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dc.contributor.authorHashioka, Taketo  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorVogt, Meike  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorYamanaka, Yasuhiro  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLe Quere, Corinne  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBuitenhuis, Erik T.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAita, M. N.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAlvain, S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBopp, Laurent  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHirata, T.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLima, Ivan D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSailley, Sevrine F.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDoney, Scott C.  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationBiogeosciences 10 (2013); 6833-6850en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2013. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Biogeosciences 10 (2013); 6833-6850, doi:10.5194/bg-10-6833-2013.en_US
dc.description.abstractWe investigated the mechanisms of phytoplankton competition during the spring bloom, one of the most dramatic seasonal events in lower-trophic-level ecosystems, in four state-of-the-art plankton functional type (PFT) models: PISCES, NEMURO, PlankTOM5 and CCSM-BEC. In particular, we investigated the relative importance of different ecophysiological processes on the determination of the community structure, focusing both on the bottom-up and the top-down controls. The models reasonably reproduced the observed global distribution and seasonal variation of phytoplankton biomass. The fraction of diatoms with respect to the total phytoplankton biomass increases with the magnitude of the spring bloom in all models. However, the governing mechanisms differ between models, despite the fact that current PFT models represent ecophysiological processes using the same types of parameterizations. The increasing trend in the percentage of diatoms with increasing bloom magnitude is mainly caused by a stronger nutrient dependence of diatom growth compared to nanophytoplankton (bottom-up control). The difference in the maximum growth rate plays an important role in NEMURO and PlankTOM5 and determines the absolute values of the percentage of diatoms during the bloom. In CCSM-BEC, the light dependency of growth plays an important role in the North Atlantic and the Southern Ocean. The grazing pressure by zooplankton (top-down control), however, strongly contributes to the dominance of diatoms in PISCES and CCSM-BEC. The regional differences in the percentage of diatoms in PlankTOM5 are mainly determined by top-down control. These differences in the mechanisms suggest that the response of marine ecosystems to climate change could significantly differ among models, even if the present-day ecosystem is reproduced to a similar degree of confidence. For further understanding of plankton competition and for the prediction of future change in marine ecosystems, it is important to understand the relative differences in each physiological rate and life history rate in the bottom-up and the top-down controls between PFTs.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipT. Hashioka, Y. Yamanaka and T. Hirata, were supported by the Grant-in-Aid for the Global COE Program from MEXT, by the Global Environment Research Fund (S-5) from the Ministry of the Environment and by the Strategic Young Researcher Overseas Visits Program for Accelerating Brain Circulation from JSPS. S. Doney, I. Lima and S. Sailley acknowledge support from C-MORE (NSF EF-0424599).en_US
dc.publisherCopernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Unionen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Unported*
dc.titlePhytoplankton competition during the spring bloom in four plankton functional type modelsen_US

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