Past, present, and future roles of long-term experiments in the LTER Network
Knapp, Alan K.
Smith, Melinda D.
Hobbie, Sarah E.
Collins, Scott L.
Fahey, Timothy J.
Hansen, Gretchen J. A.
Landis, Douglas A.
La Pierre, Kimberly J.
Melillo, Jerry M.
Seastedt, Timothy R.
Shaver, Gaius R.
Webster, Jackson R.
MetadataShow full item record
The US National Science Foundation—funded Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network supports a large (around 240) and diverse portfolio of long-term ecological experiments. Collectively, these long-term experiments have (a) provided unique insights into ecological patterns and processes, although such insight often became apparent only after many years of study; (b) influenced management and policy decisions; and (c) evolved into research platforms supporting studies and involving investigators who were not part of the original design. Furthermore, this suite of long-term experiments addresses, at the site level, all of the US National Research Council's Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences. Despite these contributions, we argue that the scale and scope of global environmental change requires a more-coordinated multisite approach to long-term experiments. Ideally, such an approach would include a network of spatially extensive multifactor experiments, designed in collaboration with ecological modelers that would build on and extend the unique context provided by the LTER Network.
Author Posting. © American Institute of Biological Sciences, 2012. This article is posted here by permission of American Institute of Biological Sciences for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in BioScience 62 (2012): 377-389, doi:10.1525/bio.2012.62.4.9.
Suggested CitationBioScience 62 (2012): 377-389
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
An ocean-colour time series for use in climate studies: The experience of the ocean-colour climate change initiative (OC-CCI) Sathyendranath, Shubha; Brewin, Robert J. W.; Brockmann, Carsten; Brotas, Vanda; Calton, Ben; Chuprin, Andrei; Cipollini, Paolo; Couto, André B.; Dingle, James; Doerffer, Roland; Donlon, Craig; Dowell, Mark; Farman, Alex; Grant, Michael; Groom, Steven; Horseman, Andrew; Jackson, Thomas; Krasemann, Hajo; Lavender, Samantha; Martinez-Vicente, Victor; Mazeran, Constant; Melin, Frederic; Moore, Timothy S.; Müller, Dagmar; Regner, Peter; Roy, Shovonlal; Steele, Chris J.; Steinmetz, François; Swinton, John; Taberner, Malcolm; Thompson, Adam; Valente, André; Zühlke, Marco; Brando, Vittorio; Feng, Hui; Feldman, Gene; Franz, Bryan A.; Frouin, Robert; Gould, Richard; Hooker, Stanford B.; Kahru, Mati; Kratzer, Susanne; Mitchell, B. Greg; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Sosik, Heidi M.; Voss, Kenneth; Werdell, Jeremy; Platt, Trevor (MDPI, 2019-10-03)Ocean colour is recognised as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS); and spectrally-resolved water-leaving radiances (or remote-sensing reflectances) in the visible domain, and ...
ILTER - the International Long-Term Ecological Research Network as a platform for global coastal and ocean observation Muelbert, Jose H.; Nidzieko, Nicholas J.; Acosta, Alicia T. R.; Beaulieu, Stace E.; Bernardino, Angelo F.; Boikova, Elmira; Bornman, Thomas G.; Cataletto, Bruno; Deneudt, Klaas; Eliason, Erika; Kraberg, Alexandra; Nakaoka, Masahiro; Pugnetti, Alessandra; Ragueneau, Olivier; Scharfe, Mirco; Soltwedel, Thomas; Sosik, Heidi M.; Stanisci, Angela; Stefanova, Kremena; Stéphan, Pierre; Stier, Adrian; Wikner, Johan; Zingone, Adriana (Frontiers Media, 2019-08-28)Understanding the threats to global biodiversity and ecosystem services posed by human impacts on coastal and marine environments requires the establishment and maintenance of ecological observatories that integrate the ...
A framework for a marine biodiversity observing network within changing continental shelf seascapes Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Kavanaugh, Maria T.; Montes, Enrique; Balch, William M.; Breitbart, Mya; Chavez, Francisco P.; Doney, Scott C.; Johns, Elizabeth M.; Letelier, Ricardo M.; Lomas, Michael W.; Sosik, Heidi M.; White, Angelicque E. (The Oceanography Society, 2014-06)Continental shelves and the waters overlying them support numerous industries as diverse as tourism and recreation, energy extraction, fisheries, transportation, and applications of marine bio-molecules (e.g., agribusiness, ...