Envisioning a marine biodiversity observation network
Duffy, J. Emmett
Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.
Fautin, Daphne G.
Rynearson, Tatiana A.
Sosik, Heidi M.
Stachowicz, John J.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordBiodiversity observation network (BON),; Biosecurity; Climate change; Ecosystem-based management; Ecosystem services
Humans depend on diverse ocean ecosystems for food, jobs, and sustained well-being, yet many stressors threaten marine life. Extensive research has demonstrated that maintaining biodiversity promotes ocean health and service provision; therefore, monitoring the status and trends of marine biodiversity is important for effective ecosystem management. However, there is no systematic sustained program for evaluating ocean biodiversity. Coordinating existing monitoring and building a proactive marine biodiversity observation network will support efficient, economical resource management and conservation and should be a high priority. A synthesis of expert opinions suggests that, to be most effective, a marine biodiversity observation network should integrate biological levels, from genes to habitats; link biodiversity observations to abiotic environmental variables; site projects to incorporate environmental forcing and biogeography; and monitor adaptively to address emerging issues. We summarize examples illustrating how to leverage existing data and infrastructure to meet these goals.
Author Posting. © University of California Press and American Institute of Biological Sciences, 2013. This article is posted here by permission of University of California Press and American Institute of Biological Sciences for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in BioScience 63 (2013): 350-361, doi:10.1525/bio.2013.63.5.8.
Suggested CitationBioScience 63 (2013): 350-361
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Benson, Abigail; Brooks, Cassandra M.; Canonico, Gabrielle; Duffy, J. Emmett; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Sosik, Heidi M.; Miloslavich, Patricia; Klein, Eduardo (Frontiers Media, 2018-11-16)Marine ecosystems have numerous benefits for human societies around the world and many policy initiatives now seek to maintain the health of these ecosystems. To enable wise decisions, up to date and accurate information ...
Danielson, Seth L.; Grebmeier, Jacqueline M.; Iken, Katrin; Berchok, Catherine L.; Britt, Lyle; Dunton, Kenneth; Eisner, Lisa B.; Farley, Edward V.; Fujiwara, Amane; Hauser, Donna D.W.; Itoh, Motoyo; Kikuchi, Takashi; Kotwicki, Stan; Kuletz, Kathy J.; Mordy, Calvin W.; Nishino, Shigeto; Peralta-Ferriz, Cecilia; Pickart, Robert S.; Stabeno, Phyllis J.; Stafford, Kathleen M.; Whiting, Alex V.; Woodgate, Rebecca (Oceanography Society, 2022-04-28)Ongoing scientific programs that monitor marine environmental and ecological systems and changes comprise an informal but collaborative, information-rich, and spatially extensive network for the Alaskan Arctic continental ...
Managing Scientific Data and Successful Library Partnerships: Sharing of Marine Data from Oceanographic Surveys Through a Proposed Library Network within the Westpac Region (Part: Southeast Asia) Hai Yen, Dang Thi (IAMSLIC, 2016)The Western Pacific region is of vast social and economic importance with over 70% of the population living in and relying economically on coastal areas, and with approximately 54% of the world’s GDP generated from this ...