Mapping the biosphere : exploring species to understand the origin, organization and sustainability of biodiversity


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dc.contributor.author Wheeler, Q. D.
dc.contributor.author Knapp, Sandra
dc.contributor.author Stevenson, D. W.
dc.contributor.author Stevenson, J.
dc.contributor.author Blum, Stan D.
dc.contributor.author Boom, B.. M.
dc.contributor.author Borisy, Gary G.
dc.contributor.author Buizer, J. L.
dc.contributor.author De Carvalho, M. R.
dc.contributor.author Cibrian, A.
dc.contributor.author Donoghue, M. J.
dc.contributor.author Doyle, V.
dc.contributor.author Gerson, E. M.
dc.contributor.author Graham, C. H.
dc.contributor.author Graves, P.
dc.contributor.author Graves, Sara J.
dc.contributor.author Guralnick, Robert P.
dc.contributor.author Hamilton, A. L.
dc.contributor.author Hanken, J.
dc.contributor.author Law, W.
dc.contributor.author Lipscomb, D. L.
dc.contributor.author Lovejoy, T. E.
dc.contributor.author Miller, Holly
dc.contributor.author Miller, J. S.
dc.contributor.author Naeem, S.
dc.contributor.author Novacek, M. J.
dc.contributor.author Page, L. M.
dc.contributor.author Platnick, N. I.
dc.contributor.author Porter-Morgan, H.
dc.contributor.author Raven, P. H.
dc.contributor.author Solis, M. A.
dc.contributor.author Valdecasas, A. G.
dc.contributor.author Van Der Leeuw, S.
dc.contributor.author Vasco, A.
dc.contributor.author Vermeulen, N.
dc.contributor.author Vogel, J.
dc.contributor.author Walls, R. L.
dc.contributor.author Wilson, E. O.
dc.contributor.author Woolley, J. B.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-04-10T13:28:59Z
dc.date.available 2012-04-10T13:28:59Z
dc.date.issued 2012-03-27
dc.identifier.citation Systematics and Biodiversity 10 (2012): 1-20 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1912/5119
dc.description Author Posting. © The Natural History Museum, 2012. This article is posted here by permission of Taylor & Francis for reuse for non-commercial purposes only. The definitive version was published in Systematics and Biodiversity 10 (2012): 1-20, doi:10.1080/14772000.2012.665095. en_US
dc.description.abstract The time is ripe for a comprehensive mission to explore and document Earth's species. This calls for a campaign to educate and inspire the next generation of professional and citizen species explorers, investments in cyber-infrastructure and collections to meet the unique needs of the producers and consumers of taxonomic information, and the formation and coordination of a multi-institutional, international, transdisciplinary community of researchers, scholars and engineers with the shared objective of creating a comprehensive inventory of species and detailed map of the biosphere. We conclude that an ambitious goal to describe 10 million species in less than 50 years is attainable based on the strength of 250 years of progress, worldwide collections, existing experts, technological innovation and collaborative teamwork. Existing digitization projects are overcoming obstacles of the past, facilitating collaboration and mobilizing literature, data, images and specimens through cyber technologies. Charting the biosphere is enormously complex, yet necessary expertise can be found through partnerships with engineers, information scientists, sociologists, ecologists, climate scientists, conservation biologists, industrial project managers and taxon specialists, from agrostologists to zoophytologists. Benefits to society of the proposed mission would be profound, immediate and enduring, from detection of early responses of flora and fauna to climate change to opening access to evolutionary designs for solutions to countless practical problems. The impacts on the biodiversity, environmental and evolutionary sciences would be transformative, from ecosystem models calibrated in detail to comprehensive understanding of the origin and evolution of life over its 3.8 billion year history. The resultant cyber-enabled taxonomy, or cybertaxonomy, would open access to biodiversity data to developing nations, assure access to reliable data about species, and change how scientists and citizens alike access, use and think about biological diversity information. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Funds for the ‘Sustain What?’ workshop were provided by Arizona State University (Office of the President, International Institute for Species Exploration and Global Institute of Sustainability) and a grant from the US National Science Foundation (DEB-1102500 to QDW). Further support was provided by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Arizona State University and NSF (DEB-0316614 to SK). en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis en_US
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2012.665095
dc.subject Biodiversity en_US
dc.subject Bioinformatics en_US
dc.subject Biomimicry en_US
dc.subject Biosphere en_US
dc.subject Conservation en_US
dc.subject Cyberinfrastructure en_US
dc.subject Ecology en_US
dc.subject Evolution en_US
dc.subject International collaboration en_US
dc.subject Organization of science en_US
dc.subject Origins en_US
dc.subject Species en_US
dc.subject Sustainability en_US
dc.subject Systematics en_US
dc.subject Taxonomy en_US
dc.subject Team work en_US
dc.title Mapping the biosphere : exploring species to understand the origin, organization and sustainability of biodiversity en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/14772000.2012.665095

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