Past, present, and future roles of long-term experiments in the LTER Network
Knapp, Alan K.
Smith, Melinda D.
Hobbie, Sarah E.
Collins, Scott L.
Fahey, Timothy J.
Hansen, Gretchen J. A.
Landis, Douglas A.
La Pierre, Kimberly J.
Melillo, Jerry M.
Seastedt, Timothy R.
Shaver, Gaius R.
Webster, Jackson R.
MetadataShow full item record
The US National Science Foundation—funded Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network supports a large (around 240) and diverse portfolio of long-term ecological experiments. Collectively, these long-term experiments have (a) provided unique insights into ecological patterns and processes, although such insight often became apparent only after many years of study; (b) influenced management and policy decisions; and (c) evolved into research platforms supporting studies and involving investigators who were not part of the original design. Furthermore, this suite of long-term experiments addresses, at the site level, all of the US National Research Council's Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences. Despite these contributions, we argue that the scale and scope of global environmental change requires a more-coordinated multisite approach to long-term experiments. Ideally, such an approach would include a network of spatially extensive multifactor experiments, designed in collaboration with ecological modelers that would build on and extend the unique context provided by the LTER Network.
Author Posting. © American Institute of Biological Sciences, 2012. This article is posted here by permission of American Institute of Biological Sciences for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in BioScience 62 (2012): 377-389, doi:10.1525/bio.2012.62.4.9.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pteropod shell condition, locomotion, and long-term population trends in the context of ocean acidification and environmental change Bergan, Alexander J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-06)Thecosome pteropods are planktonic mollusks that form aragonite shells and that may experience increased dissolution and other adverse effects due to ocean acidification. This thesis focuses on assessing the possible ...
Enabling long-term oceanographic research : changing data practices, information management strategies and informatics Baker, Karen S.; Chandler, Cynthia L. (2008-03-26)Interdisciplinary global ocean science requires new ways of thinking about data and data management. With new data policies and growing technological capabilities, datasets of increasing variety and complexity are being ...
Consequence of altered nitrogen cycles in the coupled human and ecological system under changing climate: the need for long-term and site-based research. Shibata, Hideaki; Branquinho, Cristina; McDowell, William H.; Mitchell, Myron J.; Monteith, Don T.; Tang, Jianwu; Arvola, Lauri; Cruz, Cristina; Cusack, Daniela F.; Halada, Lubos; Kopacek, Jiri; Maguas, Cristina; Sajidu, Samson; Schubert, Hendrik; Tokuchi, Naoko; Zahora, Jaroslav (2014-07)Anthropogenically derived nitrogen (N) has a central role in global environmental changes, including climate change, biodiversity loss, air pollution, greenhouse gas emission, water pollution, as well as food production ...