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dc.contributor.authorCao, Shixiong  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSun, Ge  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Zhiqiang  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorChen, Liding  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFeng, Qi  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFu, Bojie  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMcNulty, Steve  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorShankman, David  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTang, Jianwu  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWang, Yanhui  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWei, Xiaohua  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-27T21:02:50Z
dc.date.available2012-04-07T08:33:14Z
dc.date.issued2011-04
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/5004
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © The Author(s), 2011. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Springer for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 40 (2011): 828-831, doi:10.1007/s13280-011-0150-8.en_US
dc.description.abstractChina leads the world in afforestation, and is one of the few countries whose forested area is increasing. However, this massive ‘‘greening’’ effort has been less effective than expected; afforestation has sometimes produced unintended environmental, ecological, and socioeconomic consequences, and has failed to achieve the desired ecological benefits. Where afforestation has succeeded, the approach was tailored to local environmental conditions. Using the right plant species or species composition for the site and considering alternatives such as grassland restoration have been important success factors. To expand this success, government policy should shift from a forest-based approach to a results-based approach. In addition, long-term monitoring must be implemented to provide the data needed to develop a cost-effective, scientifically informed restoration policy.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (HJ2010-3) and the CAS/ SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams of ‘‘Ecosystem Processes and Services’’.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-011-0150-8
dc.subjectAfforestation policyen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental degradationen_US
dc.subjectEvironmental restorationen_US
dc.subjectReforestationen_US
dc.subjectSustainable developmenten_US
dc.titleGreening China naturallyen_US
dc.typePreprinten_US


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