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Early anthropogenic transformation of the Danube-Black Sea system

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dc.contributor.author Giosan, Liviu
dc.contributor.author Coolen, Marco J. L.
dc.contributor.author Kaplan, Jed O.
dc.contributor.author Constantinescu, Stefan
dc.contributor.author Filip, Florin
dc.contributor.author Filipova-Marinova, Mariana
dc.contributor.author Kettner, Albert J.
dc.contributor.author Thom, Nick
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-12T20:37:53Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-12T20:37:53Z
dc.date.issued 2012-08-30
dc.identifier.citation Scientific Reports 2 (2012): 582 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/5451
dc.description © The Author(s), 2012. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Scientific Reports 2 (2012): 582, doi:10.1038/srep00582. en_US
dc.description.abstract Over the last century humans have altered the export of fluvial materials leading to significant changes in morphology, chemistry, and biology of the coastal ocean. Here we present sedimentary, paleoenvironmental and paleogenetic evidence to show that the Black Sea, a nearly enclosed marine basin, was affected by land use long before the changes of the Industrial Era. Although watershed hydroclimate was spatially and temporally variable over the last ~3000 years, surface salinity dropped systematically in the Black Sea. Sediment loads delivered by Danube River, the main tributary of the Black Sea, significantly increased as land use intensified in the last two millennia, which led to a rapid expansion of its delta. Lastly, proliferation of diatoms and dinoflagellates over the last five to six centuries, when intensive deforestation occurred in Eastern Europe, points to an anthropogenic pulse of river-borne nutrients that radically transformed the food web structure in the Black Sea. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This study was supported by grants OISE 0637108, EAR 0952146, OCE 0602423 and OCE 0825020 from the National Science Foundation and grants from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Nature Publishing Group en_US
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep00582
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ *
dc.title Early anthropogenic transformation of the Danube-Black Sea system en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/srep00582


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