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Bathymetric controls on sediment transport in the Hudson River estuary : lateral asymmetry and frontal trapping

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dc.contributor.author Ralston, David K.
dc.contributor.author Geyer, W. Rockwell
dc.contributor.author Warner, John C.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-28T19:34:18Z
dc.date.available 2013-04-17T08:47:14Z
dc.date.issued 2012-10-17
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Geophysical Research 117 (2012): C10013 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/5585
dc.description Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2012. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 117 (2012): C10013, doi:10.1029/2012JC008124. en_US
dc.description.abstract Analyses of field observations and numerical model results have identified that sediment transport in the Hudson River estuary is laterally segregated between channel and shoals, features frontal trapping at multiple locations along the estuary, and varies significantly over the spring-neap tidal cycle. Lateral gradients in depth, and therefore baroclinic pressure gradient and stratification, control the lateral distribution of sediment transport. Within the saline estuary, sediment fluxes are strongly landward in the channel and seaward on the shoals. At multiple locations, bottom salinity fronts form at bathymetric transitions in width or depth. Sediment convergences near the fronts create local maxima in suspended-sediment concentration and deposition, providing a general mechanism for creation of secondary estuarine turbidity maxima at bathymetric transitions. The lateral bathymetry also affects the spring-neap cycle of sediment suspension and deposition. In regions with broad, shallow shoals, the shoals are erosional and the channel is depositional during neap tides, with the opposite pattern during spring tides. Narrower, deeper shoals are depositional during neaps and erosional during springs. In each case, the lateral transfer is from regions of higher to lower bed stress, and depends on the elevation of the pycnocline relative to the bed. Collectively, the results indicate that lateral and along-channel gradients in bathymetry and thus stratification, bed stress, and sediment flux lead to an unsteady, heterogeneous distribution of sediment transport and trapping along the estuary rather than trapping solely at a turbidity maximum at the limit of the salinity intrusion. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This research was funded by a grant from the Hudson River Foundation (#002/07A). D.R. was partially supported by the Office of Naval Research (N00014-08-1-0846). en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union en_US
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012JC008124
dc.subject Estuarine turbidity maximum en_US
dc.subject Lateral sediment distribution en_US
dc.subject Salinity fronts en_US
dc.subject Sediment flux en_US
dc.subject Sediment trapping en_US
dc.subject Stratification en_US
dc.title Bathymetric controls on sediment transport in the Hudson River estuary : lateral asymmetry and frontal trapping en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.embargo 2013-04-17 en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1029/2012JC008124


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