A metagenomic assessment of winter and summer bacterioplankton from Antarctica Peninsula coastal surface waters
Grzymski, Joseph J.
Riesenfeld, Christian S.
Williams, Timothy J.
Dussaq, Alex M.
Ducklow, Hugh W.
Murray, Alison E.
MetadataShow full item record
Antarctic surface oceans are well-studied during summer when irradiance levels are high, sea ice is melting and primary productivity is at a maximum. Coincident with this timing, the bacterioplankton respond with significant increases in secondary productivity. Little is known about bacterioplankton in winter when darkness and sea-ice cover inhibit photoautotrophic primary production. We report here an environmental genomic and small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) analysis of winter and summer Antarctic Peninsula coastal seawater bacterioplankton. Intense inter-seasonal differences were reflected through shifts in community composition and functional capacities encoded in winter and summer environmental genomes with significantly higher phylogenetic and functional diversity in winter. In general, inferred metabolisms of summer bacterioplankton were characterized by chemoheterotrophy, photoheterotrophy and aerobic anoxygenic photosynthesis while the winter community included the capacity for bacterial and archaeal chemolithoautotrophy. Chemolithoautotrophic pathways were dominant in winter and were similar to those recently reported in global ‘dark ocean’ mesopelagic waters. If chemolithoautotrophy is widespread in the Southern Ocean in winter, this process may be a previously unaccounted carbon sink and may help account for the unexplained anomalies in surface inorganic nitrogen content.
© The Author(s), 2012. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in The ISME Journal 6 (2012): 1901-1915, doi:10.1038/ismej.2012.31.
The following license files are associated with this item:
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Crump, Byron C.; Adams, Heather E.; Hobbie, John E.; Kling, George W. (Ecological Society of America, 2007-06)Bacterioplankton community composition was compared across 10 lakes and 14 streams within the catchment of Toolik Lake, a tundra lake in Arctic Alaska, during seven surveys conducted over three years using denaturing ...
Microbial biogeography along an estuarine salinity gradient : combined influences of bacterial growth and residence time Crump, Byron C.; Hopkinson, Charles S.; Sogin, Mitchell L.; Hobbie, John E. (American Society for Microbiology, 2004-03)Shifts in bacterioplankton community composition along the salinity gradient of the Parker River estuary and Plum Island Sound, in northeastern Massachusetts, were related to residence time and bacterial community doubling ...
Depleted dissolved organic carbon and distinct bacterial communities in the water column of a rapid-flushing coral reef ecosystem Nelson, Craig E.; Alldredge, Alice L.; McCliment, Elizabeth A.; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; Carlson, Craig A. (2011-01-11)Coral reefs are highly productive ecosystems bathed in unproductive, low-nutrient oceanic waters, where microbially-dominated food webs are supported largely by bacterioplankton recycling of dissolved compounds. Despite ...