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dc.contributor.authorLique, Camille  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGuthrie, John D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSteele, Michael  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorProshutinsky, Andrey  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMorison, James H.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKrishfield, Richard A.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-09T16:08:22Z
dc.date.available2014-10-22T08:57:26Z
dc.date.issued2014-01-22
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119 (2014): 496-508en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/6539
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2014. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119 (2014): 496-508, doi:10.1002/2013JC009346.en_US
dc.description.abstractObservational studies have shown that an unprecedented warm anomaly has recently affected the temperature of the Atlantic Water (AW) layer lying at intermediate depth in the Arctic Ocean. Using observations from four profiling moorings, deployed in the interior of the Canada Basin between 2003 and 2011, the upward diffusive vertical heat flux from this layer is quantified. Vertical diffusivity is first estimated from a fine-scale parameterization method based on CTD and velocity profiles. Resulting diffusive vertical heat fluxes from the AW are in the range 0.1–0.2 W m−2 on average. Although large over the period considered, the variations of the AW temperature maximum yields small variations for the temperature gradient and thus the vertical diffusive heat flux. In most areas, variations in upward diffusive vertical heat flux from the AW have only a limited effect on temperature variations of the overlying layer. However, the presence of eddies might be an effective mechanism to enhance vertical heat transfer, although the small number of eddies sampled by the moorings suggest that this mechanism remains limited and intermittent in space and time. Finally, our results suggest that computing diffusive vertical heat flux with a constant vertical diffusivity of ∼2 × 10−6 m2 s−1 provides a reasonable estimate of the upward diffusive heat transfer from the AW layer, although this approximation breaks down in the presence of eddies.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipC. Lique acknowledge support from JISAO and the Program on Climate Change of the University of Washington. J. Guthrie and J. Morison are supported by National Science Foundation grants ARC-0909408 and ARC-0856330. M. Steele is supported by the Office of Naval Researches Arctic and Global Prediction Program, by NSFs Division of Polar Programs, and by NASAs Cryosphere and Physical Oceanography programs. Support for the BGOS program and R. Krishfield was provided by the National Science Foundation (under grants ARC-0806115, ARC-0631951, ARC-0806306, and ARC-0856531) and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution internal funding. For A. Proshutinsky, this research is supported by the National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs, awards ARC-1203720 and ARC-0856531.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009346
dc.subjectArctic Oceanen_US
dc.subjectAtlantic wateren_US
dc.subjectMixingen_US
dc.titleDiffusive vertical heat flux in the Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean inferred from moored instrumentsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.embargo2014-07-22en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/2013JC009346


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