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Concerning the structure of some cumulus clouds which penetrated the high tropical troposphere

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dc.contributor.author Malkus, Joanne Starr
dc.contributor.author Ronne, Claude
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-10T16:13:31Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-10T16:13:31Z
dc.date.issued 1954-03
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/5424
dc.description Originally issued as Reference No. 54-18, series later renamed WHOI-. en_US
dc.description.abstract Some extremely large oceanic trade-mind cumulonimbus clouds extending upwards of 40,000 ft. into a region of strong winds and intense vertical shear have been studied by means of time-lapse photography. A simultaneous still picture of the clouds taken a known distance and direction away from the motion pictures permits triangulation upon the clouds and calculation of the vertical and horizontal motions of several of the individual towers. By means of a nearby radiosonde observation, it is established that the air forming the strongest of these towers must have risen from near cloud base with little or no dilution of its buoyancy by mixing with the clear-air surroundings. The model of Malkus and Scorer (1954) concerning the erosion of cumulus towers is reviewed and tested upon these towers with satisfactory results. A minimum horizontal cloud dimension is apparently required for the production of undiluted towers. The horizontal motion of the clouds relative to the air is also estimated from the model and tested by the observations and the net upward transport of latent heat in water vapor is calculated approximately. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Office of Naval Research Under Contract N6onr-27702 (NR-082-021)
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries WHOI Technical Reports en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries WHOI-54-18 en_US
dc.subject Clouds en_US
dc.subject Trade winds en_US
dc.subject Cumulus en_US
dc.subject Tropospheric circulation en_US
dc.title Concerning the structure of some cumulus clouds which penetrated the high tropical troposphere en_US
dc.type Technical Report en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1575/1912/5424


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