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dc.contributor.authorBertrand, Sebastien  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHughen, Konrad A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLamy, Frank  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorStuut, Jan-Berend W.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTorrejon, Fernando  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLange, Carina B.  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationClimate of the Past 8 (2012): 519-534en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2012. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Climate of the Past 8 (2012): 519-534, doi:10.5194/cp-8-519-2012.en_US
dc.description.abstractGlaciers are frequently used as indicators of climate change. However, the link between past glacier fluctuations and climate variability is still highly debated. Here, we investigate the mid- to late-Holocene fluctuations of Gualas Glacier, one of the northernmost outlet glaciers of the Northern Patagonian Icefield, using a multi-proxy sedimentological and geochemical analysis of a 15 m long fjord sediment core from Golfo Elefantes, Chile, and historical documents from early Spanish explorers. Our results show that the core can be sub-divided into three main lithological units that were deposited under very different hydrodynamic conditions. Between 5400 and 4180 cal yr BP and after 750 cal yr BP, sedimentation in Golfo Elefantes was characterized by the rapid deposition of fine silt, most likely transported by fluvio-glacial processes. By contrast, the sediment deposited between 4130 and 850 cal yr BP is composed of poorly sorted sand that is free of shells. This interval is particularly marked by high magnetic susceptibility values and Zr concentrations, and likely reflects a major advance of Gualas glacier towards Golfo Elefantes during the Neoglaciation. Several thin silt layers observed in the upper part of the core are interpreted as secondary fluctuations of Gualas glacier during the Little Ice Age, in agreement with historical and dendrochronological data. Our interpretation of the Golfo Elefantes glaciomarine sediment record in terms of fluctuations of Gualas glacier is in excellent agreement with the glacier chronology proposed for the Southern Patagonian Icefield, which is based on terrestrial (moraine) deposits. By comparing our results with independent proxy records of precipitation and sea surface temperature, we suggest that the fluctuations of Gualas glacier during the last 5400 yr were mainly driven by changes in precipitation in the North Patagonian Andes.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by an EU FP6 Marie Curie Outgoing Fellowship to S.B. Cruise NBP0505 was funded by the US National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Programs grant number NSF/OPP 03-38137 to J. Anderson (Rice University) and J. Smith Wellner (University of Houston). The Cimar-7 Program was supported by the Chilean National Oceanographic Committee (CONA, Grant C7F 01-10 to S. Pantoja).en_US
dc.publisherCopernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Unionen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Unported*
dc.titlePrecipitation as the main driver of Neoglacial fluctuations of Gualas glacier, Northern Patagonian Icefielden_US

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