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  • Laycock, Maurice V.; Anderson, Donald M.; Naar, Jerome; Goodman, Allan; Easy, Dorothy J.; Li, Aifeng; Quilliam, Michael A.; Al Jamali, Ebrahim; Alshihi, Rashid (2011-12)
    Over the last several decades, countries throughout the world have experienced an escalating and worrisome trend in the incidence of harmful algal blooms (HABs). A concern is that highly potent algal toxins might be ...
  • Moore, Michael J.; Reeb, Desray; Miller, Carolyn A.; Smith, Dan (2002-01-16)
    This workshop set out to conceive and plan the necessary technology to improve disentanglement of large whales at sea. The overwhelming message from the presentations and discussions included in this report is of the ...
  • Mullineaux, Lauren S.; Adams, Diane K.; Mills, Susan W.; Beaulieu, Stace E. (2010-01-29)
    The planktonic larval stage is a critical component of life history in marine benthic species because it confers the ability to disperse, potentially connecting remote populations and leading to colonization of new sites. ...
  • Kim, Stacy L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1996-01)
    Hydrothermal vents are isolated, short-term habitats that support unique biotic assemblages with relatively high biomass utilizing an unusual energy source. How these communities establish themselves and maintain species ...
  • Adams, Diane K.; Arellano, Shawn M.; Govenar, Breea (The Oceanography Society, 2012-03)
    Visually striking faunal communities of high abundance and biomass cluster around hydrothermal vents, but these animals don't spend all of their lives on the seafloor. Instead, they spend a portion of their lives as tiny ...
  • McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Lavelle, J. William; Thurnherr, Andreas M.; Kosnyrev, V. K.; Mullineaux, Lauren S. (2009-12-22)
    We investigated planktonic larval transport processes along an axially symmetric mid-ocean ridge with characteristics similar to that of the East Pacific Rise (EPR) segment at 9-10°N. The hydrodynamic basis for this study ...
  • Gyory, Joanna (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2011-02)
    The environmental cues for synchronous reproduction were investigated for two highly abundant, ecologically important crustacean species: the temperate acorn barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides, and the tropical terrestrial ...
  • Fuchs, Heidi L.; Solow, Andrew R.; Mullineaux, Lauren S. (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2010-06)
    Marine larval dispersal is affected by hydrodynamic transport and larval behavior, but little is known about how behavior affects large-scale patterns of dispersal and recruitment. Intertidal habitats are characterized by ...
  • Zimmer, Cheryl Ann; Starczak, Victoria R.; Arch, Victoria S.; Zimmer, Richard K. (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2008-03)
    Planktonic larval settlement can be a major determinant of population and community dynamics. Settlement templates of benthic invertebrates have been attributed to biological, chemical, and hydrodynamic mechanisms. Completely ...
  • Pineda, Jesus; Hare, Jonathan A.; Sponaungle, Su (Oceanography Society, 2007-09)
    Many marine species have small, pelagic early life stages. For those species, knowledge of population connectivity requires understanding the origin and trajectories of dispersing eggs and larvae among subpopulations. ...
  • Llopiz, Joel K. (2012-03-20)
    The longtime focus on factors that influence the survival of marine fish larvae has yielded an extensive number of studies on larval fish diets and feeding success. In light of a recent increase in such studies within lower ...
  • Gralnick, Jeffrey; Webb, Eric A.; Beck, Brian; Downs, Diana (American Society for Microbiology, 2000-09)
    Thiamine pyrophosphate is an essential cofactor that is synthesized de novo in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and other bacteria. In addition to genes encoding enzymes in the biosynthetic pathway, mutations in ...
  • Cassoff, Rachel M.; Moore, Kathleen M.; McLellan, William A.; Barco, Susan G.; Rotstein, David S.; Moore, Michael J. (Inter-Research, 2011-10-06)
    Understanding the scenarios whereby fishing gear entanglement of large whales induces mortality is important for the development of mitigation strategies. Here we present a series of 21 cases involving 4 species of baleen ...
  • Lyons, M. Maille; Ward, J. Evan; Smolowitz, Roxanna M.; Uhlinger, Kevin R.; Gast, Rebecca J. (2005-06-14)
    We evaluated marine aggregates as environmental reservoirs for a thraustochytrid pathogen, Quahog Parasite Unknown (QPX), of the northern quahog or hard clam, Mercenaria mercenaria. Positive results from in situ hybridization ...
  • Govindarajan, Annette F. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2004-09)
    The purpose of this thesis is to study campanulariid life cycle evolution and systematics. The Campanulariidae is a hydrozoan family with many life cycle variations, and provide an excellent model system to study life ...
  • Brosnahan, Michael L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2011-02)
    Blooms of toxic species within the algal dinoflagellate species complex Alexandrium tamarense may cause Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning, a significant and growing environmental threat worldwide. However, blooms of closely ...
  • Ripley, Bonnie J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-02)
    In this thesis, I investigated the how the life history characteristics of the clam Mya arenaria determine the population response to chronic contaminant exposure. To predict the potential responses of a broadcast-spawning ...
  • Song, Jiasheng; Clagett-Dame, Margaret; Peterson, Richard E.; Hahn, Mark E.; Westler, William M.; Sicinski, Rafal R.; DeLuca, Hector F. (National Academy of Sciences, 2002-10-30)
    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-inducible transcription factor that is best known because it mediates the actions of polycyclic and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon environmental toxicants such as ...
  • Reitzel, Adam M.; Behrendt, Lars; Tarrant, Ann M. (Public Library of Science, 2010-09-21)
    Circadian rhythms in behavior and physiology are the observable phenotypes from cycles in expression of, interactions between, and degradation of the underlying molecular components. In bilaterian animals, the core molecular ...
  • Walther, Benjamin D.; Thorrold, Simon R. (2009-10)
    Variable migration patterns can play a significant role in promoting diverse life history traits among populations. However, population and stage specific movement patterns are generally unknown yet crucial aspects of ...

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