Thermohaline structure in the California Current System : observations and modeling of spice variance
Todd, Robert E.
Rudnick, Daniel L.
Mazloff, Matthew R.
Cornuelle, Bruce D.
Davis, Russ E.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordCalifornia Current System; Adjoint model; Glider; Passive tracer; Spice; Thermohaline structure
Upper ocean thermohaline structure in the California Current System is investigated using sustained observations from autonomous underwater gliders and a numerical state estimate. Both observations and the state estimate show layers distinguished by the temperature and salinity variability along isopycnals (i.e., spice variance). Mesoscale and submesoscale spice variance is largest in the remnant mixed layer, decreases to a minimum below the pycnocline near 26.3 kg m−3, and then increases again near 26.6 kg m−3. Layers of high (low) meso- and submesoscale spice variance are found on isopycnals where large-scale spice gradients are large (small), consistent with stirring of large-scale gradients to produce smaller scale thermohaline structure. Passive tracer adjoint calculations in the state estimate are used to investigate possible mechanisms for the formation of the layers of spice variance. Layers of high spice variance are found to have distinct origins and to be associated with named water masses; high spice variance water in the remnant mixed layer has northerly origin and is identified as Pacific Subarctic water, while the water in the deeper high spice variance layer has southerly origin and is identified as Equatorial Pacific water. The layer of low spice variance near 26.3 kg m−3 lies between the named water masses and does not have a clear origin. Both effective horizontal diffusivity, κh, and effective diapycnal diffusivity, κv, are elevated relative to the diffusion coefficients set in the numerical simulation, but changes in κh and κv with depth are not sufficient to explain the observed layering of thermohaline structure.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2012. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research 117 (2012): C02008, doi:10.1029/2011JC007589.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Gruber, Nicolas; Frenzel, Hartmut; Doney, Scott C.; Marchesiello, Patrick; McWilliams, James C.; Moisan, John R.; Oram, John J.; Plattner, Gian-Kasper; Stolzenbach, Keith D. (2006-06-13)We study the dynamics of the planktonic ecosystem in the coastal upwelling zone within the California Current System using a three-dimensional, eddy-resolving circulation model coupled to an ecosystem/biogeochemistry ...
Implementation of the vortex force formalism in the coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave-sediment transport (COAWST) modeling system for inner shelf and surf zone applications Kumar, Nirnimesh; Voulgaris, George; Warner, John C.; Olabarriet, Maitane (2012-01)The coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave-sediment transport modeling system (COAWST) enables simulations that integrate oceanic, atmospheric, wave and morphological processes in the coastal ocean. Within the modeling system, the ...
Measurements and models of fine-structure, internal gravity waves and wave breaking in the deep ocean Eriksen, Charles C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1976-09)Measurements of horizontal and vertical current by propeller cluster current meters and temperature by thermistors mounted on a rigid array 8 m high and 20 m long moored in the oceanic main thermocline near Bermuda are ...