A conceptual model of an Arctic sea
Barber, David G.
MetadataShow full item record
We propose a conceptual model for an Arctic sea that is driven by river runoff, atmospheric fluxes, sea ice melt/growth, and winds. The model domain is divided into two areas, the interior and boundary regions, that are coupled through Ekman and eddy fluxes of buoyancy. The model is applied to Hudson and James Bays (HJB, a large inland basin in northeastern Canada) for the period 1979–2007. Several yearlong records from instruments moored within HJB show that the model results are consistent with the real system. The model notably reproduces the seasonal migration of the halocline, the baroclinic boundary current, spatial variability of freshwater content, and the fall maximum in freshwater export. The simulations clarify the important differences in the freshwater balance of the western and eastern sides of HJB. The significant role played by the boundary current in the freshwater budget of the system, and its sensitivity to the wind-forcing, are also highlighted by the simulations and new data analyses. We conclude that the model proposed is useful for the interpretation of observed data from Arctic seas and model outputs from more complex coupled/climate models.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2012. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 117 (2012): C06010, doi:10.1029/2011JC007652.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Recent advances in Arctic ocean studies employing models from the Arctic Ocean Model Intercomparison Project Proshutinsky, Andrey; Aksenov, Yevgeny; Kinney, Jaclyn Clement; Gerdes, Rudiger; Golubeva, Elena; Holland, David; Holloway, Greg; Jahn, Alexandra; Johnson, Mark; Popova, Ekaterina; Steele, Michael; Watanabe, Eiji (Oceanography Society, 2011-09)Observational data show that the Arctic Ocean has significantly and rapidly changed over the last few decades, which is unprecedented in the observational record. Air and water temperatures have increased, sea ice volume ...
Evaluation of Arctic sea ice thickness simulated by Arctic Ocean Model Intercomparison Project models Johnson, Mark; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Aksenov, Yevgeny; Nguyen, An T.; Lindsay, Ron; Haas, Christian; Zhang, Jinlun; Diansky, Nikolay; Kwok, Ron; Maslowski, Wieslaw; Hakkinen, Sirpa M. A.; Ashik, Igor M.; de Cuevas, Beverly (American Geophysical Union, 2012-03-15)Six Arctic Ocean Model Intercomparison Project model simulations are compared with estimates of sea ice thickness derived from pan-Arctic satellite freeboard measurements (2004–2008); airborne electromagnetic measurements ...
Arctic decadal variability from an idealized atmosphere-ice-ocean model: 1. Model description, calibration, and validation Dukhovskoy, Dmitry S.; Johnson, Mark; Proshutinsky, Andrey (American Geophysical Union, 2006-06-20)This paper describes a simple “multibox” model of the Arctic atmosphere-ice-ocean system. The model consists of two major modules (an Arctic module and a Greenland Sea module) and several sub-modules. The Arctic module ...