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Coupled atmosphere-ocean-wave simulations of a storm event over the Gulf of Lion and Balearic Sea

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dc.contributor.author Renault, Lionel
dc.contributor.author Chiggiato, Jacopo
dc.contributor.author Warner, John C.
dc.contributor.author Gomez, Marta
dc.contributor.author Vizoso, Guillermo
dc.contributor.author Tintore, Joaquin
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-22T18:44:10Z
dc.date.available 2013-03-15T08:46:16Z
dc.date.issued 2012-09-15
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Geophysical Research 117 (2012): C09019 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/5481
dc.description Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2012. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 117 (2012): C09019, doi:10.1029/2012JC007924. en_US
dc.description.abstract The coastal areas of the North-Western Mediterranean Sea are one of the most challenging places for ocean forecasting. This region is exposed to severe storms events that are of short duration. During these events, significant air-sea interactions, strong winds and large sea-state can have catastrophic consequences in the coastal areas. To investigate these air-sea interactions and the oceanic response to such events, we implemented the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport Modeling System simulating a severe storm in the Mediterranean Sea that occurred in May 2010. During this event, wind speed reached up to 25 m.s−1 inducing significant sea surface cooling (up to 2°C) over the Gulf of Lion (GoL) and along the storm track, and generating surface waves with a significant height of 6 m. It is shown that the event, associated with a cyclogenesis between the Balearic Islands and the GoL, is relatively well reproduced by the coupled system. A surface heat budget analysis showed that ocean vertical mixing was a major contributor to the cooling tendency along the storm track and in the GoL where turbulent heat fluxes also played an important role. Sensitivity experiments on the ocean-atmosphere coupling suggested that the coupled system is sensitive to the momentum flux parameterization as well as air-sea and air-wave coupling. Comparisons with available atmospheric and oceanic observations showed that the use of the fully coupled system provides the most skillful simulation, illustrating the benefit of using a fully coupled ocean-atmosphere–wave model for the assessment of these storm events. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work has been partially supported by MyOcean2 EU funded project 283367 whose support is gratefully acknowledged. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union en_US
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012JC007924
dc.subject Mediterranean Sea en_US
dc.subject Air-sea interactions en_US
dc.subject Air-wave interactions en_US
dc.subject Coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave simulations en_US
dc.subject Severe storm/cyclogenesis en_US
dc.subject Wind stress parametrization en_US
dc.title Coupled atmosphere-ocean-wave simulations of a storm event over the Gulf of Lion and Balearic Sea en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.embargo 2013-03-15 en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1029/2012JC007924


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