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dc.contributor.authorHolmes, Robert M.
dc.contributor.authorMcClelland, James W.
dc.contributor.authorPeterson, Bruce J.
dc.contributor.authorTank, Suzanne E.
dc.contributor.authorBulygina, Ekaterina
dc.contributor.authorEglinton, Timothy I.
dc.contributor.authorGordeev, Viacheslav V.
dc.contributor.authorGurtovaya, Tatiana Y.
dc.contributor.authorRaymond, Peter A.
dc.contributor.authorRepeta, Daniel J.
dc.contributor.authorStaples, Robin
dc.contributor.authorStriegl, Robert G.
dc.contributor.authorZhulidov, Alexander V.
dc.contributor.authorZimov, Sergey A.
dc.date.accessioned2012-04-05T14:19:52Z
dc.date.available2012-04-05T14:19:52Z
dc.date.issued2011-03
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1912/5112
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © The Author(s), 2011. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Springer for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Estuaries and Coasts 35 (2012): 369-382, doi:10.1007/s12237-011-9386-6.en_US
dc.description.abstractRiver inputs of nutrients and organic matter impact the biogeochemistry of arctic estuaries and the Arctic Ocean as a whole, yet there is considerable uncertainty about the magnitude of fluvial fluxes at the pan-arctic scale. Samples from the six largest arctic rivers, with a combined watershed area of 11.3 x 106 km2, have revealed strong seasonal variations in constituent concentrations and fluxes within rivers as well as large differences among the rivers. Specifically, we investigate fluxes of dissolved organic carbon, dissolved organic nitrogen, total dissolved phosphorus, dissolved inorganic nitrogen, nitrate, and silica. This is the first time that seasonal and annual constituent fluxes have been determined using consistent sampling and analytical methods at the pan arctic scale, and consequently provide the best available estimates for constituent flux from land to the Arctic Ocean and surrounding seas. Given the large inputs of river water to the relatively small Arctic Ocean, and the dramatic impacts that climate change is having in the Arctic, it is particularly urgent that we establish the contemporary river fluxes so that we will be able to detect future changes and evaluate the impact of the changes on the biogeochemistry of the receiving coastal and ocean systems.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the National Science Foundation through grants OPP-0229302, OPP-0519840, OPP-0732522, and OPP-0732944. Additional support was provided by the U. S. Geological Survey (Yukon River) and the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs (Mackenzie River).en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12237-011-9386-6
dc.titleSeasonal and annual fluxes of nutrients and organic matter from large rivers to the Arctic Ocean and surrounding seasen_US
dc.typePreprinten_US


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