communities from McMurdo Sound, verifying that both these proteins are expressed in natural communities. These protein measurements are consistent with previous studies suggesting that B12 availability influences Antarctic primary productivity. This study illuminates controls on expression of B12-related proteins, quantitatively assesses the metabolic consequences of B12 deprivation, and demonstrates that mass spectrometry–based protein measurements yield insight into the functioning of marine microbial communities.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by National Science Foundation (NSF) Antarctic Sciences awards 0732665, 1103503, and 0732822; NSF Division of Ocean Science awards 0752291, 0928414, and 1031271; The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation; Center for Microbial Oceanography Research and Education; an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship (2007037200); and an Environmental Protection Agency Science To Achieve Results (EPA-STAR) Fellowship to E.M.B. (F6E720324).en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherAssociation for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanographyen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2013.58.4.1431
dc.titleMethionine synthase interreplacement in diatom cultures and communities : implications for the persistence of B12 use by eukaryotic phytoplanktonen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.4319/lo.2013.58.4.1431


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