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dc.contributor.authorSciascia, R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorStraneo, Fiamma  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCenedese, Claudia  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHeimbach, Patrick  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-14T18:40:47Z
dc.date.available2014-10-22T08:57:21Z
dc.date.issued2013-05-17
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 118 (2013): 2492–2506en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/6301
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2013. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 118 (2013): 2492–2506, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20142.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe circulation in a glacial fjord driven by a large tidewater glacier is investigated using a nonhydrostatic ocean general circulation model with a melt rate parameterization at the vertical glacier front. The model configuration and water properties are based on data collected in Sermilik Fjord near Helheim Glacier, a major Greenland outlet glacier. The approximately two-layer stratification of the fjord's ambient waters causes the meltwater plume at the glacier front to drive a “double cell” circulation with two distinct outflows, one at the free surface and one at the layers' interface. In summer, the discharge of surface runoff at the base of the glacier (subglacial discharge) causes the circulation to be much more vigorous and associated with a larger melt rate than in winter. The simulated “double cell” circulation is consistent, in both seasons, with observations from Sermilik Fjord. Seasonal differences are also present in the vertical structure of the melt rate, which is maximum at the base of the glacier in summer and at the layers' interface in winter. Simulated submarine melt rates are strongly sensitive to the amount of subglacial discharge, to changes in water temperature, and to the height of the layers. They are also consistent with those inferred from simplified one-dimensional models based on the theory of buoyant plumes. Our results also indicate that to correctly represent the dynamics of the meltwater plume, care must be taken in the choice of viscosity and diffusivity values in the model.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSupport to CC and FS was given by the National Science Foundation project OCE-1130008. CC received support also from the WHOI Arctic Research Initiative. RS and PH are supported in part by NSF project OCE-1129746. Additional funding for RS comes through ISAC-CNR U.O.S. Torino as part of the projects SHARE PAPRIKA and EU FP7 ACQWA, and for PH through NASA/MAP project NNX11AQ12G (ECCO-ICES).en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20142
dc.subjectFjord dynamicsen_US
dc.subjectOcean modelingen_US
dc.subjectIce-ocean interactionen_US
dc.titleSeasonal variability of submarine melt rate and circulation in an East Greenland fjorden_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.embargo2013-11-17en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/jgrc.20142


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