A laboratory model of a cooled continental shelf


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dc.contributor.author Whitehead, John A.
dc.contributor.author Frazel, Robert E.
dc.date.accessioned 2006-02-28T15:47:09Z
dc.date.available 2006-02-28T15:47:09Z
dc.date.issued 1993-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/626
dc.description.abstract A laboratory model of wintertme cooling over a continental shelf has a water surface cooled by air in an annular rotating tank. A flat shallow outer "continental shelf" region is next to a conical "contiental slope" bottom and a flat "deep ocean" center. The shelf flow consists of cellular convection cells descending into a region with very complicated baroclinic eddies. Extremely pronounced fronts are found at the shelf break and over the slope. Associated with these are sizable geostrophic currents along the shelf and over shelf break contour. Eddies are particularly energetic there. Cooling rate is compared with temperature difference between "continental shelf" and "deep ocean". Scaling considerations produce an empirical best fit formula for temperature difference as a function of cooling rate. This produces a relatively straight regression line over a wide range of rotation rates, shelf depths and cooling rates. If this formula is valid for the ocean, water over continental shelves will be much colder due to constraints imposed by rotation of the earth than if the fluid were not rotating. en
dc.description.sponsorship Funding was provided by the Office of Naval Research under Contract No. N00014-89-J-1037. en
dc.format.extent 1595766 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution en
dc.relation.ispartofseries WHOI Technical Reports en
dc.relation.ispartofseries WHOI-93-22 en
dc.subject Cooled shelf en
dc.subject Continental shelf en
dc.subject Laboratory model en
dc.subject Convection en
dc.title A laboratory model of a cooled continental shelf en
dc.type Technical Report en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1575/1912/626

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