Ascidians at the Pacific and Atlantic entrances to the Panama Canal


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dc.contributor.author Carman, Mary R.
dc.contributor.author Bullard, Stephan G.
dc.contributor.author Rocha, Rosana M.
dc.contributor.author Lambert, Gretchen
dc.contributor.author Dijkstra, Jennifer A.
dc.contributor.author Roper, James J.
dc.contributor.author Goodwin, Anne M.
dc.contributor.author Carman, Mimi M.
dc.contributor.author Vail, Elisabete M.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-07T16:23:37Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-07T16:23:37Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08-12
dc.identifier.citation Aquatic Invasions 6 (2011): 371-380 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/5294
dc.description © The Author(s), 2011. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Aquatic Invasions 6 (2011): 371-380, doi:10.3391/ai.2011.6.4.02. en_US
dc.description.abstract The Panama Canal region is susceptible to non-native species introductions due to the heavy international shipping traffic through the area. Ascidian introductions are occurring worldwide but little is known about introductions at the Panama Canal. Surveys were conducted in 2002, 2008, and 2009 within the Pacific and Atlantic entrances to the canal. We found a high diversity of ascidians on both sides of the canal, dominated by non-native species; six species occurred at both Pacific and Atlantic Panama sites. This is the first report of Polyandrocarpa anguinea and P. sagamiensis in Atlantic Panama waters and Ascidia incrassata, Ascidia sydneiensis, Botrylloides nigrum, Botryllus planus, Didemnum perlucidum, Diplosoma listerianum, Microcosmus exasperatus, Polyandrocarpa zorritensis, Polyclinum constellatum, Symplegma brakenhielmi, Symplegma rubra, and Trididemnum orbiculatum in Pacific Panama waters. The canal may serve as a major invasion corridor for ascidians and should be monitored over time. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Funding for this project came from WHOI Ocean Life Institute-Tropical Research Initiative to Carman and CNPq to Rocha. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre (REABIC) en_US
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.3391/ai.2011.6.4.02
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 *
dc.subject Panama Canal en_US
dc.subject Tunicates en_US
dc.subject Shipping traffic en_US
dc.subject Species introductions en_US
dc.subject Tropics en_US
dc.title Ascidians at the Pacific and Atlantic entrances to the Panama Canal en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.3391/ai.2011.6.4.02

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