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dc.contributor.authorRead, Betsy A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKegel, Jessica  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKlute, Mary J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKuo, Alan J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLefebvre, Stephane C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMaumus, Florian  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMayer, Christoph  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMiller, John  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMonier, Adam  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSalamov, Asaf  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Jeremy  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAguilar, Maria  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorClaverie, Jean-Michel  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFrickenhaus, Stephan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGonzalez, Karina  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHerman, Emily K.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLin, Yao-Cheng  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorNapier, Johnathan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorOgata, Hiroyuki  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSarno, Analissa F.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorShmutz, Jeremy  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSchroeder, Declan C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorde Vargas, Colomban  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorVerret, Frederic  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorvon Dassow, Peter  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorValentin, Klaus  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorVan de Peer, Yves  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWheeler, Glen L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorEmiliania huxleyi Annotation Consortium  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDacks, Joel B.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDelwiche, Charles F.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDyhrman, Sonya T.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGlockne, Gernot  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorJoh, Uwe  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRichards, Thomas  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWorden, Alexandra Z.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xiaoyu  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGrigoriev, Igor V.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2013-08-20T15:35:26Z
dc.date.available2013-08-20T15:35:26Z
dc.date.issued2013-07-10
dc.identifier.citationNature 499 (2013): 209–213en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/6161
dc.description© The Author(s), 2013. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Nature 499 (2013): 209–213, doi:10.1038/nature12221.en_US
dc.description.abstractCoccolithophores have influenced the global climate for over 200 million years1. These marine phytoplankton can account for 20 per cent of total carbon fixation in some systems2. They form blooms that can occupy hundreds of thousands of square kilometres and are distinguished by their elegantly sculpted calcium carbonate exoskeletons (coccoliths), rendering them visible from space3. Although coccolithophores export carbon in the form of organic matter and calcite to the sea floor, they also release CO2 in the calcification process. Hence, they have a complex influence on the carbon cycle, driving either CO2 production or uptake, sequestration and export to the deep ocean4. Here we report the first haptophyte reference genome, from the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi strain CCMP1516, and sequences from 13 additional isolates. Our analyses reveal a pan genome (core genes plus genes distributed variably between strains) probably supported by an atypical complement of repetitive sequence in the genome. Comparisons across strains demonstrate that E. huxleyi, which has long been considered a single species, harbours extensive genome variability reflected in different metabolic repertoires. Genome variability within this species complex seems to underpin its capacity both to thrive in habitats ranging from the equator to the subarctic and to form large-scale episodic blooms under a wide variety of environmental conditions.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipJoint Genome Institute (JGI) contributions were supported by the Office of Science of the US Department of Energy (DOE) under contract no. 7DE-AC02-05CH11231.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/vnd.ms-excel
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1038/nature12221
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/*
dc.subjectGenetic variationen_US
dc.titlePan genome of the phytoplankton Emiliania underpins its global distributionen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/nature12221


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Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported