Identification of juvenile hormone-active alkylphenols in the lobster Homarus americanus and in marine sediments
Biggers, William J.
MetadataShow full item record
We have identified, by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, four alkylphenols that are present in the hemolymph and tissues of the American lobster Homarus americanus and in marine sediments. These alkylphenols are used industrially in antioxidant formulations for plastic and rubber polymer manufacturing, and are similar in structure to a known endocrine disruptor, bisphenol A. The compound 2-t-butyl-4-(dimethylbenzyl)phenol was present at concentrations of 0.02 to 1.15 µg/ml in hemolymph and 8.95 to 21.58 µg/g in sediments. A second compound, 2,4-bis-(dimethylbenzyl)phenol, was present at concentrations between 0.07 and 19.78 µg/ml in hemolymph and 138.94 to 224.89 µg/g in sediment, while a third compound, 2,6-bis-(t-butyl)-4-(dimethylbenzyl)phenol, was found at concentrations between 0.01 and 13.00 µg/ml in hemolymph, 2.55 and 6.11 µg/g in hepatopancreas, and 47.85 and 74.66 µg/g in sediment. A fourth compound, 2,4-bis-(dimethylbenzyl)-6-t-butylphenol, was found at concentrations of 0.20 to 70.71 µg/ml in hemolymph, 23.56 to 26.89 µg/g in hepatopancreas, and 90.68 to 125.58 µg/g in sediment. These compounds, along with bisphenol A, 4-dimethylbenzylphenol, and nonylphenol, display high juvenile hormone activity in bioassays. Alkylphenols at high concentrations are toxic to crustaceans and may contribute significantly to lobster mortality; at lower concentrations, they are likely to have endocrine-disrupting effects.
Author Posting. © Marine Biological Laboratory, 2004. This article is posted here by permission of Marine Biological Laboratory for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Biological Bulletin 206 (2004): 13-24.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Marine biological diversity : report of a meeting of the Marine Biological Diversity Working Group Eiswerth, Mark E. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-03)On August 3 - 4, 1989, the Marine Policy Center of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution hosted the initial meeting of the Marine Biological Diversity Working Group. The formation of this working group was fostered as part ...
Developing a national marine electronics agenda : proceedings of the Marine Instrumentation Panel meeting, September 12-14, 1989 Gaines, Arthur G.; Lindborg, Kristina L. C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-12)Thirteen short papers address aspects of competitiveness in the marine electronics instrumentation industry. Topics include activity and status of government initiatives in Japan and Europe to promote this industry; and ...
Marine sedimentary organic matter : delineation of marine and terrestrial sources through radiocarbon dating; and the role of organic sulfur in early petroleum generation Benitez-Nelson, Bryan C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1996-05)This thesis details two years of research conducted with the guidance and support of three advisors: Dr. J. K. Whelan, Dr. J. S. Seewald and Dr. T. I. Eglinton. Each of the three chapters represents a different, ...