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dc.contributor.authorCrook, Elizabeth D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCohen, Anne L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRebolledo-Vieyra, Mario  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHernandez, Laura  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorPaytan, Adina  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-28T18:35:28Z
dc.date.available2014-10-22T08:57:22Z
dc.date.issued2013-05
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/6025
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © The Author(s), 2013. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of National Academy of Sciences for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110 (2013):11044-11049, doi:10.1073/pnas.1301589110.en_US
dc.description.abstractAs the surface ocean equilibrates with rising atmospheric CO2, the pH of surface seawater is decreasing with potentially negative impacts on coral calcification. A critical question is whether corals will be able to adapt or acclimate to these changes in seawater chemistry. We use high precision CT scanning of skeletal cores of Porites astreoides, an important Caribbean reef-building coral, to show that calcification rates decrease significantly along a natural gradient in pH and aragonite saturation (Ωarag). This decrease is accompanied by an increase in skeletal erosion and predation by boring organisms. The degree of sensitivity to reduced Ωarag measured on our field corals is consistent with that exhibited by the same species in laboratory CO2 manipulation experiments. We conclude that the Porites corals at our field site were not able to acclimatize enough to prevent the impacts of local ocean acidification on their skeletal growth and development, despite spending their entire lifespan in low pH, low Ωarag seawater.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by Na¬tional Science Foundation (NSF) OCE-1040952, a University of California Institute for Mexico and the United States (UC-Mexus) grant (to A.P.), and NSF OCE-1041106 (to A.L.C.). E.D.C. was funded through NSF-GFR and a EPA-STAR fellowships.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1301589110
dc.titleReduced calcification and lack of acclimatization by coral colonies growing in areas of persistent natural acidificationen_US
dc.typePreprinten_US
dc.description.embargo2013-12-17en_US


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