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Quantitative measurements and modeling of cargo–motor interactions during fast transport in the living axon

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dc.contributor.author Seamster, Pamela E.
dc.contributor.author Loewenberg, Michael
dc.contributor.author Pascal, Jennifer
dc.contributor.author Chauviere, Arnaud
dc.contributor.author Gonzales, Aaron
dc.contributor.author Cristini, Vittorio
dc.contributor.author Bearer, Elaine L.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-09T17:16:05Z
dc.date.available 2013-09-25T08:28:30Z
dc.date.issued 2012-09-25
dc.identifier.citation Physical Biology 9 (2012): 055005 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/5541
dc.description Author Posting. © IOP Publishing, 2012. This article is posted here by permission of IOP Publishing for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Physical Biology 9 (2012): 055005, doi:10.1088/1478-3975/9/5/055005. en_US
dc.description.abstract The kinesins have long been known to drive microtubule-based transport of sub-cellular components, yet the mechanisms of their attachment to cargo remain a mystery. Several different cargo-receptors have been proposed based on their in vitro binding affinities to kinesin-1. Only two of these—phosphatidyl inositol, a negatively charged lipid, and the carboxyl terminus of the amyloid precursor protein (APP-C), a trans-membrane protein—have been reported to mediate motility in living systems. A major question is how these many different cargo, receptors and motors interact to produce the complex choreography of vesicular transport within living cells. Here we describe an experimental assay that identifies cargo–motor receptors by their ability to recruit active motors and drive transport of exogenous cargo towards the synapse in living axons. Cargo is engineered by derivatizing the surface of polystyrene fluorescent nanospheres (100 nm diameter) with charged residues or with synthetic peptides derived from candidate motor receptor proteins, all designed to display a terminal COOH group. After injection into the squid giant axon, particle movements are imaged by laser-scanning confocal time-lapse microscopy. In this report we compare the motility of negatively charged beads with APP-C beads in the presence of glycine-conjugated non-motile beads using new strategies to measure bead movements. The ensuing quantitative analysis of time-lapse digital sequences reveals detailed information about bead movements: instantaneous and maximum velocities, run lengths, pause frequencies and pause durations. These measurements provide parameters for a mathematical model that predicts the spatiotemporal evolution of distribution of the two different types of bead cargo in the axon. The results reveal that negatively charged beads differ from APP-C beads in velocity and dispersion, and predict that at long time points APP-C will achieve greater progress towards the presynaptic terminal. The significance of this data and accompanying model pertains to the role transport plays in neuronal function, connectivity, and survival, and has implications in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's, Huntington and Parkinson's diseases. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported in part by NINDS RO1 NS046810 and RO1 NS062184 (ELB), NIGMS RO1 GM47368 (ELB), the Physical Sciences in Oncology Center grant U54CA143837 (VC), NIGMS K12GM088021 (JP), and NSF IGERT DGE-0549500 (PES). ELB and VC also received pilot project funds from the UNM Center for Spatiotemporal modeling, funded by NIGMS, P50GM08273, which also supported AC. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype video/quicktime
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher IOP Publishing en_US
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1478-3975/9/5/055005
dc.title Quantitative measurements and modeling of cargo–motor interactions during fast transport in the living axon en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.embargo 2013-09-25 en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1088/1478-3975/9/5/055005


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