Torque tests of a full size model of the Alvin/AUTEC emergency sphere release
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Laboratory torque tests were perfoirmed using an actual emergency sphere release shaft of the type used in the research submarines ALVIN, SEA CLIFF and TURTLE. A test fixture was constructed which permitted laboratory simulation of the side (squeezing) forces applied to the release shaft came as a result of forebody buoyancy. Estimated full-scale side forces were applied to the cam by a laboratory compression testing machine, and the torque required to rotate the shaft was measured. Tests were run with contacting surfaces (a) clean and dry, (b) greased, and (c) immersed in sea water. From the test results, values of release torque were calculated for the submarines in question. Coefficient of friction values of the contrating materials (Monel K-500 on phosphor bronze) also are reported.
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