Questioning the rise of gelatinous zooplankton in the world's oceans
Condon, Robert H.
Graham, William M.
Duarte, Carlos M.
Pitt, Kylie A.
Lucas, Cathy H.
Haddock, Steven H. D.
Sutherland, Kelly R.
Robinson, Kelly L.
Dawson, Michael N.
Decker, Mary Beth
Mills, Claudia E.
Purcell, Jennifer E.
Madin, Laurence P.
MetadataShow full item record
During the past several decades, high numbers of gelatinous Zooplankton species have been reported in many estuarine and coastal ecosystems. Coupled with media-driven public perception, a paradigm has evolved in which the global ocean ecosystems are thought to he heading toward being dominated by “nuisance” jellyfish. We question this current paradigm by presenting a broad overview of gelatinous Zooplankton in a historical context to develop the hypothesis that population changes reflect the human-mediated alteration of global ocean ecosystems. To this end, we synthesize information related to the evolutionary context of contemporary gelatinous Zooplankton blooms, the human frame of reference for changes in gelatinous Zooplankton populations, and whether sufficient data are available to have established the paradigm. We conclude that the current paradigm in which it is believed that there has been a global increase in gelatinous Zooplankton is unsubstantiated, and we develop a strategy for addressing the critical questions about long-term, human-related changes in the sea as they relate to gelatinous Zooplankton blooms.
Author Posting. © American Institute of Biological Sciences, 2012. This article is posted here by permission of American Institute of Biological Sciences for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in BioScience 62 (2012): 160-169, doi:10.1525/bio.2012.62.2.9.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Duarte, Carlos M.; Pitt, Kylie A.; Lucas, Cathy H.; Purcell, Jennifer E.; Uye, Shin-Ichi; Robinson, Kelly L.; Brotz, Lucas; Decker, Mary Beth; Sutherland, Kelly R.; Malej, Alenka; Madin, Laurence P.; Mianzan, Hermes; Gili, Josep-Maria; Fuentes, Veronica; Atienza, Dacha; Pages, Francesc; Breitburg, Denise; Malek, Jennafer; Graham, William M.; Condon, Robert H. (Ecological Society of America, 2012-09-07)Jellyfish (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) blooms appear to be increasing in both intensity and frequency in many coastal areas worldwide, due to multiple hypothesized anthropogenic stressors. Here, we propose that the proliferation ...
Graham, William M.; Gelcich, Stefan; Robinson, Kelly L.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Brotz, Lucas; Purcell, Jennifer E.; Madin, Laurence P.; Mianzan, Hermes; Sutherland, Kelly R.; Uye, Shin-Ichi; Pitt, Kylie A.; Lucas, Cathy H.; Bogeberg, Molly; Brodeur, Richard D.; Condon, Robert H. (Ecological Society of America, 2014-11)Jellyfish are usually perceived as harmful to humans and are seen as “pests”. This negative perception has hindered knowledge regarding their value in terms of ecosystem services. As humans increasingly modify and interact ...
Condon, Robert H.; Lucas, Cathy H.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Pitt, Kylie A.; Haddock, Steven H. D.; Madin, Laurence P.; Brodeur, Richard D.; Sutherland, Kelly R.; Mianzan, Hermes W.; Purcell, Jennifer E.; Decker, Mary Beth; Uye, Shin-Ichi; Malej, Alenka; Bogeberg, Molly; Everett, John T.; Gibbons, Mark; Gonzalez, H.; Hay, S.; Hensche, N.; Hobson, R. J.; Kingsford, Michael J.; Kremer, P.; Lehtiniemi, Maiju; Ohman, Mark; Rissik, D.; Sheard, K.; Suthers, Iain; Coleman, N.; Costello, John H.; Gershwin, L. A.; Graham, William M.; Robinson, Kelly L.; Richardson, T. M.; Giesecke, R.; Gorsky, Gabriel; Greve, Wulf; Halsband-Lenk, C.; Hays, Graeme; Hobson, V.; Klein, David; Lebrato, Mario; Loveridge, Jan; Martens, P.; Milos, C.; Perry, G.; Stemmann, L.; Sullivan, Barbara; Walker, T.; Schildhauer, Mark; Regetz, J. (Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO). Contact: email@example.com, 2015-03-09)The Jellyfish Database Initiative (JeDI) is a scientifically-coordinated global database dedicated to gelatinous zooplankton (members of the Cnidaria, Ctenophora and Thaliacea) and associated environmental data. The database ...