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dc.contributor.authorWhittaker, Kerry A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRignanese, Dayna R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorOlson, Robert J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRynearson, Tatiana A.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2013-02-20T20:22:00Z
dc.date.available2013-02-20T20:22:00Z
dc.date.issued2012-10-26
dc.identifier.citationBMC Evolutionary Biology 12 (2012): 209en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/5782
dc.description© The Author(s), 2012. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 12 (2012): 209, doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-209.en_US
dc.description.abstractMarine phytoplankton drift passively with currents, have high dispersal potentials and can be comprised of morphologically cryptic species. To examine molecular subdivision in the marine diatom Thalassiosira rotula, variations in rDNA sequence, genome size, and growth rate were examined among isolates collected from the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean basins. Analyses of rDNA included T. gravida because morphological studies have argued that T. rotula and T. gravida are conspecific. Culture collection isolates of T. gravida and T. rotula diverged by 7.0 ± 0.3% at the ITS1 and by 0.8 ± 0.03% at the 28S. Within T. rotula, field and culture collection isolates were subdivided into three lineages that diverged by 0.6 ± 0.3% at the ITS1 and 0% at the 28S. The predicted ITS1 secondary structure revealed no compensatory base pair changes among lineages. Differences in genome size were observed among isolates, but were not correlated with ITS1 lineages. Maximum acclimated growth rates of isolates revealed genotype by environment effects, but these were also not correlated with ITS1 lineages. In contrast, intra-individual variation in the multi-copy ITS1 revealed no evidence of recombination amongst lineages, and molecular clock estimates indicated that lineages diverged 0.68 Mya. The three lineages exhibited different geographic distributions and, with one exception, each field sample was dominated by a single lineage. The degree of inter- and intra-specific divergence between T. gravida and T. rotula suggests they should continue to be treated as separate species. The phylogenetic distinction of the three closely-related T. rotula lineages was unclear. On the one hand, the lineages showed no physiological differences, no consistent genome size differences and no significant changes in the ITS1 secondary structure, suggesting there are no barriers to interbreeding among lineages. In contrast, analysis of intra-individual variation in the multicopy ITS1 as well as molecular clock estimates of divergence suggest these lineages have not interbred for significant periods of time. Given the current data, these lineages should be considered a single species. Furthermore, these T. rotula lineages may be ecologically relevant, given their differential abundance over large spatial scales.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by National Science Foundation grants, NSF 0727227 (to TAR) and NSF SBE0245039 (to URI, TAR). Part of the research was conducted using instrumentation supported by NSF-EPSCoR grants 0554548 and 1004057.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-12-209
dc.rightsAttribution 2.0 Generic*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/*
dc.subjectPhytoplanktonen_US
dc.subjectPhylogeographyen_US
dc.subjectDispersalen_US
dc.subjectPhysiologyen_US
dc.subjectIntraspecific diversityen_US
dc.titleMolecular subdivision of the marine diatom Thalassiosira rotula in relation to geographic distribution, genome size, and physiologyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-2148-12-209


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